San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area

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Not to be confused with with the less extensive San Francisco Bay Area.
An enlargeable map of the component Metropolitan Statistical Areas of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area:
  Napa

The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated the 12-county San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area (CSA) for the greater San Francisco Bay Area region.[1] The CSA is more extensive than the popular local definition of the Bay Area, consisting of only the nine counties bordering San Francisco and San Pablo Bays: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma. [2][3] The CSA also includes the three counties of San Joaquin, Santa Cruz, and San Benito that do not border San Francisco or San Pablo Bay, but are economically tied to the nine counties that do.

The CSA ranks as the fifth most populous metropolitan area of the United States.[4]

Geography[edit]

The CSA includes the vast geographic diversity of the traditional nine-county region, composed of at least six terranes (continental, seabed, or island arc fragments with distinct characteristics) pushed together over many millions of years by the forces of plate tectonics. These landscapes range from cool foggy mountains and temperate forests on the San Francisco Peninsula and Marin County, to the semi-arid, near-desert terrain in the easternmost portions of the East Bay.

San Joaquin County extends the CSA further east into the agricultural lands of the San Joaquin Valley, the southern half of the larger California Central Valley. The county includes portions of the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, formed by the confluence of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers before they eventually flow west into the Bay Area. Several cities and communities in the county like Tracy and Mountain House have become exurbs of the Bay Area because of population growth.

Santa Cruz and San Benito counties lie to the south of the traditional nine-county region, in the northernmost part of the California Central Coast. Santa Cruz County is a strip between the Pacific coast and the crest of the Santa Cruz Mountains at the northern end of the Monterey Bay. San Benito County lies more inland along the California Coast Ranges.

Census statistics[edit]

The CSA comprises of seven Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). The United States Census Bureau estimates the population of the CSA and its seven component MSAs as of July 1, 2013 as follows:[4][5]

San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area

Metropolitan Statistical Areas County(ies) 2013 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area (sqkm)
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Alameda, Contra Costa, San Francisco, San Mateo, and Marin 4,516,276 4,335,391 !D0031767056110 +4.17% 6,410
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Santa Clara and San Benito 1,919,641 1,836,911 !D0031002583422 +4.50% 6,979
Stockton-Lodi, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area San Joaquin County 704,379 685,306 !D0035815917314 +2.78% 3,694
Santa Rosa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Sonoma County 495,025 483,878 !D0037706624054 +2.30% 4,580
Vallejo-Fairfield, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Solano County 424,788 413,344 !D0035868146008 +2.77% 2,348
Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Santa Cruz County 269,419 262,382 !D0036186195141 +2.68% 1,572
Napa, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Napa County 140,326 136,484 !D0035702143272 +2.81% 2,041
San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area 8,469,854 8,153,696 !D0032499845117 +3.88% 27,624
List of cities with populations of over 100,000 as of the 2010 U.S. Census[6][7][8]

Economy and transportation[edit]

In 2011 the San Francisco Bay Area had a GDP of $535 billion, which would rank 19th among countries.[9] Silicon Valley, the leading high technology region in the world, is located in Santa Clara County. Major corporations in San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, and the surrounding cities help make the region second in the nation in concentration of Fortune 500 companies, after New York.[10] The Bay Area's northern counties encompass California's famous Wine Country, home to hundreds of vineyards and wineries. San Joaquin, Santa Cruz, and San Benito counties extend the area's agriculture and wine-producing areas.

Transportation in the San Francisco Bay Area is reliant on a complex multimodal infrastructure consisting of roads, bridges, highways, rail, tunnels, airports, and bike and pedestrian paths. The Bay Area possesses an extensive freeway and highway system. The CSA contains the three principal north-south highways in California: Interstate 5, U.S. Route 101, and California State Route 1. U.S. 101 and State Route 1 directly serve the traditional nine-county region, while Interstate 5 bypasses to the east in San Joaquin County to provide a more direct Los Angeles-to-Sacramento route. Additionally, the region is also served by several passenger rail networks such as Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), Caltrain, the Altamont Commuter Express, and the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) Light Rail.

The area is also home to several ports, including the Port of Oakland, the fifth busiest container port in the United States,[11] and the Port of Stockton, a major inland deepwater port along the San Joaquin River. San Francisco International Airport (SFO) is the primary international airport of the region. Other airports with regular passenger service include Oakland International Airport (OAK) and San Jose International Airport (SJS), and to a lesser extent Sonoma County Airport (STS) and Stockton Metropolitan Airport (SCK).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas". United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "San Francisco Bay Area Vision Project". Focus. 
  3. ^ "The Association of Bay Area Governments". Association of Bay Area Governments. 
  4. ^ a b "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" (CSV). 2013 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Combined Statistical Area Totals Dataset: Population and Estimated Components of Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013" (CSV). 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "GCT-PH1 – Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – State — Place and (in selected states) County Subdivision". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Census 2010: Table 3A — Total Population by Race (Hispanic exclusive) and Hispanic or Latino: 2010" (Excel). California Department of Finance. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Corrections to 2010 Census Population and Housing Units Counts in the State of California" (PDF). California Department of Finance. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.bayareaeconomy.org/bay-area-fast-facts/
  10. ^ "Fortune 500 2010: Annual ranking of America's largest corporations from Fortune Magazine". CNN. Retrieved August 11, 2010. 
  11. ^ http://aapa.files.cms-plus.com/Statistics/NORTH%20AMERICA%20PORT%20CONTAINER%20TRAFFIC%20RANKING%202011.pdf

Coordinates: 37°30′N 122°00′W / 37.5°N 122°W / 37.5; -122