San Marcos, Guatemala
|Elevation||7,867 ft (2,398 m)|
1897 Quetzaltenango Revolt
On September 1897, after the failure of both the interoceanic railroad and the Central American Expo and the deep economic crisis that Guatemala was facing after the plummeting of both coffee and silver international prices, Quetzaltengo people raised in arms against the decision of present José María Reina Barrios to extend his presidential term until 1902.[a] A group of rebels, among them a former Secretary of Reina Barrios's cabinet -Próspero Morales-, began to combat on 7 September 1897 attacking San Marcos; after several battles and some gains, the rebels were definitely defeated on 4 October 1897. As a result, on 23 October 1897, San Pedro Sacatepéquez became the capital of San Marcos Department.
On 16 December 1935, during the presidency of general Jorge Ubico, it was annexed to San Pedro Sacatepéquez forming the municipality of La Unión San Marcos. However, this system did not work and La Unión San Marcos was broken apart on 20 July 1945, but San Pedro Sacatepéquez lost the capital of San Marcos Department to the municipality of San Marcos.
President general Jorge Ubico visit in 1940.
San Marcos is completely surrounded by municipalities of San Marcos Department:
||Tajumulco||Ixchiguán and Tejutla|
|San Pablo||Comitancillo, San Lorenzo and San Pedro Sacatepéquez|
|San Rafael Pie de la Cuesta||Esquipulas Palo Gordo and Nuevo Progreso||San Cristóbal Cucho|
Notes and references
- Back then, the Panama Canal had not been built yet and Reina Barrios had high hopes on getting international investors interested in the interoceanic railroad, which was the main event for the Central American Expo; unfortunately, due to the economic crisis, and bad budgeting, the government could not complete the railroad and after the failure of the Expo, it had to take drastic austerity measures, that included closing schools.
- La Ilustración del Pacífico (15 March 1898). "La revolución de septiembre". La Ilustración del Pacífico (in Spanish) (Guatemala: Siguere, Guirola y Cía) II (38): 206–208.
- Arévalo Martínez, Rafael (1945). ¡Ecce Pericles! (in Spanish). Guatemala: Tipografía Nacional.
- "Historia del municipio de San Marcos". Municipalidad de San Marcos (in Spansih). Archived from the original on 5 October 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Stadiums in Guatemala - World Stadiums
- SEGEPLAN. "Municipios del departamento de San Marcos". Secretaría General de Planificación (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 10 July 2015.