San Luis Río Colorado

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San Luis Río Colorado
File-parroquiasn.jpg
Official seal of San Luis Río Colorado
Seal
San Luis Río Colorado is located in Mexico
San Luis Río Colorado
San Luis Río Colorado
Coordinates: 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250Coordinates: 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Sonora
Foundation 1907
Government
 • Type Ayuntamiento
 • Mayor Leonardo Guillen (PAN)
Elevation 51 m (167 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 159,089
 • Demonym San Luisino
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 653
Website http://www.sanluis.sonora.gob.mx

San Luis Río Colorado is a city and its surrounding municipality lying in the northwestern corner of the state of Sonora, Mexico.

Location[edit]

It is located at 32°28′36″N 114°45′45″W / 32.47667°N 114.76250°W / 32.47667; -114.76250, on the Colorado River, which at this point marks the state border with Baja California. It also stands on the international border with the United States, adjacent to San Luis, Arizona. In the 2010 census, the city had a population of 159,089 and its municipality had a population of 178,380. The city is the fourth-largest community in the state, and the municipality is also the fourth-largest. The municipality covers an area of 8,412.75 km² (3,248.2 sq mi) in the Sonoran Desert. It is located about 75 km from Mexicali.

History[edit]

Awarded city status in July 1958, San Luis Rio Colorado serves as the administrative center for the surrounding municipality of the same name. The city is located on a mesa, characterized by a flat and sandy terrain. On Easter Sunday 2010, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the region. The Sears department store and 5 schools were destroyed, affecting approximately 30,000 people in the region. San Luis Rio Colorado was once an important inland port for steamers traveling the Colorado from the Gulf of California. Since the early 1900s the Colorado has been completely or nearly completely drained for irrigation. The once-formidable Colorado is usually dry or a small stream.

San Luis Rio Colorado is home to four regional medium-wave radio broadcast stations, among them 1350 XELBL-AM, all of which are popular long-distance reception targets for medium wave DX radio enthusiasts.

Josse, a Mexican Latin beat singer recorded a song call "San Luis Rio Colorado" at memorial for the river.

Festivities[edit]

Fiestas del Desierto celebrates the culture, biodiversity, cuisine and sports of the Sonoran Desert Region. Dates for 2012 are 9–11 November. San Luis Rio Colorado has an intra-city economic exchange booth in the Annual Riverside County Fair and National Date Festival in Indio, California, USA.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

San Luis Río Colorado has a desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with hot summers and mild winters; it is one of the hottest and driest cities in Mexico. The record high temperature is 52.0 °C (125.6 °F), recorded on 25 June 1951.[1] The record low temperature is −6.5 °C (20.3 °F), recorded on 2 January 1950.[2]

Climate data for San Luis Río Colorado (Average and Records: 1951–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
35.0
(95)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
48.0
(118.4)
52.0
(125.6)
51.0
(123.8)
49.5
(121.1)
48.5
(119.3)
48.8
(119.8)
39.6
(103.3)
30.0
(86)
52.0
(125.6)
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
30.4
(86.7)
35.3
(95.5)
40.1
(104.2)
42.3
(108.1)
41.3
(106.3)
39.0
(102.2)
32.7
(90.9)
25.4
(77.7)
20.3
(68.5)
31.4
(88.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
17.8
(64)
21.2
(70.2)
25.6
(78.1)
30.3
(86.5)
33.9
(93)
33.4
(92.1)
30.6
(87.1)
23.9
(75)
17.2
(63)
13.1
(55.6)
22.95
(73.32)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.0
(44.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.0
(60.8)
20.5
(68.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
22.2
(72)
15.1
(59.2)
9.0
(48.2)
5.8
(42.4)
14.5
(58.1)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
0.0
(32)
2.5
(36.5)
5.0
(41)
7.5
(45.5)
14.0
(57.2)
13.5
(56.3)
11.0
(51.8)
2.3
(36.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 8.4
(0.331)
4.4
(0.173)
2.7
(0.106)
1.3
(0.051)
0.2
(0.008)
0.3
(0.012)
4.1
(0.161)
7.3
(0.287)
6.8
(0.268)
3.1
(0.122)
2.8
(0.11)
7.0
(0.276)
48.4
(1.905)
Avg. rainy days 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.9 6.4
Source: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Mexico's Meteorogical Service) [1]

Transportation[edit]

San Luis Río Colorado Airport is the general aviation airport serving this city. The nearest International airport to San Luis Rio Colorado is General Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada International Airport near Mexicali. San Luis Rio Colorado has highway connections to other parts of Mexico and the United States.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]