San Juan del Puerto, Florida
|San Juan del Puerto|
Historical marker about the mission
|Location||Duval County, Florida, USA|
Florida Historic Site
Mission of San Juan del Puerto Archeological Site
|Nearest city||Jacksonville, Florida|
|Area||6.8 acres (2.8 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||86000595|
|Added to NRHP||March 25, 1986|
San Juan del Puerto was a Spanish Franciscan mission founded before 1587 on Fort George Island, near the mouth of the St. Johns River in what is now Jacksonville, Florida. It was founded to serve the Saturiwa, a Timucua tribe who lived around the mouth of the St. Johns. It has an important place in the study of the Timucua, as the place where Francisco Pareja undertook his work on the Timucua language.
The Saturiwa were one of the chiefdoms of the Mocama, the Timucua-speaking people who lived in the coastal areas of what is now northern Florida and southeastern Georgia. The Saturiwa were allied with the French of Fort Caroline, and were thus initially hostile to the Spanish, who ousted the French from Florida in 1565. However, they soon made peace with the Spanish, and Mission San Juan was founded near their main town on Fort George Island prior to 1587. This became one of the three principal missions in what the Spanish called the Mocama Province, together with San Pedro de Mocama (to the Tacatacuru) on Cumberland Island and Santa Maria de Sena between them on Amelia Island.
Father Francisco Pareja worked at this mission and San Pedro de Mocama. He devised a system of writing for Timucuan and taught some of the Mocama. In 1612 he printed a catechism in Spanish and Timucua, the first book printed in an indigenous language of the Americas.
After 1650, Guale refugees from the next chiefdom to the north along the Georgia coast were settled at the mission. The Spanish abandoned the mission around 1702, in part in response to raids from Native Americans and allied English colonists from South Carolina during Queen Anne's War.
- Ashley, Keith H. (2009). "Straddling the Florida-Georgia State Line: Ceramic Chronology of the St. Marys Region (AD 1400–1700)". In Kathleen Deagan and David Hurst Thomas, From Santa Elena to St. Augustine: Indigenous Ceramic Variability (A.D. 1400-1700), pp. 125–139. New York : American Museum of Natural History
- McEwan, Bonnie G., Ed. (1993) The Spanish Missions of La Florida. University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-1232-5 Pp. 98, 330.