San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site
San Jacinto Battlefield
San Jacinto Monument
|Location||Harris County, Texas|
|Nearest city||LaPorte, Texas|
|Area||455 acres (184 ha)|
|Governing body||Texas Parks and Wildlife Department|
|NRHP Reference #||66000815|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||December 19, 1960|
The San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site includes the location of the Battle of San Jacinto, and the USS Texas. It is located off the Houston Ship Channel in LaPorte, Texas. The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960.
San Jacinto Museum of History
The San Jacinto Museum of History is located inside the base of the San Jacinto Monument. In addition to the Battle of San Jacinto, the museum's exhibits focus on the history of Texan culture, including Mayan, Spanish and Mexican influences, the history of the Texas revolution and the Republic of Texas, and important figures in Texas history.
The 160-seat Jesse H. Jones Theatre for Texas Studies presents a 35 minute movie titled Texas Forever!! The Battle of San Jacinto.
On 17 April 1947, the Battleship Texas Commission was established by the Texas Legislature to care for the ship. The $225,000 necessary to pay for towing her from Baltimore to San Jacinto was the Commission's first task. On 17 March 1948, Texas began her journey to her new anchorage along the busy Houston Ship Channel near the San Jacinto Monument, at San Jacinto State Park, arriving on 20 April, where she was turned over to the State of Texas the next day to serve as a permanent memorial. Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 April 1948. The date of 21 April is significant in that it was the date of the decisive 1836 Battle of San Jacinto that ended the War for Texas Independence and led to the creation of the Republic of Texas, which joined the US as a state in 1845. Texas was the first battleship memorial museum in the US. When the battleship was presented to the State of Texas, she was commissioned as the flagship of the Texas Navy.
Drilling for oil and underground water have led to severe land subsidence and erosion along the Bay Area shoreline, especially in the Baytown-Pasadena area. Since the beginning of the 20th century approximately 100 acres (40 ha) of the battleground have become submerged under the bay.
Museum Battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "San Jacinto Battlefield". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 1960-12-19.
- Patricia Heintzelman (1960-12-19), National Historic Landmark Nomination: San Jacinto Battlefield, National Park Service"Accompanying 3 photos, from 1960.". National Register of Historic Places Inventory.
- "Lofty Texas Memorial to Have Fast Elevators" Popular Mechanics, April 1936
- http://www.sanjacinto-museum.org/Monument_and_Museum/Story_of_the_Museum/ Story of the Museum
- Ferguson, John C. (2007). Historic Battleship Texas: The Last Dreadnought. Military History of Texas #4. Abilene, Texas: State House Press. ISBN 1-933337-07-9. OCLC 154678508.
- "Battleship Texas State Historic Site". Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- "Texas". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- Henson (1993), p. 51.
Holzer, T.L.; Bluntzer, R.L. (1984). "Land subsidence near oil and gas-fields, Houston, Texas". Ground Water 22 (4): 450–459. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.1984.tb01416.x. Retrieved 25 December 2009.
- Coplin, Laura S.; Galloway, Devin. "Houston-Galveston, Texas: Managing coastal subsidence". U.S. Geological Service. p. 35. Retrieved 12 Jan 2010.
- San Jacinto Battlefield State Historic Site
- Battleship Texas State Historic Site
- San Jacinto Museum of History - includes Monument information
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