San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site

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San Jacinto Battlefield
San Jacinto Monument.jpg
San Jacinto Monument
San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site is located in Texas
San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site
Location Harris County, Texas
Nearest city LaPorte, Texas
Coordinates 29°44′56″N 95°4′49″W / 29.74889°N 95.08028°W / 29.74889; -95.08028Coordinates: 29°44′56″N 95°4′49″W / 29.74889°N 95.08028°W / 29.74889; -95.08028
Area 1,200 acres (490 ha)
Built 1836
Governing body Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
NRHP Reference # 66000815[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Designated NHL December 19, 1960[2]

The San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site includes the location of the Battle of San Jacinto, and the USS Texas. It is located off the Houston Ship Channel in LaPorte, Texas. The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[2][3]

A prominent feature of the park is the San Jacinto Monument. Visitors can take an elevator to the monument's observation deck for a view of Houston, the Houston Ship Channel and the USS Texas.[4]

History[edit]

The beginnings of the San Jacinto Battleground State Historic site trace to the early 1880s, when the State of Texas purchased ten acres along Buffalo Bayou in preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of the Texas Revolution. The Daughters of the Republic of Texas (DRT) pressured the Texas Legislature for more appropriations for San Jacinto. In 1897, Texas State Senator Waller Thomas Burns of Houston helped to pass legislation to fund $10,000 to establish a public park. The money was used to purchase an additional 336 acres of land at San Jacinto. The state appropriated another $25,000 in 1907 for improvements at the battleground and officially named it San Jacinto State Park, the first official state park in Texas. A governor appointed local commission managed the park and reported to the State Board of Control. More state-assisted improvements came to the park in preparation for the 1928 Democratic National Convention in Houston.[5]

San Jacinto Museum of History[edit]

The San Jacinto Museum of History is located inside the base of the San Jacinto Monument. In addition to the Battle of San Jacinto, the museum's exhibits focus on the history of Texan culture, including Mayan, Spanish and Mexican influences, the history of the Texas Revolution and the Republic of Texas, and important figures in Texas history.[6]

The 160-seat Jesse H. Jones Theatre for Texas Studies presents a 35 minute movie titled Texas Forever!! The Battle of San Jacinto.

Battleship Texas[edit]

Main article: USS Texas (BB-35)

On 17 April 1947, the Battleship Texas Commission was established by the Texas Legislature to care for the ship. The $225,000 necessary to pay for towing her from Baltimore to San Jacinto was the Commission's first task.[7] On 17 March 1948, Texas began her journey to her new anchorage along the busy Houston Ship Channel near the San Jacinto Monument, at San Jacinto State Park, arriving on 20 April, where she was turned over to the State of Texas the next day to serve as a permanent memorial.[8] Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 April 1948.[9] The date of 21 April is significant in that it was the date of the decisive 1836 Battle of San Jacinto that ended the Texas Revolution and led to the creation of the Republic of Texas, which joined the US as a state in 1845. Texas was the first battleship memorial museum in the US.[8] When the battleship was presented to the State of Texas, she was commissioned as the flagship of the Texas Navy.[8]

Subsidence[edit]

Drilling for oil and underground water have led to severe land subsidence and erosion along the Bay Area shoreline, especially in the Baytown-Pasadena area.[10] Since the beginning of the 20th century approximately 100 acres (40 ha) of the battleground have become submerged under the bay.[11]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b "San Jacinto Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 1960-12-19. 
  3. ^ Patricia Heintzelman (1960-12-19), National Historic Landmark Nomination: San Jacinto Battlefield, National Park Service "Accompanying 3 photos, from 1960.". National Register of Historic Places Inventory. 
  4. ^ "Lofty Texas Memorial to Have Fast Elevators" Popular Mechanics, April 1936
  5. ^ Steely, James Wright. Parks for Texas: Enduring Landscapes of the New Deal. Austin: U of Texas, 1999. Print.
  6. ^ http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/Monument_and_Museum/Story_of_the_Museum/ Story of the Museum
  7. ^ Ferguson, John C. (2007). Historic Battleship Texas: The Last Dreadnought. Military History of Texas #4. Abilene, Texas: State House Press. ISBN 1-933337-07-9. OCLC 154678508. 
  8. ^ a b c "Battleship Texas State Historic Site". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 2006-12-30. 
  9. ^ "Texas". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  10. ^ Henson (1993), p. 51.
    Holzer, T.L.; Bluntzer, R.L. (1984). "Land subsidence near oil and gas-fields, Houston, Texas". Ground Water 22 (4): 450–459. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1984.tb01416.x. Retrieved 25 December 2009. 
  11. ^ Coplin, Laura S.; Galloway, Devin. "Houston-Galveston, Texas: Managing coastal subsidence". U.S. Geological Service. p. 35. Retrieved 12 Jan 2010. 

External links[edit]