San Mateo, Rizal

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San Mateo
Municipality
Welcome facade of San Mateo at Nangka Bridge
Welcome facade of San Mateo at Nangka Bridge
Flag of San Mateo
Flag
Official seal of San Mateo
Seal
Nickname(s): Mountain Biking Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "San Mateo, Bayan Ko, Mahal Ko"
(San Mateo, My Town, My Love)
Map of Rizal showing the location of San Mateo
Map of Rizal showing the location of San Mateo
San Mateo is located in Philippines
San Mateo
San Mateo
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°43′N 121°07′E / 14.717°N 121.117°E / 14.717; 121.117Coordinates: 14°43′N 121°07′E / 14.717°N 121.117°E / 14.717; 121.117
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Rizal
District 2nd District of Rizal
Founded February 29, 1908
Barangays 15
Government[1]
 • Mayor Jose Rafael E. Diaz
Area[2]
 • Total 55.09 km2 (21.27 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 205,255
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 1850
Dialing code 2
Income class 1st
Website www.sanmateo.gov.ph
E. De Los Santos Street

San Mateo (Filipino: Bayan ng San Mateo) is a first class urban municipality in Rizal Province, Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, San Mateo is one of 13 municipalities and a capital city that make up the Province of Rizal. It is also part of the Metro Luzon Urban Beltway, that is composed of Region 3, Region 4-A (CALABARZON) and the nearby National Capital Region (NCR).

San Mateo is located along the western border of Rizal Province, it is bordered on the west by Quezon City, to the south by Marikina City and Antipolo City, the capital of Rizal Province, and to the north by Rodriguez (Montalban) also in Rizal province. It is approximately 24 kilometres (15 mi) away from Manila and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) north of Pasig City, the former town capital of Rizal.

According to the 2010 Philippine census, San Mateo has population of 205,255 inhabitants, or 8.26% of the total population of Rizal.[3] Conurbated to the urban agglomeration of the Greater Manila Area, San Mateo is one of the fastest growing municipalities in Rizal Province, according to the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) and the Provincial Government of Rizal.

Geography[edit]

The town lies in the Marikina Valley. The Marikina River runs through the western portion of the municipality, while Nangka River runs through the south, bounded by Marikina City. San Mateo has lush trees in other high areas.

The municipality has many spacious parks, tree-lined streets and roads, and industrial zones. Most of the municipality is composed of residential areas, whereas the eastern side is composed of high plateaus and foothills of the Sierra Madre Mountains.

Barangays[edit]

There are 15 barangays in San Mateo.[2]

Barangay Area (km²) Population
(2010 census)[3]
Population density
(/km²)
Ampid 1
1.316
27,365
20,794.07
Ampid 2
0.245
3,685
15,040.82
Banaba
1.382
21,553
15,595.51
Dulong Bayan 1
0.5879
5,030
8,555.88
Dulong Bayan 2
4.3
6,837
1,590
Guinayang
2.73
7,167
2,625.27
Guitnang Bayan 1
4.12
24,707
5,996.84
Guitnang Bayan 2
6.14
13,680
2,228.01
Gulod Malaya
1.394
8,564
6,143.47
Malanday
3.53
13,544
3,836.83
Maly
5.65
14,905
2,638.05
Pintong Bukawe
7.53
4,080
541.83
Sta. Ana
0.8
9,176
11,470
Sto. Niño
0.8711
11,020
12,650.67
Silangan
7.655
33,942
4,433.96
San Mateo 48.251 205,255 4,253.90

History[edit]

In his book Conquistas de las Islas Filipinas, Father Gaspar de San Agustin records the Municipality of San Mateo in 1572 as a town annexed to Pasig. He described the inhabitants as "fierce but friendly and of quiet disposition." Father Juan de Medina, in his account Relacion de los Con ventos Y Pueblos Fundados por los PP. Agustinos, likewise put 1572 as the year the Parish of San Mateo was established. However according to Miguel López de Legazpi, the first Spanish Governor in the Philippines (1571 to 1572), it was Juan de Salcedo, his nephew who discovered the site of present-day San Mateo during one of his expeditions to Manila from Cebu. Accounts say that two years before he came to Manila from Cebu, Legazpi sent Salcedo along with 150 soldiers to prepare the inauguration of the City of Manila. It must have been Salcedo who discovered the town before Legazpi inaugurated Manila on June 24, 1571.

