San Patricio Church massacre
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (September 2012)|
The San Patricio Church massacre was the murder of three priests and two seminarians of the Pallottine order on July 4, 1976, during the Dirty War, at St. Patrick’s Church, located in the Belgrano neighborhood in the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
At approximately 1:00 a.m. on July 4, 1976, three youths, Luis Pinasco, Guillermo Silva, and Julio Víctor Martínez, watched as two cars parked in front of the church of San Patricio. As Martínez was the son of a soldier and thought it might be an attempt on his father, he went to Police Station No. 37 to make a complaint. Minutes later a police car arrived on the scene and officer Miguel Ángel Romano spoke with people who were suspects in the case. At 2 o'clock in the morning Silva and Pinasco saw a group of people with rifles get out of the cars and enter the church. The next morning, at the time of the first Mass, a group of worshippers waiting in front of the church found the door closed.
Surprised by the situation, the young Fernando Savino, organist of the parish decided to enter through a window and found on the first floor the bodies of the five religious riddled with bullets, and lined up face down in a huge puddle of blood on a red carpet. The murderers had written with chalk on a door:
Por los camaradas dinamitados en Seguridad Federal. Venceremos. Viva la Patria.
(For the comrades blown up at Federal Security. We will prevail. Long live the Fatherland.)
They also wrote on a carpet:
Estos zurdos murieron por ser adoctrinadores de mentes vírgenes y son M.S.T.M.
(These lefties were killed for being indoctrinators of innocent minds and M.S.T.M.)
The initials “M.S.T.M.” stand for Movimiento de Sacerdotes para el Tercer Mundo (the Movement of Priests for the Third World), while the first sentence about “Federal Security” refers to the bomb attack the Montoneros (whose motto was “Venceremos” ) had set off two days before in the dining room of the Argentine Federal Police headquarters, killing 20 people.
On the body of Salvador Barbeito the murderers put a drawing by Quino, taken from one of the rooms, in which Mafalda appears pointing to a police officer’s club saying: «Este es el palito de abollar ideologías» (“This is the stick to dent ideologies”).
The next day, the newspaper La Nación published a story about the slaughter which included the text of a communiqué from Area Command I of the Army that read:
Elementos subversivos asesinaron cobardemente a los sacerdotes y seminaristas. El vandálico hecho fue cometido en dependencias de la iglesia San Patricio, lo cual demuestra que sus autores, además de no tener Patria, tampoco tienen Dios.
(Subversive agents have cowardly murdered the priests and seminarians. The barbaric incident was committed on the premises of St. Patrick’s Church, which shows that the perpetrators are unpatriotic and godless.)
Cause for beatification
The superior general of the Pallottine fathers in Argentina, Bishop Seamus Freeman sought out his fellow Jesuit superior general Fr. Jorge Bergoglio for assistance. He met with Bergoglio a second time in Rome to follow up.
- "Denuncia penal por ataque terrorista de Montoneros en 1976". El Ojo Digital (in Spanish). August 21, 2005. Google translation
- Marcelo Luna. "Mafalda – historieta con historia". Icaro Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 December 2007. Google translation
- La Nación. "Crimen en San Patricio" (in Spanish). La Nación, 5 de julio de 1976.
- Patricia Marchak, God's Assassins: State Terrorism in Argentina in the 1970s, McGill-Queen's University Press, 1999, ISBN 0773520139; p. 160
- Martin Edwin Andersen, Dossier Secreto: Argentina's Desaparecidos and the Myth of the "Dirty War", Westview Press, 1993, ISBN 0813382122; pp. 187-188
- RTÉ1 (Raidió Teilifís Éireann, Ireland's National Public Service Broadcaster) Pat Kenny interviews Bishop Seamus Freeman on memories of the violent events of 1976, broadcast date March 14, 2013 (online podcast)
- "They Lived Together And They Died Together". Pallottines.ie. Retrieved 2013-01-25.
- Kimel, Eduardo (1986). La Masacre de San Patricio (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Ed. Lohlé-Lumen. ISBN 950-724-533-2.
- Seisdedos, Gabriel (1996). El honor de Dios, Mártires Palotinos (in Spanish). Buenos Aires: Ed. Lohlé-Lumen. ISBN 950-861-259-2.
- The Massacre at St. Patrick’s International Memorial
- El caso de los padres palotinos, Informe Nunca Más, CONADEP, 1985
- A treinta años de la masacre de San Patricio, por Eduardo Kimel, Página 12, 2 de julio de 2006
- Monumento a los padres palotinos, Clarín, 2 de julio de 2006
- Kirchner y Bergoglio, juntos en una misa de homenaje a sacerdotes palotinos, Clarín, 11 de abril de 2006
- 29 años de la Masacre de San Patricio, Argenpress, 4 de julio de 2005
- Mártires Palotinos, por Cármen Lynch, Comisión Permanente para la Memoria de los Mártires Palotinos
- Masacre de San Patricio - Compilación de artículos
- “4 de julio – La masacre de San Patricio” – Documental sobre los asesinatos del 4 de julio de 1976[dead link], archive version - IMDB