San Marcos, Texas
|San Marcos, Texas|
|— City —|
|Hays County Courthouse, in June 2010.|
|Nickname(s): San Marvelous|
|Country||United States of America|
|Counties||Caldwell, Guadalupe, Hays|
|• Mayor||Daniel Guerrero
|• City Manager||Jim Nuse|
|• Total||18.2 sq mi (47.4 km2)|
|• Land||18.2 sq mi (47.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||617 ft (188 m)|
|• Density||1,907.5/sq mi (736.4/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1375971|
San Marcos is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, and is the seat of Hays County. The city is located on the Interstate 35 corridor—between Austin and San Antonio. The population was 44,894 in 2010.
Founded on the banks of the San Marcos River, the area is considered to be among the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the Northern Hemisphere. San Marcos is home to Texas State University–San Marcos, and the Aquarena Center.
Archeologists have found evidence at the San Marcos River associated with the Clovis culture, which suggests that the river has been the site of human habitation for more than 10,000 years. The headwaters of the cool, clear river are the San Marcos Springs, fed by the Edwards Aquifer. The San Marcos Springs are the third largest collection of springs in Texas. Never in recorded history has the river run dry.
In 1689, Spaniard Alonso de Leon led an Camino Real (later known as the Old San Antonio Road), which followed present-day Hunter Road, Hopkins Street, and Aquarena Springs Drive (the route later shifted four miles to the south; it is now followed by County Road 266, known locally as Old Bastrop Highway). De Leon's party reached the river on April 25, the feast day of St. Mark the Evangelist; the river was thus named the San Marcos.
In 1755, San Francisco Xavier de Gigedo presidio and the missions San Francisco Xavier de Horcasitas, Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, and San Ildefonso were relocated from present-day Milam County to the San Marcos River at Mission San Francisco Xavier de los Dolores. Historians still debate whether the Spanish settlements were located at the San Marcos Springs or another location. In April 1808, a small group of Mexican families settled at the Old Bastrop Highway crossing of the river, and named the settlement Villa de San Marcos de Neve. The settlers were plagued by floods and Indian raids, and the settlement was abandoned in 1812.
In November 1846 the first Anglos settled in the vicinity of the San Marcos Springs. The Texas Legislature organized Hays County on March 1, 1848, and designated San Marcos as the county seat. In 1851 a town center was laid out about a mile southwest of the headwaters of the river. The town became a center for ginning and milling local agricultural products. The town's most notable founder and early settler was Gen. Edward Burleson, a hero of the Texas Revolution and former vice president of the Republic of Texas. Burleson built a dam on the upper reaches of the river in 1849. The dam powered several mills, including one within present-day Sewell Park.
In the decade following the arrival of the International-Great Northern Railroad in 1881, cattle and cotton provided the basis for the growth of San Marcos as a center for commerce and transportation.
In 1899, Southwest Texas State Normal School (now known as Texas State University-San Marcos) was established as a teacher's college to meet demand for public school teachers in Texas. In 1907 the private San Marcos Baptist Academy was established, furthering education as an important industry for the town. The demands of World War II forced the town's industry to diversify, and with the emergence of a manufacturing and light industrial sector the town began to experience growth.
In the late 1940s, former Hollywood director Shadrack Graham produced a documentary about daily life in San Marcos as part of his “Our Home Town” series of films that encouraged commerce and civic activity in small communities. The film highlights several local businesses from the era, including Smith's Flowers, Waldrin's Cleaners, Lack's Furniture, and the Palace Movie Theater.
In the 1960s, with the establishment of Aquarena Springs and Wonder World as attractions, the tourist industry became a growing part of the city's economy. By the 1960s what was then named Southwest Texas State University had grown into an important regional institution, and when coupled with the creation of Gary Job Corps Training Center in 1965, education became the largest industry in San Marcos. The remarkable growth explosion of Austin further allowed San Marcos to prosper.
By 1973, San Marcos and Hays County had joined the Austin Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. By that year the city's population had grown to 25,000 citizens, along with an additional Southwest Texas State University student body of 20,000.
By 1990, the city's population had grown to 28,743 and by 2000 it reached 34,733,and the university now known as Texas State University, boasted a student body of 28,121.
