San Juan del Cesar

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San Juan del Cesar
Flag of San Juan del Cesar
Flag
Coat of arms of San Juan del Cesar
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality and town of San Juan del Cesar in La Guajira Department.
Location of the municipality and town of San Juan del Cesar in La Guajira Department.
Country Colombia
Region Caribbean
Department La Guajira
Foundation June 24, 1701 by Captain Salvador Felix Arias Pereira
Government
 • Mayor Moises Daza Mendoza (C)[1]
Area
 • Total 1,415 km2 (546 sq mi)
Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 25,587
  [2]

San Juan del Cesar is a municipality and town located in the La Guajira Department, Colombia.

Etymology[edit]

San Juan Bautista del Cesar name in English: John the Baptist and Chet-tzar or Sasare indigenous language for calm water, the name of the Cesar River.

History[edit]

The region San Juan del Cesar was inhabited by Arhuacos indigenous tribe, led during that time by a Cacique named "Marocazo". It was founded on June 24, 1701 by Captain Salvador Felix Arias Pereira with the name of Villa of San Juan Bautista, over Mount Yiyirigak by the Cesar River. Arias-Pereira was in a mission to "pacify" the indigenous tribes in rebellion; the Tupes, Coyaimas, Conopans and Marocazos.[3]

The Villa of San Juan immediately became a pass for people traveling between Valledupar and the port of Riohacha, back then an important commercial route flowing with cattle and agricultural products. The first church was built by Priest Gonzalo Suárez Oñate.

Geography[edit]

The municipality of San Juan del Cesar is located between the mountain ranges of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and the Serranía del Perijá by the Cesar River and close to the Ranchería River. It borders to the north with the municipality of Riohacha and Distracción, to the south with the municipalities of Villanueva, El Molino and the Cesar Department. To the east with the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, to the west again with the municipality of Riohacha, Dibulla and Cesar Department covering a total area of 1,415 km². The urban area of San Juan del Cesar covers 10% of this area; 141 km² and the rural area 90%; 1,274 km².

Climate[edit]

The average temperature is 27°C year round.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Neighborhoods[edit]

The municipality seat of San Juan del Cesar had in 2003 some 35 neighborhoods; Villa Corelca, Gran Colombia, Manzanares, El Centro, La Floresta, San Rafael, Regional, La Victoria, Juan Bautista Forero, Loma Fresca, Manzanillo, Paraíso de Betel, La Esperanza, 16 de Julio, Norte Félix Arias, 20 de Julio, Buenos Aires, El Prado, Las Delicias, Alpes, Enrique Brito, El Carmen, San Francisco, Juan Antonio Araujo, Rafael de Armas, Las Tunas I y II, Chiquinquirá, Villa Hermosa, Manuel Antonio Dávila, San Juan Bautista, Chapinero, Los Ángeles and Los Olivos.[3]

Corregimientos[edit]

  • Cañaverales
  • Caracolí
  • Corral de Piedras
  • El Totumo
  • Guayacanal
  • La Junta
  • La Peña
  • Los Haticos
  • Los Pondores
  • Villa del río

Centros Poblados[edit]

  • Boca del Monte
  • Corralejas
  • Curazao
  • El Hatico de los Indios
  • El Tablazo
  • La Peña de los Indios
  • Lagunita
  • Los Cardones
  • El Placer
  • Los Pozos
  • La Sierrita
  • Pondorito
  • Potrerito
  • Zambrano

Veredas[edit]

  • Boca del Monte
  • Copo de Nieve
  • Curazao
  • El Caney
  • El Capuchino
  • El Carmen
  • El Limón
  • El Machín
  • El Pital
  • El Placer
  • El Playón
  • El Voladorcito
  • Farias
  • La Loma del Potrero
  • Los Tamacos
  • Los Tunales
  • Piloncito
  • Sabana Grande
  • Sabanas de Joaquina
  • San Benito
  • Tocapalma
  • Torcuatopinto
  • Ulago

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°46′N 73°00′W / 10.767°N 73.000°W / 10.767; -73.000