Still, another account was that of Father Cavada, an Augustinian priest, who said that the first chapel in the country, having the Patron Saint Matthew was built by the riverside in 1596 south of the present Poblacion of San Mateo which was then only a Barrio of Tondo. Saint Matthew thus gave to the town its name when the chapel was set up during his feast day.

What may be gleaned from the above accounts somehow is that San Mateo was discovered sometime in 1571, while it was in 1596 when it acquired its first church. It may be true, too, that the Parish of San Mateo was set up in 1572.

Aside from the controversy over the date of its discovery or creation, there is also uncertainty as to how San Mateo acquired its name. According to one account, when the Spaniards made a reconnaissance of Manila's environs, they came upon the San Mateo flood plains and became enamored by the natural beauty of the place. They decided to establish a community in the place and one day, a Spanish scribe happened to stand on a mound with a book on one hand and a pen on the other. His statue-like pose prompted a companion to laugh and comment, "Muy" friend, the way you are now makes you look like Saint Matthew, referring of course to the usual way the evangelist saint is depicted in his statues. In the midst of their banter and merriment, they decided to call the place they discovered ‘San Mateo’.

Another account says that the Municipality of San Mateo was so called because of its geographical resemblance to another town in Spain with the same name. As described by Paluzie in a geographical book, this small Spanish town was near a high mountain (and) has a river that flows in its center which often floods but quickly recedes. this town is also a grazing ground for big animals and a fishing village. San Mateo is traversed by the Maly and Nangka rivers and its flood plains may have been a lush grazing area then.

The Augustinian priests in San Mateo were later formally replaced (in 1689) by the Jesuits who as early as 1637 included San Mateo as one of their missions, with the missions of San Isidro and Paynaan under it. The Jesuit Order brought with them an image of the Virgin Mary which came from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain. The Jesuits were the ones responsible for building the church now located in the Poblacion since the original chapel set up by the Augustinians beside the river was destroyed during a flood. The location of the present church is in Barangay Sta. Ana and its patron saint is the Virgin Mary of Aranzazu. The original images of Saint Matthew which was housed in the old Augustinian chapel has been transferred to Barangay Dulongbayan (formerly llaya) and is now the patron saint of the Barangay and whose feast day is always celebrated on September 21.

Over the centuries, San Mateo has had a colorful and distinguished history. In 1639, a pitched battle ensued between Chinese rebels, on one hand and Spanish and native troops, on the other. The Chinese were defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre Mountains, but not before burning the town and its church.

On May 16, 1687, the territory and convent of San Mateo were added to Pasig by the Augustinians, with the headquarters and residences of the missionary at Mariquina (Marikina). Two years later, the Agustinians handed over the ecclesiastical administration of San Mateo to the Jesuits. In 1699, the convent of St. Augustine won in a court case against the native inhabitants with regard to a claim over a ranch in the district of San Mateo.

From 1696 to 1746, the town residents rebelled against the Spanish authority in the municipality. They were forced to go to the mountains and abandon the lowland settlement. However, in 1746, the townspeople returned to the lowlands after having been wooed and persuaded by the[Jesuit priests.

The independent-mindedness of the San Mateo people showed itself again in the 15-year period from 1751 to 1765 when the natives rebelled against Spanish governance. The residents were ordered to surrender their weapons, but they refused. With this resistance, the Spanish government was forced to reduce the town to ruins.

In 1712, the Conde de Lizarriaga, the Governor of the Islands, sent Captain Don Lorenzo de Yturriaga together with 12 soldiers to punish Captain Pambila, a native chieftain who was reportedly inciting the residents to revolt against the Spanish government and the local Spanish priest. Captain Pambila attacked the Spanish officer, but the latter was able to parry the blow and shot the native leader dead.

