San Jacinto Mountains
|San Jacinto Mountains|
The San Jacinto Mountains seen from Hemet.
|Peak||San Jacinto Peak|
|Elevation||3,302.3 m (10,834 ft)|
The San Jacinto Mountains ('Avii Hanupach in Mojave) are a mountain range east of Los Angeles in southern California in the United States. The mountains are named for Saint Hyacinth (San Jacinto in Spanish).
The range extends for approximately 30 mi (50 km) from the San Bernardino Mountains southeast to the Santa Rosa Mountains. The San Jacinto Mountains are the northernmost of the Peninsular Ranges, which run 1,500 km (930 mi) from Southern California to the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. The highest peak in the range is San Jacinto Peak (3,302 m)(10,834 ft) NAVD 88, and the range is also a Great Basin Divide landform for the Salton Watershed to the east.
The Coachella Valley stretches along the eastern side of the range, including the cities of Palm Springs and Rancho Mirage. Banning Pass and San Gorgonio Pass separate the range from Mount San Gorgonio to the north. The western slope holds the community of Idyllwild. The range is the eastern boundary of the San Jacinto Valley, location of Hemet; it also marks the eastern edge of the fast-growing Inland Empire region and Greater Los Angeles as a whole.
Much of the range is embraced by the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument created in 2000. Mount San Jacinto State Park is located along the flank of San Jacinto Peak. Part of the eastern flank of the range is located within the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation. In 1990 the California Legislature created the Coachella Valley Mountains Conservancy to protect the mountains surrounding the valley.
Flora and fauna 
The range can be thought of as a sky island, as it contains numerous species of flora and fauna that cannot tolerate the triple-digit-Fahrenheit heat of the surrounding valleys. Vegetation found on the mountain flanks is strongly influenced by elevation and climate. Near the valley floor, conditions are often arid and hot, limiting the vegetative palette to species that are adapted to such conditions. At lower elevations forestation of the San Jacinto Mountains includes considerable California black oak associated with Coulter pine.
Human use 
The indigenous Cahuilla live in the deserts around the San Jacinto Mountains and used the range for hunting, foraging, and to escape the summer heat.
Since the dawn of Hollywood, film directors have commonly come out to shoot films around the mountains and around the surrounding area and mountain ranges, for a break from the bustling Southern California scene.
Today, the range is a destination for outdoor recreation. The Pacific Crest Trail runs along the spine of the range. Hikers use this, and a multitude of other trails. A popular walking route runs from the Palm Springs Aerial Tramway Mountain Station above Palm Springs, to the high point of the range, with a relatively mild climb of 2,400 ft (700 m) compared to other routes with more elevation gain.
- Munro, P et al. A Mojave Dictionary Los Angeles: UCLA, 1992
- "San Jacinto Mountains". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- "San Jacinto". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- University of California Publications in Botany, Published by University of California Press, Berkeley, Ca., 1903, Item notes: v.1 (1902-1903)
- C. Michael Hogan (2008) Quercus kelloggii, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg 
- Robinson, John W.; Risher, Bruce D.; Bakker, Elna (Natural History) (1993). The San Jacintos: The Mountain Country from Banning to Borrego Valley. Arcadia, CA: Big Santa Ana Historical Society. p. 252. ISBN 0-9615421-6-0.