San Pedro Garza García
||This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (August 2012)|
|San Pedro Garza García|
|Nickname(s): San Pedro, Garza Garcia|
|Motto: Libertad con Orden y Justicia (Freedom with Order and Justice)|
|Founded||November 20, 1596|
|• Mayor||Ugo Ruiz Cortés (PAN)|
|• City||69.4 km2 (26.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||540 m (1,770 ft)|
|• Metro density||1,758/km2 (4,550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
San Pedro Garza García (also known as San Pedro or Garza García) is a city-municipality of the Mexican state of Nuevo León and is part of the Monterrey Metropolitan area. It is a contemporary commercial suburb of the larger metropolitan city of Monterrey between Puente de la Unidad and the Alfa Planetarium, including areas surrounding Calzada del Valle/Calzada San Pedro. Cerro de Chipinque, Chipinque Ecological Park, and La Huasteca Climbing Area are notable aspects of the city. The city hosts the headquarters of corporations such as ALFA, Cemex, Gamesa, Vitro, Pyosa, The Home Depot México, and Cydsa. With a population of 121,977 (city) and 122,009 (municipality) at the 2005 census, it is the seventh-largest city and eighth-largest municipality in Nuevo León.
The municipality has an area of 69.4 km² (26.8 sq mi) and is almost entirely urban, lying adjacent to the southwest side of Monterrey. It sits in a valley surrounded by mountains; most notably La Loma Larga and Sierra Madre Oriental.
Two months after the foundation of its neighbor, Monterrey, in 1596 the land on which San Pedro Garza García lies was turned into a large plantation called "Los Nogales", where crops like corn, wheat, beans, and many other foods were produced.
It was not until 1988 that the mayor at the time, Alejandro Chapa Salazar gave the city its current name, adding the reference to what it was called centuries before.
Landmarks and attractions
San Pedro boasts one of the best preserved national parks in the country, the Chipinque park, within the Parque Nacional Cumbres de Monterrey. The park is located at the foothill of the Sierra Madre, and is the only naturally forested spot in metropolitan Monterrey.
- Centro Cultural Alfa. A science interactive museum, the first one of its kind in Mexico. It is located within a tilted column-shaped structure and surrounded by lush gardens. It is worth to visit, especially for kids. There is a good planetarium, and an impressive masterpiece glasswork by Rufino Tamayo.
- Auditorio San Pedro. A mid-sized auditorium used for plays and concerts.
- Shopping Malls. The Paseo San Pedro and Plaza Fiesta San Agustín malls with some of the best stores in town. Paseo San Pedro is the newest mall in San Pedro. It includes a movie theater, a NH hotel, a Palacio de Hierro store, and a food court.
- Calzada del Valle/Calzada San Pedro. Beautiful three lane intersecting gardened boulevards. Some of the most exclusive stores lie on this avenue (Louis Vuitton, Fendi, Cartier, among others). Joggers can be seen in the mornings. In Christmas trees are lit by thousands of lights to add splendor to the zone.
- Opened in 2003, the Puente de la Unidad (sometimes called Puente atirantado) is a suspension bridge that crosses the Río Santa Catarina and joins San Pedro Garza García with Monterrey.
- El Centrito. A traditional place to drink a good coffee, have dinner or meet friends in a casual environment. Many restaurants and nightclubs are located here (Classico, Pink Donkey, Republica).
- The Avalanz Tower. The second tallest skyscraper in the Monterrey metropolitan area, and the third tallest in Mexico outside Mexico City. Previously named Dataflux Tower.
- The Comercial America Tower. The second to the tallest skyscraper in the metropolitan area.
- Barrio de Tampiquito - A lower income area, known for its creativity fairs, which promote the workshops of the craftsmen in the neighborhood. Tampiquito has its own symbol - the Lion of Tampiquito - a symbol that plays an important role in the integration of the area.
- Hotels in San Pedro. Camino Real, Quinta Real, Hotel Habita Monterrey, Hotel Presidente Intercontinental, among others.
- Strip malls. Plaza Tanarah, Calzada 401, Gomez Morin 404, Plaza Duendes, Plaza 02 Vasconcelos, among others.
- Centro Cultural Alemán. Representative German school of the German embassy. Zazil Treviño is the name of the coordinator.
- Rufino Tamayo park. One of the biggest parks in San Pedro, which has a great view of the Valle Oriente skyline.
The city is home to the Catholic university, Universidad de Monterrey (UDEM), which offers bachelor's degree and master's degree programs. The Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey (ITESM) has two of its graduate schools in San Pedro. The Escuela de Graduados en Administración y Dirección de Empresas (EGADE), ITSEM's Graduate School of Business, and the Escuela de Graduados en Administración y Política Pública (EGAP), the Graduate School of Politics and Public Administration. Both campuses are located in Valle Oriente. There are no public universities in San Pedro.
Primary and secondary education
San Pedro has 40 public pre-schools, elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. The city also has and 39 private schools. However, whereas public schools only offer one type of education (e.g. only middle school, or only elementary school), private schools offer multiple types (mostly K-9th and K-12). If counted individually by type of education offered, private schools function as 88 different schools, more than twice the number of public schools.
Some examples of notable private schools in San Pedro are the American Institute of Monterrey, Centro de Educación y Cultura del Valle, S.C. (CECVAC), Colegio Inglés, Instituto Anglia, Instituto Brillamont, Instituto Columbia, Instituto Irlandés, Instituto Mater, Instituto San Roberto, and Liceo de Monterrey.
- Maria L. de Hernández (1896 – 1986), Mexican-American rights activist, was born in San Pedro Garza García.
- "Parque Ecologico Chipinique" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Home Depot". Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Municipio de San Pedro Garza Garcia" (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- Sistema Nacional de Información de Escuelas. Secretaría de Educación Pública. Retrieved Dec. 6, 2014.
- "中南米の補習授業校一覧（平成25年4月15日現在）" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014.
- Orozco, Cynthia E. "Hernandez, Maria L. de". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 16, 2012.