Doctrina Christiana

San Mateo with its large size was dismembered on April 27, 1871 when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and formed them into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez).

During the Spanish Period, there was only one public school in San Mateo and the educational advancement of the youth was very slow. There were very few feathers and the books used were limited to the religious tracts called Eaton, Camia, Castiana and Doctrina Christiana After knowing how to read, most students quit school while a few who were wealthy enrolled in the friar schools in Manila.

General Aguinaldo

In November 1896, during the revolution against Spain, General Llanera of the Filipino forces made San Mateo his headquarters. And on August 6, 1898, San Mateo joined the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. During the Philippine–American War, Gen. Licerio Gerónimo's guerrilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban attacked the American troops in October 1900. However, the Filipinos were defeated. A curious twist of history occurred when during the fighting, Gen. Lawton—the famous general who captured the elusive Indian rebel named Geronimo, among his exploits—was also killed by the forces of a Filipino bearing the same name—Gen. Licerio Gerónimo. In the eyes of the Filipino people, Gen. Geronimo became a great man for killing an illustrious American General who distinguished himself during the American Civil War and the American military campaign in Cuba as well as In northern, southern and central Luzon.

During the American Occupation. Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission incorporated San Mateo into the newly created Province of Rizal on June 11, 1901. In line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance, the Philippine Commission enacted Act No. 942 in 1903 which consolidated the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban, with the former serving as seat of government. On February 29, 1908, Executive Order No. 20 separated San Mateo from Montalban, making the former an independent municipality. Its real divisions then included the barrios of Ampid, Sta Ana, Guitnangbayan, Dulongbayan, Malanday, Guinayang and Maly. However, due to constant development of the rural areas and the increase in population, the barrios of Guitnangbayan and Dulongbayan were divided into two sections.

With regard to education, it was in 1909 during the American Period when public schools were opened in the country under the supervision of Dr. David Burrows. San Mateo became one of the recipients of the benefits of the new democratized system of education when Mr. Frank Green was assigned to the town as the first school supervisor who was assisted by two Filipino teachers, namely, Jose Bernabe and Miguel Cristi. The English language was also taught in the public school. Transportation and other facilities in the municipality were increased and repaired thus resulting to more communication and exchange of goods and services.

During the Japanese Occupation, the Japanese Army occupied San Mateo, but no battle transpired between the Japanese and Filipino forces. There were only minor encounters between the Japanese soldiers and members of the Filipino guerrilla forces. Nevertheless, some prominent residents of the town were killed and maltreated by the Japanese military on suspicion that they were either members or supporters of guerillas.

Upon their arrival in the municipality, the Japanese forces recommended the appropriation of school buildings and some big houses and used them as their headquarters. Productive rice lands irrigated by water from the main pipe of the Metropolitan Water District have also been forcibly appropriated and tilled under the direct supervision of the Japanese officials. Livestock and crops were likewise confiscated to supply the food needs of the Japanese military in San Mateo and Montalban.

When the American forces landed in the north of Manila on February 3, 1945 and started recapturing the surrounding areas, San Mateo came under the line of fire of the U.S. Forces was continued by helped to the Filipino soldiers and guerrilla fighters. Residents were advised by the Air Raid Warden to vacate the Poblacion and seek refuge in Sitio Kalamyong on the west bank of the Marikina River. There they built temporary shelters while the U.S. Army Air Forces bombarded the Japanese Headquarters in Montalban everyday. However, one afternoon a lamentable thing happened when a bomb carried by one American Air Force plane was accidentally released over the evacuation area at Sitio Kalamyong. About one hundred civilians died from the accidental bomb explosion.

Although in the aftermath of the war the American Government compensated the people of San Mateo for the war damages they sustained, there were cases when the amounts received were not considered commensurate with the sufferings endured. When municipal governance was instituted by the Spaniards in San Mateo in 1799, the town was governed by a Gobernadorcillo who served for one year and exercised the power to appoint the Cabeza de Barangay for the same term of one year. However, there were instances when the Governadorcillo served for two or three years. The first resident appointed to the post of Governadorcillo in 1799 was Donato Sulit while the last one to hold the post in 1895 was Ismael Amado, Jr. who incidentally continued serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.

