San José de Mayo

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San José de Mayo
Capital city
The Intendencia of San José
The Intendencia of San José
San José de Mayo is located in Uruguay
San José de Mayo
San José de Mayo
Location in Uruguay
Coordinates: 34°20′0″S 56°43′0″W / 34.33333°S 56.71667°W / -34.33333; -56.71667Coordinates: 34°20′0″S 56°43′0″W / 34.33333°S 56.71667°W / -34.33333; -56.71667
Country  Uruguay
Department San José Department
Founded 1783
Population (2011)
 • Total 36,743
 • Demonym maragato,-a
Time zone UTC -3
Postal code 80000
Dial plan +598 434 (+5 digits)

San José de Mayo (Spanish pronunciation: [saŋ xoˈse ðe ˈmaʝo]) is the capital city of the San José Department in southern Uruguay.

Location and geography[edit]

The city is located at the centre of the department, on the intersection of Route 3 with Route 11, 90 kilometres (56 mi) from the centre of Montevideo. The railroad track connecting Montevideo with Colonia and with the northwest of the country passes through the city. The river Río San José flows along the northeastern and eastern limits of the city.

History[edit]

San José de Mayo was founded on 1 July 1783. It had acquired "Villa" (town) status before the Independence of Uruguay, which was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) on 12 July 1856 by the Act of Ley Nº 495.[1] During the 19th century it became a commercial and cultural centre, known as "Montevideo chico" ("little Montevideo"). The theatre "Teatro Macció" was constructed at the turn of the 20th century.

Population[edit]

In 2011 San José de Mayo had a population of 36,743.[2]

Year Population
1867 3,224
1908 12,297
1963 27,482
1975 28,554
1985 31,825
1996 34,552
2004 36,129
2011 36,743

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

Catedral de San José de Mayo.jpg

Places of worship[edit]

Economy[edit]

Besides being the administrative capital of the department, the city is an active regional commercial and financial centre. Its economy is linked mainly to cattle ranching, and it is an agro-industrial centre for dairy products, packing houses, mills, and chemicals.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics of urban localities (1867–2004)" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros San José". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 

External links[edit]