San Juan Island National Historical Park

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For the National Monument, see San Juan Islands National Monument.
National Historical Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
San Juan Island NHP Eng Camp.JPG
British Camp
Map showing the location of National Historical Park
Map showing the location of National Historical Park
Location San Juan County, Washington, USA
Nearest city Friday Harbor, Washington
Coordinates 48°27′21″N 122°59′08″W / 48.45583°N 122.98556°W / 48.45583; -122.98556Coordinates: 48°27′21″N 122°59′08″W / 48.45583°N 122.98556°W / 48.45583; -122.98556
Area 2,072 acres (839 ha)[1]
Authorized September 9, 1966 (1966-Sept-09)[2]
Visitors 266,717 (in 2011)[3]
Governing body National Park Service
http://www.nps.gov/sajh/
Designated: November 5, 1961[4]
Designated: October 15, 1966
Reference No. 66000369[5]

San Juan Island National Historical Park, also known as American and English Camps, San Juan Island, is a U.S. National Historical Park owned and operated by the National Park Service on San Juan Island in the state of Washington. The park is made up of the sites of the British and U.S. Armies' camps during the Pig War. Both of these camps were set up in 1859 as response to a border dispute triggered by the killing of a pig. The camps were occupied for 12 years, until the Treaty of Washington was signed, negotiated by Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany. The British abandoned their camp in November 1872, while the American camp was disbanded in July 1874.[6]

The site was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961,[4] and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.[5]

The park is divided into two parts; an American Camp where US soldiers were stationed, and a British Camp, where the British Royal Marines established a garrison.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  2. ^ "The National Parks: Index 2009–2011". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  3. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-19. 
  4. ^ a b "American and English Camps, San Juan Island". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "San Juan Island National Historical Park". Retrieved 2008-02-27. 

External links[edit]