Republic Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission incorporated this town into the newly created Rizal Province on 11 June 1901. In 1903, the Philippine Commission "in line with the policy of economy and centralization" as opposed to today's policy of decentralization enacted Act No. 942 which consolidated the Municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban, with the seat of government at San Mateo. Executive Order No. 20, dated February 29, 1908 separated Montalban from San Mateo, thus formalizing the latter's status as an independent municipality.

Timeline[edit]

Date/Year Milestone
1571–1572
San Mateo was discovered as a town annexed to Pasig.
1639
A pitched battle rages between Chinese rebels on one hand, and between Spanish and native troops on the other. The Chinese were defeated and retreated east to the Sierra Madre mountain range.
May 16, 1687
The territory and convent of San Mateo are added to Pasig by the Augustinians.
1689
Jesuit priests formally replace the Augustinian priests who have evangelical mission in San Mateo as early as 1637. They have brought the image of the Virgin Mary that comes from the town of Aranzazu, Nueva Vizcaya, Spain.
1705
Fr. Juan Echazabal, a Jesuit priest starts the devotion to our Lady of Aranzazu from Spain and changes the patron of the town from St. Matthew to Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu.
1799
Donato Sulit is appointed as the first resident Gobernadorcillo of San Mateo.
April 27, 1871
San Mateo initially with its large size is dismembered when Captain General Isquierdo issued a decree separating the barrios of Balite, Burgos, Marang and Calipahan from San Mateo and these are formed into the new municipality of Montalban (Rodriguez).
1895
Ismael Amado, Jr. presides over San Mateo as its last Governadorcillo. He incidentally continues serving up to 1905 even after the establishment of the Civil Government under the American Regime in 1901 when he was appointed Kapitan Municipal by the Military Governor of the United States Army Department.
November 1896
General Llanera of the Filipino forces make San Mateo his headquarters during the revolution against the Spanish oppressors.
August 6, 1898
San Mateo joins the revolutionary government of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.
October 1900
Gen. Licerio Gerónimo's guerrilla bands from the foothills of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez) attack the American troops during the Philippine–American War.
June 11, 1901
San Mateo is incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal through the Philippine Commission Act No. 137 during the American Occupation.
1903
Act No. 942 of the Philippine Commission enacts the consolidation of the municipalities of San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez) with San Mateo serving as the seat of government in line with its policy of fiscal economy and centralized governance.
1906
Lucas Santiago serves San Mateo as its first mayor.
February 29, 1908
San Mateo becomes an independent municipality under Executive Order No. 20 which separates San Mateo and Montalban (Rodriguez).
June 25, 1983
The Catholic Church of San Mateo began to be comprised by the newly established Roman Catholic Diocese of Antipolo.
1996
San Mateo rises from being a fourth class municipality in 1993 to a first class municipality under the term (1992–2001) of Former Mayor Crispin "Amo" Santos.
1997–1999
San Mateo is awarded the title of "The Cleanest and Greenest Municipality" of Rizal.
October 2003
Construction began on Timberland Heights, a premier mountain resort town, initially offering Mandala Residential Farm Estates 1.[4] It is nestled in the mountains of San Mateo.
February 2004
The Parish of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu is proclaimed as a Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu by the Vatican, being the only church in the Philippines under the title of Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu and only sister-parish of the Basilica of Aranzazu in Spain.
June 2004
The Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu is canonically erected.
2007
San Mateo's population exceeded 150,000.
August 11, 2007
Budgetlane Sulitmarket, a member of Philippine Amalgamated Supermarkets Association Incorporated (PAGASA Inc.), opened to the public.
September 2008
San Mateo achieved the record of "longest parade of kakanin" in its history.
December 19, 2008
Puregold Price Club opened in San Mateo along the intersection of Gen. Luna Avenue and Batasan-San Mateo Road.
September 26, 2009
San Mateo was devastated by Typhoon Ondoy. 80% of San Mateo was submerged in muddy water.
September 27, 2011
Typhoon Pedring dumped heavy rains like Ondoy over Luzon including Metro Manila and nearby provinces. The flood submerged houses in several barangays of Marikina City and San Mateo, including Sta. Ana, Banaba, Ampid 1, and Ampid 2. In San Mateo, there is one death. On 29 September 2011, the waters subsided in the banks of the Marikina river and the residents started to clean.