San Marcos is located in an area locally referred to as Central Texas. This is 29 miles southwest of Austin and 47 miles northeast of San Antonio. Interstate 35 is the main highway through the city. The city is situated on the Balcones Fault, the boundary between the Hill Country and the Coastal Plains. Along the fault, many springs have popped up, such as the source of the San Marcos River, a notable water feature. The eastern part of the city is blackland prairie suitable for farming; the western part consists of grassy rolling hills often marked with cacti.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.3 square miles (47.4 km2).Land constitutes 18.2 square miles (47.2 km2), and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) of it (0.60%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, the population was 44,894 people in the city. In the year 2000 there were 34,733 people, 12,660 households, and 5,380 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,907.5 people per square mile, (736.4/km2) in 2000. There were 13,340 housing units at an average density of 732.6 per square mile (282.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.55% White, 5.53% African American, 0.65% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 17.03% from other races, and 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.50% of the population.
There were 12,660 households out of which 19.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.9% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 57.5% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 15.4% under the age of 18, 41.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 10.7% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,809, and the median income for a family was $37,113. Males had a median income of $25,400 versus $22,953 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,468. About 13.8% of families and 28.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.
San Marcos River 
The San Marcos River rises from the San Marcos Springs. The springs are home to several threatened or endangered species, including the Texas Blind Salamander, Fountain Darter, and Texas Wild Rice. The river is a popular recreational area, and is frequented for tubing, canoeing, swimming, and fishing.
The river begins at San Marcos Springs, rising from the Edwards Aquifer into Spring Lake. Access to much of the headwaters is restricted due to the delicate ecosystem and numerous rare species. The upper river flows through Texas State University and San Marcos, and is a popular recreational area. It is joined by the Blanco River after four miles, passes through Luling and near Gonzales flows into the Guadalupe River after a total of 75 miles (121 km). This course is the first section of the Texas Water Safari.
The Square 
San Marcos's town center was laid out in 1851. The square was recently the focus of a multi-million dollar restoration project. It is also one of the primary sources of entertainment for Texas State students.
In addition to Texas State University–San Marcos and the San Marcos Baptist Academy, San Marcos is served by the San Marcos Consolidated Independent School District. Gary Job Corps Center is located a few miles east of the center of town.
Notable people 
- Lyndon Baines Johnson was educated at Texas State University, then called the Southwest Texas State Teachers College. Many landmarks on campus and around town are named for him, including a main thoroughfare, a student center, a statue, and a museum.
- Jazz music great Eddie Durham (1906–1987), contributing composer to Glenn Miller's classic, "In The Mood," was from San Marcos where an annual jazz festival is held in his honor.
- The popular rock band Blue October is from San Marcos.
- Olympic gold medal winning high jumper Charles Austin lives in San Marcos and attended Texas State University.
- The Traits/aka Roy Head and The Traits were originally six San Marcos High School students who would later become a Rockabilly Hall of Fame band by writing and recording several hit songs in the country-rock and rhythm and blues genres during the late 1950s through the mid-1960s, including their 1959 cover song "One More Time" and the #2 nationally ranked song in 1965, Treat Her Right (song). The Traits were originally composed of Roy Head (SMHS 1959), Tommy Bolton (SMHS 1959, 1941–2003), Gerry Gibson (SMHS 1959), Dan Buie (SMHS 1960), Clyde Causey (SMHS 1958) and Bill Pennington (SMHS 1960).
- Country music star George Strait graduated from Southwest Texas State University in 1979. A club (George's) located in the basement of the LBJ Student Center is named in his honor.
- Grammy Award-winning folk singer-songwriter Terri Hendrix is based in San Marcos.
- Roger Boylan, novelist and critic, lives in San Marcos.
- Tino Villanueva, distinguished poet, editor, critic, university professor and Chicano painter was born in San Marcos.
- Ty Detmer, a Heisman-winning quarterback from Brigham Young University was born in San Marcos.
- Horror author Scott A. Johnson received his Bachelors Degree from Texas State University, then called Southwest Texas State University, in 2002.
- San Marcos police officer and rescue-recovery diver Daniel Misiaszek  founded the San Marcos Area Recovery Team (SMART)  in 1988 and set a World Record for the longest scuba dive in open water of 60 hours and 24 minutes on September 3, 2001. Misiaszek authored "Hardened Hearts" detailing 30 years of public safety service.
