San Martín, Mendoza
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|Founded||December 20, 1816|
|Founded by||Jorge Omar Giminez|
|• Total||1,504 km2 (581 sq mi)|
|Elevation||770 m (2,530 ft)|
|• Density||590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||ART (UTC-3)|
|Dialing code||+54 02623|
San Martín is a city in the north-center part of the Mendoza Province in Argentina. It is the capital of the San Martín Department and constitutes, with Palmira and La Colonia, the third-largest metropolitan area in the province.
The first San Martín inhabitants were the Huarpe Milkayak people. The territory was governed by the tribal chief called Pallamay until 1563, when the first Europeans under the command of the Captain Pedro Moyano Cornejo, arrived to the area.
The city was known as Rodeo de Moyano or, alternatively, as La Reducción (Spanish: The Reduction); but its name was changed to Villa Los Barriales in 1816, when it was included in the Corocorto Priesthood of Mendoza Province and officially established by the Governor of Mendoza, Toribio de Luzuriaga.
San Martín came into prominence in the war of the Argentine independence period, when José de San Martín received an extensive land grant in the area to take advantage of agriculture and help the Chilean army of Bernardo O'Higgins in an effort to prevent new Spanish invasions from Chile to Argentina. In 1823, the governor Pedro Molina changed the name of the city yet again in homage to the Argentine general José de San Martín, who, besides his inestimable historical role, contributed many innovations to the local farming sector and in viticulture, particularly.
In 1885, the first railway arrived in San Martin, uniting Buenos Aires with Mendoza and Chile. This development brought many Italian immigrants to the area from Buenos Aires; during the 1950s and '60s, National Route 7 was built between Buenos Aires and Mendoza Province, converting the city into an important distribution center along the most important highway between Buenos Aires and Santiago, Chile.
Palmira and his quest to become Autonomous Municipality
The district with the highest density of San Martin claims its independence and now has more than 12,000 signatures that support such an initiative. This is not the first time that jarilleros want their city to be declared department. The first initiatives date back to 1928, even to the Senate in 1990, but at that time did not reach a majority. Palmira were seriously damaged during the 90's with factory closures very important to the area and currently there is no economic activity involving livelihood, has declined both economically and socially, and now has more people than several departments. It would be a way reimpulsarlo, to separate it from San Martin can manage your budget and decide that prioritize public works. San Martin is saturated and this would be a way of letting descongestionarlo meet the demands of 40,000 inhabitants.From 2011 began circulating forms of adhesion to the proposal, making it about 30% of the population manifest their conformity with the project. And now it seems to take more force, and that began to appear in the posters and banners and even began organizing festivals and shows promoting palmirense longing. Why could become department? From the "Department Palmira Organizing Committee," its president Carlos Chacon, said "we have very solid foundations and the conviction that the initiative will pass, many years of fighting for this project. We administrate ourselves, choose our authorities, because today is not even a requirement that the municipal delegate living in Palmira ", and apparently those are not the only reasons: According to the National Census 2010, Palmyra has more people than departments santa Rosa, La Paz, Malargüe, Lavalle, Tupungato and San Carlos, and even almost equated with the department of Junín. The Provincial Constitution states in Article 208 that "the Legislature of the Province, may increase the number of municipalities, subdividing the departments, when required by the needs of the population with a majority of members of which each house." Besides projecting positive opinions of the Provincial Institute of Mendoza and Public Law Research Centre and Land Management Training (CIFOT) of the National University of Cuyo, who gave the nod to the initiative, said the organizing committee. So far, more than 12,000 signatures from neighbors endorse the project.
- San Martín was the first city in South America named in homage to José de San Martín.