Demographics[edit]

San Mateo Municipal Hall
Population census of San Mateo
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 82,310 —    
1995 99,217 +3.56%
2000 135,603 +6.93%
2007 184,860 +4.37%
2010 205,255 +3.88%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Industries[edit]

The industrial establishments found in San Mateo are classified as light to medium industries. Welding shops and motor pool are among the predominant industries found within the municipality. Other industrial establishments are relatively small scale, like leather craft and kiskisan. Moreover, agri-business establishments which include poultry and piggery do exist within the municipality.

Manufactures[edit]

Various products are being manufactured in San Mateo. In fact, a group of different factories is found along Kambal Road, Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This includes San Mateo Rubber Corp. (Nikon and Durawalk Slippers), Jolly Food Corp., First Win Corp. (Slippers), and Golden Union Footwear Inc. (Evans Shoes). A Coca-Cola warehouse is also situated at Patiis Road corner GSIS Street (Daang Tubo) in Barangay Dulong Bayan 2. San Mateo also primarily manufactures gravel and sand aggregates together with other construction supplies that are found in hardwares distributed all over the municipality.

Commerce and trade[edit]

Manahan Building in Barangay Ampid 1

The Central Business District is strategically located amidst the concentration of settlements. A major commercial area starts from the vicinity of the public market, bounded by the national road going to Rodriguez (Montalban) and Street of Daang Bakal in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This commercial zone is a conglomeration of financial institutions, a public market, restaurants/small eateries, retail stores and the like.

Another area, which may be considered as major commercial area, is within the vicinity of De los Santos Street corner Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Ampid 1. Other commercial areas extending to St. Mattheus Medical Hospital near the boundary of San Mateo and Marikina City are located near Puregold San Mateo (formerly the Producer's Market) at Barangay Banaba and another at the corner of Patiis Road and Gen. Luna Avenue, in Barangay Malanday.

SM City San Mateo along Gen. Luna Avenue in Brgy. Ampid 1, with its ongoing construction, is adding to the list of major commercial centers of San Mateo. This SM Supermall is expected to serve local residents and from neighboring areas on May 15, 2015. Further boost in San Mateo's economy is also anticipated with the upcoming mall.

Banking[edit]

San Mateo has many bank branches like Banco de Oro (BDO), Bank of the Philippine Islands, Metrobank, Philippine Savings Bank (PSBank), Philippine National Bank (PNB), Premiere Bank, Merchants Bank, Banco San Juan, Marikina Valley-San Mateo (MVSM) Bank, RCBC Savings Bank, United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), Banco Rodriguez, Country Builders Bank and the Real Bank (a thrift bank). Many automated teller machines in San Mateo are provided with security system such as anti-crime alarms. Security guards are also monitoring the premises of the banks in San Mateo for the safety of the customers.

Landmarks[edit]

The San Mateo Arch in Rizal Province, stands as a boundary between Marikina and this town.
Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Aranzazu

Festivals[edit]

These are some of the notable events in San Mateo:

Events Date Place of Event
Malanday Feast
February 13–14
Patiis and Malanday
Ampid Fiesta: Sombrero and Walis Festival
May 1
Ampid
Kawan Holiday (Kab Scout of the Phil.)
July 21 and 22
All of public schools in San Mateo
San Mateo Festival: Parada ng Kakanin
September 9
San Mateo Plaza and San Mateo Municipal Hall Stage
Guitnang Bayan: Parada ng kakanin
September 9
Nuestra Señora De Aranzazu Church
Dulong Bayan Feast
September 21
Dulong Bayan Chapel
Sta. Barbara Villas 2 (SBV2) Fiesta
October 5
Sta. Barbara Villas 2
St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria Parish Fiesta
July 5
Silangan

