San Miguel de Horcasitas

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San Miguel de Horcasitas
Country  Mexico
State Sonora
Municipality San Miguel de Horcasitas
Founded 1749
Time zone MST (UTC-7)

San Miguel de Horcasitas is a town, and the surrounding municipality of the same name, in the Mexican state of Sonora. San Miguel is located in the center of the state at an elevation of 518 meters. The municipal area is 1,768.45 km2. and the population was 5,626 in 2000.

The settlement was founded in 1749 as a military fort. The name is in honor of the Vicerey of New Spain, Don Juan Francisco de Güemez y Horcasitas, first Count of Revillagigedo, who was governing New Spain at the time. After 1777, the governor and captain general of the provinces of Sonora and Sinaloa had his residence here.

In 1814 it became a town (ayuntamiento), one of the first in the state.

Neighboring municipalities are: Rayón, in the northeast, Ures, in the east, Hermosillo, in the south, and Carbó, in the northwest.

The economy is based on cattle raising and subsistence agriculture.

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Coordinates: 29°29′N 110°45′W / 29.483°N 110.750°W / 29.483; -110.750