San Nicolò al Lido
|Church of Saint Nicholas
(San Nicolò al Lido)
Façade of the church.
San Nicolò al Lido is a church in Venice, northern Italy. It is located in the northern part of Venice's Lido, and houses the relics of St Nicholas, patron of sailors (shared with Bari). From this church, the traditional thanksgiving mass of the Sposalizio del Mare ("Marriage of the Sea") has departed and still is celebrated. The complex houses monks of the Franciscan order.
The convent and the church dates to the origins of Venice in the early Middle Ages.
From here, in 996 and 998 sailed off the first Venetian expeditions against the Narentine pirates. On May 9 the year 1000, the fleet led by doge Pietro Orseolo II took off for the campaign that led to the submission of Dalmatia. This event is still remembered in the Marriage of the Sea ceremony. In this church, the Doge Domenico Selvo was elected and crowned in 1071, since St Mark's Basilica was under reconstruction. In 1099, the Venetian participation to the First Crusade departed from this port, led by Bishop of Olivolo and Giovanni, son of the doge Vitale Michiel I.
In 1100 the relics of the body of St Nicholas, were putatively were stolen from Myra of Lycia, and interred in this church. However, a few years earlier in 1089, the remains of the saint had been entombed in Bari by Pope Urban II in person.
Nicholas was proclaimed protector of the Venetian fleet. In 1202, the forces of the Fourth Crusade left from here. In 1245 Salinguerra II of Torelli was buried here, he was a ghibelline nobleman who held the city of Ferrara for many years, and who disputed the primacy of Este family. In 1623 the relics of St. Nicholas were transferred from the church to the monastery to accommodate the construction of the new building, before being placed back below of altar.
Architecture and art
The church, with a single nave, is annexed to a convent and a cloister, all date to the 16th century. The Baroque campanile was erected in 1626-1629. The façade is surmounted by a statue of Doge Domenico Contarini, who patronized the convent.The interior houses works by Palma il Vecchio (Madonna with Child) and Palma il Giovane (San Giovannino). The 3 bells in G major dates back to the 16th century.
The relics of Nicholas
The possession of the relics of St Nicholas has long been disputed between Venice and Bari. In recent times some scientific inspections of the bones, have been held in Bari in 1953 (the first ever made) and in Venice (1992). Analyses found that the relics, divided between the two cities, belong to the same person: Bari has the larger bone fragments, while Venice has the smaller fragments, forgotten by the Bari's sailor-men.
The presence of the relics in Venice is little known, then the church is not a place of pilgrimage like in Bari, especially of Orthodox Russians for which Nicholas is critical.
Use in film and television
|This section requires expansion. (July 2010)|
- Zancaruol - Historical Dictionary Of All The Notebook-Venetian Patrician Families]