Utilities and Communications[edit]

Power[edit]

Power services in the town are provided by the Manila Electric Company, Inc. (MERALCO), except in the mountain barangay of Pintong Bukawe. There were 23,189 customers in San Mateo as of March 1999. Of these, 27,115 or 95.37 percent residential customers while commercial, industrial and streetlights number 971 (4.19 percent), 36 (0.15 percent), and 67 (0.29 percent), respectively. The municipality of San Mateo had a total demand of 55,355 megawatt-hours in 1998.

San Mateo Mini-Hydro Power Plant[edit]

A 2.46 megawatt[5] mini-hydro power plant is on the way to start its operation by 2016, the projected year of completion of the spearheading company Hydrotec Renewables, Inc. of Germany, along San Mateo River, part of Marikina River.[6] The company has already obtained Certificate of Non-Coverage from the Department of Energy which permits to proceed with its construction.[7] This hydro project is one among the eight hydro power application projects of Hydrotec in the northwestern Rizal-Marikina area which will effectively contribute a combined capacity of 25 to 30 megawatts of environment-friendly and clean energy to the Luzon grid or MERALCO franchise area. Flood events within the locality are also expected to be reduced with the upcoming hydro power plant.[8]

Water[edit]

The main source of the municipality's water supply are deep wells, pump wells (operated by Manila Water), open wells, springs and other ground water resources. Some of the elevated parts of the municipality are under watershed protected areas since the topography is characterized by rolling to mountainous terrain.

From 0.65%, San Mateo's water sanitation reached 100% on 2006 through the operation of Manila Water.[9]

North Manila Septage Treatment Plant[edit]

Completed and started operating on May 2007, the Manila Water North Septage Treatment Plant is located in Barangay Guitnang Bayan 2. This treats 586 cubic meters of septage a day.[10]

Sto. Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project

About 42,000 residents are expected to benefit from continuous water supply once Manila Water's P320-M water supply project in San Mateo, Rizal gets completed.

The project, dubbed as Sto. Niño-Silangan Water Supply Project, is divided into two phases: Phase 1, which will serve barangays Gulod Malaya, Sto. Niño and portion of Silangan, and Phase 2, which will serve the whole of Silangan and the elevated areas of Parang in Marikina.

The project involves the construction of pumping station and reservoirs and the laying of 25 kilometers of water lines including mainlines and will benefit twelve existing subdivisions occupying a total land area of 27 hectares.

Started in October 2007, the water project is expected to provide ample water supply to meet the 15 to 20 million liters per day (MLD) demand of the more than 13,000 households in the area.[11]

San Mateo Sanitary Landfill[edit]

In 2008, a proposal to build a 200-hectare sanitary landfill within the jurisdiction of two barangays was met with resistance by several environmental groups. The proposed landfill was to be constructed on ground area within a protected forest.[12]

Bucking opposition by environment activists, the operator of the San Mateo waste dump is ready to give it a go. Andy Santiago, president of the San Mateo Sanitary Landfill and Development Corp., said it has given the green light for the 19-hectare facility in Rizal province to do business.[13]

Communication[edit]

Telecommunications serve as a major link, within the sub-sectors and among other sectors of the economy, in the population centers and hinterlands. It also serves as a catalyst for growth and development. Telephone (Fixed landline & Wireless), & DSL Broadband Internet services are being provided by the Philippines Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), PT&T and Digital Telecommunications Philippines. While cellular phone services are provide by Globe Telecom, Smart Communications, and Sun Cellular.

Transportation[edit]

San Mateo has a variety of conveyances that provide the residents with ready means of transportation. These are public utility jeepneys, buses, tricycles, pedicabs and GT/UV Express Service FX are operating in the town. These facilitate the movement of people and goods to Metro Manila and nearby towns of Rizal.

