San Juan Island National Historical Park
|National Historical Park|
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
|Location||San Juan County, Washington, USA|
|Nearest city||Friday Harbor, Washington|
|Area||2,072 acres (839 ha)|
|Authorized||September 9, 1966|
|Visitors||266,717 (in 2011)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Designated:||November 5, 1961|
|Designated:||October 15, 1966|
San Juan Island National Historical Park, also known as American and English Camps, San Juan Island, is a U.S. National Historical Park owned and operated by the National Park Service on San Juan Island in the state of Washington. The park is made up of the sites of the British and U.S. Armies' camps during the Pig War. Both of these camps were set up in 1859 as response to a border dispute triggered by the killing of a pig. The camps were occupied for 12 years, until the Treaty of Washington was signed, negotiated by Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany. The British abandoned their camp in November 1872, while the American camp was disbanded in July 1874.
The park is divided into two parts; an American Camp where US soldiers were stationed, and a British Camp, where the British Royal Marines established a garrison. The British Camp is the only part of a US national park that commemorates a British military site and the only one that flies the British Union Flag.
- "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "The National Parks: Index 2009–2011". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19.
- "American and English Camps, San Juan Island". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "San Juan Island National Historical Park". Retrieved 2008-02-27.
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