- San Marcos native Taryn Davis, founded "The American Widow Project", after husband CPL Michael Davis was killed in action in the Iraq War on 21 May 2007. The group is dedicated to preserving the memories of soldiers through military widows & widowers in sharing tears, laughter, and memories of their loved ones.
- Post-rock band This Will Destroy You is based in San Marcos.
- Noted Chicago-based improvisational comedian Cameron Goldapp was born and raised in San Marcos, TX.
- Actor Powers Boothe is also a Graduate of Texas State University. (Then southwest Texas State University)
- True Women character Martha Benny Lawshe lived in San Marcos and was an active member of First Baptist Church (NBC).
- Texas Country singers Randy Rogers, Ryan Beaver, and Paul Eason all attended Texas State University
- Charles Barsotti cartoonist for The New Yorker was born in San Marcos and is a graduate of Texas State University
- Ray William Johnson, a YouTube comedian. Raised in San Marcos, TX.
- "2007 State of the City Address" (Press release). Mayor Susan Narvaiz. 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Preserve America Community: San Marcos, Texas.
- San Marcos Historic Downtown National Register District, "San Marcos--A Brief History".
- Aquarena Center : Texas State University.
- Convention & Visitor Bureau: San Marcos, Texas Retrieved on 2008-02-23.
- Spanish Colonial Missions, Villas (towns) and Presidios (forts) Along the Camino Real: starting in Mexico Retrieved on 2008-12-16.
- About Us - San Marcos Baptist Academy.
- Shadrack Graham (c. 1949). "Our Home Town". Texas Archive of the Moving Image. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- History : Aquarena Center : Texas State University.
- Wonder World Park Attractions.
- Handbook of Texas Online - TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY-SAN MARCOS.
- Gary Job Corps Center-History.
- Handbook of Texas Online - SAN MARCOS, TX.
- Handbook of Texas Online - HAYS COUNTY.
- About Texas State : Texas State University.
- "Best Places to Raise Your Kids: 2010: Best Place to Raise Your Kids: Texas - BusinessWeek". Images.businessweek.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- Points of Pride : Texas State University.
- LBJ statue returns to campus : University News Service : Texas State University.
- San Marcos Historic Downtown National Register District.
- Campus : Dean of Students : Texas State University.
- LBJ Museum of San Marcos History.
- "The History of Jazz Music. Eddie Durham: biography, discography, review, links". Scaruffi.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- [dead link]
- The San Marcos Daily Record, 11/18/2004, p. 8A, Alumni Events.
- Mitch Albom (2007-05-21). "Our Staff". Americanwidowproject.org. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
- "Col. Benjamin Hawkins of Bute Co., NC and Crawford Co., GA - Senator, Indian Agent". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
Further reading 
- Rowe Ray, Karen Ray, Johnnie Armstead, Dan Buie, Bill Cunningham, Yolanda Fuentes Espinoza, Ollie Giles, Jim Green, Dick Henderson, Troy Kimmel, Deborah Lane, Al Lowman, Aart Millecam, Josh Millecam, Harvey Miller, Juan Palomo, Kim Porterfield, Ronda Reagan, Hill Rylander, Barry Warren, Virginia Witte (2001-03-01). "Celebrate San Marcos 150!" (PDF). In Diana Finlay, Carl Deal, Melissa Millecam, Pat Murdock. The San Marcos Daily Record, The Hays Free Press, The City of San Marcos. Bob Barton, Jr., Chuck Williams. Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2012-09-20.
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- City of San Marcos
- http://www.ci.san-marcos.tx.us/departments/library/index.html/ San Marcos Public Library
- Welcome to San Marcos - A Visitor's Guide
- Economic Development San Marcos
- San Marcos from the Handbook of Texas Online
- San Marcos Area Chamber of Commerce
- Texas State University - San Marcos
- San Marcos Convention and Visitor Bureau
- 78666.com - Guide to San Marcos, Texas
- Visit San Marcos - The San Marcos Hospitality Association
- San Marcos, Texas: Home of Southwest Texas State University, Katherine Ann Porter Childhood home
- Hays County... San Marcos, TEXAS
- Summer in San Marcos - About.com
- San Marcos Historical Preservation