There are four jeepney terminals in San Mateo, one at San Mateo Plaza, Brgy. Pintong Bukawe, one at Brgy. Banaba (Puregold), and another at Brgy. Silangan, respectively.

Transportation routes passing San Mateo, are Montalban-Cubao (jeepneys), Montalban-San Mateo (jeepneys), and Commonwealth, Philcoa-San Mateo (jeepneys) thru the San Mateo-Batasan Bridge. These routes traverses Quezon City, Marikina City, San Mateo and Rodriguez (Montalban). The only way to get through Pintong Bukawe is through Marcos Hi-way, Cabading & Sapinit Roads in Antipolo.

Long before the Manila Light Rail Transit System opened its services in Santolan in the Pasig-Marikina border in the early 2000s, steam train services had once served those places in the past, even before World War II.

In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese Occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.

The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, was connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Brgy. Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montalban is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.

The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.

The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960s and were converted into ordinary roads.

Today, the citizens are dependent on tricycles, jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday unusual and unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.

Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.

First is the Cavite Line, which passed through Paco, Parañaque, Bacoor and up to Naic, Cavite. Completed in 1908, its operation continued until 1936.

Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.

Jeepneys are the most common form of transportation within the municipality because of its convenience and low fare as compared to other forms of transportation. Other modes are tricycles and pedicabs which are used mainly to transport people and goods where regular jeepney routes are not available.

Buses - The Marikina Auto Line Transport Corporation (MALTC) buses are the public utility buses that mainly operate in San Mateo. They operate ordinary-type buses, and newly acquired airconditioned buses which provide safe travel to passengers. There are some private buses that transport people who work at the Fortune Tobacco Plant and other nearby factories in Marikina City.

Town seal[edit]

The seal of the town of San Mateo shows "Bayan ng San Mateo" written on a white ribbon at the upper portion of the seal. The white ribbon symbolizes cleanliness and pure intention of the local government for its constituents.

The 15 small stars in the upper border represent the 15 barangays that comprise the town of San Mateo. The Sun's rays represent liberty and freedom and the eight (8) provinces where San Mateo came from.

The three big stars are for Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The colors red, white and blue represent the three colors of the national flag.

The field of the seal is the blue color, which is attributed to royalty, the ruling hierarchy, and is the official color of the municipality.

At the center of the seal are four important symbols, which manifest the primary aims of the local government (i.e. health, justice, education, and livelihood).

Residential areas[edit]

San Mateo has several residential areas including middle to high end real estate villages and subdivisions.

Name of Residential Area Location
Mandala
Timberland Heights
Banyan Ridge
Banyan Crest
The Ranch
The Glades
The Leaf
Tierra Monte Subdivision
Silangan
Monterey Hills Subdivision
Sta. Barbara Villas
AFP Housing
Modesta Village
Sto. Niño
OLOPS Ville
Gulod Malaya
St. John Homes
Felicidad Village 2
Bancom Subdivision
Marvi Hills Subdivision
Greenbrier Subdivision
Guinayang
Maria Crisanta Compound
Villa San Mateo Phase 1 and 2
Guitnang Bayan 1
Divine Mercy Village
Anita Compound
Bankers Village
Birmingham Sunrise Subdivision
Easterview Park Subdivision
Leal Subdivision
Liamson Subdivision
New San Mateo Subdivision
Villa San Mateo Phase 3 and 4
Guitnang Bayan 2
Lamar Village
Riza Village
Bethel Homes Subdivision
Diaz Subdivision
Lorenzo Compound
Eastwood Greenview Subdivision
Malanday
Buena Homes Subdivision
Glenmore Compound
Carrieland Country Homes
Ampid 1
Sunnyville Subdivision
Duraville Homes
Greenland Newtown Executive Subdivision
Rafaela Compound
Chariville Homes
Graceland Subdivision
Ampid 2
Sunridge Village
Doña Pepeng Subdivision
Banaba
San Joaquin Village
Bandong Subdivision
Pamville Subdivision
Roxas Subdivision
Geneville Subdivision
Felicidad Village 3
St. Matthew's Village
Dreamland Subdivision
Armel III Subdivision

