San Giacomo in Augusta
|San Giacomo in Augusta (degli Incurabili)|
|Architect(s)||Francesco da Volterra and Carlo Maderno|
Standing on Via del Corso number 499, roughly three blocks south of the Piazza del Popolo in rione Campo Marzio, nearly opposite to the church of Gesù e Maria. A Church at the site was originally built in the 14th century adjacent to a hospital for the Incurabili (uncurables), and thus is also known as San Giacomo degli Incurabili. The suffix ‘’in Augusta’’ referred to the neighboring Mausoleum of Augustus.
A church at the location was founded along with a hospital by Cardinal Giovanni Colonna in 1339. By 1515, the hospital was in a state of abandon, but within a few decades reopened under the supervision of two religious orders, with the aim of curing those affected by syphilis. Pope Nicholas V placed it under the control of the Company of Santa Maria del Popolo. This order was under the patronage of the Florentine Cardinal Antonio Maria Salviati, and in he commissioned the reconstruction of the church. The oval layout of the church at the site was rebuilt starting by Francesco da Volterra in 1592. Upon the former architect's death, the facade and most of the interior decoration completed by Carlo Maderno in 1600.
The interior contains a bas relief of St Anthony of Padua and the Virgin interceding for the Ill by Pierre Le Gros the Younger on the second chapel. On the side walls are large paintings by Giuseppe Passeri.
The altar in the first chapel on the right has a Resurrection painted by the mannerist painter Cristoforo Roncalli. In the second chapel on the right is a marble bas-relief by Le Gros representing St Francesco di Paola in Prayer. Le Gros also helped complete the nave stucco work.
The third chapel has a St John the Baptist baptizes Christ by Domenico Passignano. The Last Supper was painted by Giovanni Battista Novara. The History of Melchisedec and the Story of Manna in the Desert was painted by Vespasiano Strada.
On the left of the Nave is the chapel of the Sig. Graziani with a Nativity painted by Antiveduto Grammatica. The statue of San Giacomo was completed by Ippolito Buzi of Vigu. In the third chapel, conmemorating its patron Virginia Tolsia, are a number of paintings by Francesco Zucchi.
Cardinal titular church
On 22 February 2014 Pope Francis established San Giacomo in Augusta as a new titular church. He appointed as its first Cardinal Priest title San Giacomo in Augusta the Haitian Cardinal Chibly Langlois.
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- Titi, Filippo (1763). Descrizione delle Pitture, Sculture e Architetture esposte in Roma. Marco Pagliarini, Rome. pp. page 384–385.