San Giacomo di Rialto
|Church of San Giacomo di Rialto|
San Giacomo di Rialto is a church in the sestiere of San Polo, Venice, northern Italy. The addition of Rialto to the name distinguishes this church from its namesake San Giacomo dall'Orio found in the sestiere of Santa Croce, on the same side of the Grand Canal.
It has a large 15th century clock above the entrance, a useful item in the Venetian business district but regarded as a standing joke for its inaccuracy. The Gothic portico is one of the few surviving examples in Venice. It has a Latin cross plan with a central dome. Inside, the Veneto-Byzantine capitals on the six columns of ancient Greek marble date from the 11th century.
According to the tradition, it would be the oldest church in the city, supposedly consecrated in the year 421. Although, documents exist mentioning the area but not the church in 1097. The first document citing it dates from 1152. It was rebuilt in 1071, prompting the establishment, in front of the church, of the Rialto market with bankers and money changers. The system with the "bill of exchange" was introduced here, as clients went with such a bill of exchange with a credit inscribed from one banker to another.
- Tassini, Giuseppe (1863). Curiosità Veneziane. Venice: Filippi Editore.
- Cessi, Roberto; Annibale Alberti (1934). Rialto. L'isola, il ponte, il mercato. Bologna.
- Buckley, Jonathan; Charles Hebbert and Richard Schofield (2007). The Rough Guide to Venice & Veneto.
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