Education[edit]

San Mateo, Rizal offers both public and private education for all year levels.[14][15]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Ampid 1 Elementary School
  • Banaba Elementary School
  • Charles Science Integrated School of San Mateo Inc.
  • Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
  • Christian Care Academy
  • Doña Pepeng Elementary School
  • Dulong Bayan Elementary School
  • Eastern Star Academy, Inc.
  • Guitnang Bayan Elementary School
  • Gulod Malaya Elementary School
  • Joan of Arc Noble Academy
  • Justice Vicente Santiago Elementary School
  • Kid's World Christian Academy
  • Our Lady of Light School
  • Our Lady of Purificacion Integrated School
  • Maarat Elementary School
  • Malanday Elementary School
  • Maly Elementary School
  • Moses Cradle Academy
  • Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu Parochial School
  • Pintong Bukawe Elementary School
  • Roosevelt College San Mateo
  • San Mateo Elementary School
  • Silangan Elementary School
  • St. Mary Integrated Learning School (Ampid I)
  • St. Matthew College
  • Sto. Niño Elementary School

High schools[edit]

  • Academia Del Tierra Grande, Inc.
  • Ampid National High School
  • Center for Positive Future
  • Charles Science Integrated School of San Mateo Inc.
  • Christian Care Academy
  • Christ the Lord of Harvest Academy
  • Eastern Star Academy, Inc.
  • Guardian Angel Academy
  • Holy Name of Mary School
  • Jose F. Diaz Memorial National High School
  • Kids' World Christian Academy High School (Annex)
  • Maria Carmeli Catholic School
  • Moses Cradle Academy
  • Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu Parochial School
  • San Mateo National High School
  • Silangan National High School
  • St. Joseph Banaba
  • St. Joseph Montessori - Branch
  • St. Joseph Montessori - Main
  • St. Mary Integrated Learning School (Ampid I)
  • St. Matthew College
  • Sta. Cecilia Parochial School
  • Sto. Niño National High School
  • Pintong Bukawe National High School
  • Roosevelt College San Mateo
MCCID College School Building, San Mateo, Rizal

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Eastern Star Institute of Science & Technology [ESIST] (TESDA accredited)
  • ICCT Colleges
  • San Mateo Municipal College (Formerly Pamantasan ng Bayan ng San Mateo)
  • St. Matthew College

Special education[edit]

Notable personalities[edit]

Sister cities/municipalities[edit]

These are San Mateo's sister cities or municipalities with strong relationship and partnership.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: RIZAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013. 
  4. ^ The Peak Life, December 2007 Issue. A Publication of Timberland Heights [1]
  5. ^ "Pending Hydropower Applications". April 2013. Department of Energy
  6. ^ "Power firm set to build eight hydro plants along Marikina River". Lenie Lectura. January 8, 2014. Business Mirror
  7. ^ "Hydrotec projects obtain permits". Alena Mae S. Flores. March 20, 2014. Manila Standard Today
  8. ^ "Big companies going into pumped storage, run-of-river power plants". Ray S. Eñano. March 27, 2014. Manila Standard Today
  9. ^ Jorge C. Mateo. October 23, 2007. "Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System (MWSS) Regulatory Office". [2]
  10. ^ August 22, 2007. "DENR Updates"
  11. ^ July 1, 2008. "P320-M water supply project in San Mateo, Rizal now underway". Manila Water
  12. ^ DJ Yap. January 10, 2009. "Plan to Build New San Mateo Landfill Hit". Philippine Daily Inquirer
  13. ^ Gigi Muoz David and Erika Z. Vizcarra. February 2, 2009. "San Mateo Dump gets the Green Light". Manila Standard Today
  14. ^ Various Schools in San Mateo, Rizal - Batang San Mateo Website
  15. ^ List of Public Schools in San Mateo- Department of Education
  16. ^ http://www.outstandingprofessionalph.com/2012.php
  17. ^ "Zamboanga City Sisterhood". 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]