San Martín de Hidalgo

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San Martín de Hidalgo
Town
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Official seal of San Martín de Hidalgo
Seal
Coat of arms of San Martín de Hidalgo
Coat of arms
Motto: Piensa, progresa
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San Martín de Hidalgo
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°26′06″N 103°55′43″W / 20.43500°N 103.92861°W / 20.43500; -103.92861Coordinates: 20°26′06″N 103°55′43″W / 20.43500°N 103.92861°W / 20.43500; -103.92861
Country  Mexico
State  Jalisco
Region Valles
Municipality San Martín de Hidalgo
Founded 1540
Government
 • Mayor Juana Ceballos Guzmán (PRI-PVEM)
Elevation 1,309 m (4,295 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Town 8,092
 • Urban 10,337
Demonym Sanmartínense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

San Martín de Hidalgo, formerly San Martín de la Cal, is the largest town and municipal seat of San Martín de Hidalgo Municipality, in Jalisco in central-western Mexico. As of 2010, the town had a population of 8,092.[1] It is located 10 miles southeast of the city of Ameca and 8 miles northwest of the city of Cocula.

Tourism in San Martín de Hidalgo mainly relies on either architecture, hiking, or gastronomy.

Toponomy[edit]

During the Pre-Columbian era, the town's name was Huitzquilic, which is the Nahuatl word meaning "place of thistles".

History[edit]

In 1480, the Coca, Purépecha, and Tepenahuales people settled in Huitzquilic.[2] Under the leadership of Amecatl, present day Ameca, Jalisco, Huitzquilic was ruled by Huitzingarit. The Spanish discovered the town in 1540, during their arrival. The Spanish conquistadors baptized Huitzingarit, the leader, giving him the name of "Martín Santiago Huitzingarit".[2] Because of Huitzingarit's humbleness, the conquistadors awarded him with a plot of land and the title of captain.

Plaza de Armas

Since being the chief of his town, Huitzingarit's baptismal name was the basis for the new name of the new Spanish settlement, San Martín. The town was later known as "San Martín de la Cal",[2] because of the area's abundance in lime. By 1823, the town is mentioned as a free municipality. It was not until 1883, that "San Martín de la Cal" is changed to "San Martín de Hidalgo", in honor of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla "the father of the nation".[2]

Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico, visited San Martín de Hidalgo during the Mexican Revolution in 1916.[2]

Tourism[edit]

San Martín de Hidalgo is notable for the following touristic attractions and natural features.

La Conchita

Architecture[edit]

  • La Capilla de la Concepción, also known as La Conchita, was first utilized as a hospital for the Tepenahuales of the area in the mid-1500s. It is the oldest standing building in the town, the Capilla faces the principal cathedral.
  • La Parroquia de San Martín de Tours was built along with the "portales" and the "Plaza de Armas" in 1883, when the town was ranked as a free municipality.
  • Templo del Calvario a church in the southern part of the town.
  • Los Portales are a collection of two elongated buildings that display arched columned porches on their facades. On the portales, many businesses including shops and restaurants are located. The western portal is sometimes referred to as Portal Zaragoza.
  • La Gran Tenoxititlán a grocery store that bears a dignified Neoclassical style that was popular during the 1800s.

Geography[edit]

  • Sierra de Quila a large government-protected forest that contains Oak, Pine, and Redwood trees. The towns of Mesa del Cobre, El Cobre, and Lagunillas neighbor the breath-taking forest.
  • Presa del Guaje a dam near the municipal seat. It is perhaps the largest dam in the municipality, if not the region.
  • Presa San Jerónimo newly built dam inaugurated by the state's governor, it is located in the southwestern part of the municipality.

In popular culture[edit]

  • In 2006, Meza Video Productions filmed the video San Martin de Hidalgo for their "Videos de Mexico" series.[3] The direct-to-video movie revolved around the sightseeing in the town as well as residents' interviews about the locale. It was released on DVD the same year.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1900 3,243 —    
1960 5,242 +61.6%
1970 6,106 +16.5%
1980 5,777 −5.4%
1990 6,858 +18.7%
1995 7,060 +2.9%
2000 7,464 +5.7%
2005 7,001 −6.2%
2010 8,092 +15.6%
Source: Censo 1900 Sedeur City Population

2010[edit]

According to the 2010 Censo General de Población y Vivienda, San Martín de Hidalgo had a population of 8,092 inhabitants, of which 3,907 were male and 4,185 were female.[4] There were 2,205 inhabited houses.[4]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]