San Juan del Río
|San Juan del Río|
Partial view of San Juan del Río (taken from "Cerro Gordo" hill).
|Municipality||San Juan del Río Municipality|
|• Municipal president||Fabián Pineda Morales (PRI)|
|• Total||799.9 km2 (308.8 sq mi)|
|• Total||120,984 (city); 208,462 (municipality)|
|GDP (per capita)||US$6.980,00
San Juan del Río is a city (2005 census pop. 120,984) and administrative seat of the surrounding San Juan del Río Municipality (pop. 208,462) in the central Mexican state of Querétaro. The population in July, 2007 is calculated in 128,270 for the city and 217,980 for the municipality.
The city and municipality both rank second in population in the state. The municipality has an area of 799.9 km2 (308.8 sq mi).
It is located on the country's central plateau (altiplano), 50 km (31 mi) south-east of state capital Santiago de Querétaro, at and an elevation of 1,922 metres (6,306 ft). Famous for its opals, mined at nearby La Trinidad, it is also an agricultural center (corn, wheat, sugarcane, beans, alfalfa, fruit, and livestock) and has some light industry. A number of wineries are also located in the vicinity.
The city was founded on the Feast of Saint John the Baptist June 24, 1531 by Fernado de Tapia, an Otomí chieftain that converted to Catholicism and dropped his Native name Conín. San Juan was one of the first Spanish settlements outside the Valley of Mexico and thus marked the beginning of the colonisation of Northern and Western Mexico, including the city of Querétaro which was founded one month later. The settlement became important since it was an obliged stop en route to the rich mining regions of Guanajuato, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosí.
- January 17: Feast of San Antonio (Blessing of the Animals)
- February 2: Day of the Candelaria (Blessing of the Seeds)
- March 1: Jesusito de la Portería
- March 3: Feast of the Holy Cross
- Around June 24: City Fair, Feast of Patron Saint Saint John the Baptist and Anniversary of the City's Foundation.
- November 22: Feast of Santa Cecilia
- December 11: Procession of the Farolitos
Entertainment in San Juan del Río
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Querétaro Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
- Gobierno Municipal de San Juan del Río Official website