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All values in milligrams per liter (mg/l)
San Pellegrino (also S. Pellegrino) is an Italian brand of mineral water with naturally occurring carbonation and additional carbonation added by the bottler, produced and bottled by Nestlé at San Pellegrino Terme, in the Province of Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy. The water contains carbon dioxide and at least the following chemical elements in amounts of 100 or more micrograms per liter: calcium, chloride, fluorine, lithium, magnesium, nitrogen, potassium, silicon, sodium, and strontium. The strontium is naturally occurring, not the radioactive strontium-90. In popular culture, San Pellegrino is portrayed as a luxury and expensive bottled water. Owned by Nestlé since 1997, San Pellegrino is exported to most countries in Europe, the Americas, the Middle East, and Australasia, as well as to Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong.
The water may originate from a layer of rock 400 metres (1,300 ft) below the surface, where it is mineralized from contact with limestone and volcanic rocks. It emerges from three deep springs at a temperature of about 22 °C (72 °F). The springs are located at the foot of a Dolomite mountain wall which favours the formation and replenishment of a mineral water basin. The water then seeps to depths of over 700 m (2,300 ft) and flows underground to a distant aquifer.
Certain rare geological conditions can produce naturally carbonated water such as San Pellegrino; often the carbonation can be attributed to volcanic activity. Naturally carbonated waters have historically been highly sought after for their supposed curative properties. San Pellegrino was one of the first bottled Natural Carbonation waters.
San Pellegrino mineral water has been produced for over 600 years. In 1395, the town borders of San Pellegrino were drawn, marking the start of its water industry. Leonardo da Vinci visited the town in 1509 to sample and examine the town's "miraculous" water, later writing a treatise on the subject. However this "fact" has been disputed. Analysis shows that the water is strikingly similar to the samples taken in 1782, the first year such analysis took place.
The earliest existing records show that 35,343 bottles were produced (5,562 of which were exported) in 1899. Nine years later, San Pellegrino was exported to the main European cities, as well as Cairo, Tangiers, Shanghai, Calcutta, Sydney, Brazil, Peru, and the United States.
In 1932, the Aranciata orangeade variant was introduced. Containing San Pellegrino as its primary ingredient, the soda added concentrated orange juice. Today, San Pellegrino also produces various other flavors of carbonated beverages: Limonata (lemonade), Sanbittèr (bitters), Pompelmo (grapefruit), Aranciata Rossa (blood orange), and Chinò (chinotto).
In 1968, San Pellegrino appeared on the front cover of the British Sunday newspaper The Observer. On April 20, 1970, the company was renamed San Pellegrino SpA. Later that year, it became the leading beverage company in Italy. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the company continued to expand, and in 1988, San Pellegrino became the first Italian mineral water brand to be exported to France. In 1998, San Pellegrino SpA was bought out by Nestlé. In Italy, San Pellegrino is available in 1.5 L bottles for about one euro, the same for their Aranciata in most stores. Competitive orange drinks can cost even less. If artificial sweeteners are used, the price is about half that of the sugared varieties.
Uranium content 
In 2007, the German consumer television programme, Markt, reported that San Pellegrino contains uranium. Nestlé was informed about this and responded that uranium was common in both bottled and tap water, and that the level in their product was below the threshold of harmful levels noted by various governments and food health organizations. They added that San Pellegrino is not suitable for infants under 12 weeks of age.
See also 
- Mineral water
- Apollinaris (water)
- Gerolsteiner Brunnen
- "San Pellegrino". FineWaters. Retrieved 2007-02-22.
- "S.Pellegrino Acqua Minerale History". San Pellegrino. Retrieved 2007-02-22.[dead link]
- Mason, Paul. "Nestle Fraudulently cites Leonardo da Vinci to promote San Pelligrino". Before It's News, LLC. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Letters between Foodwatch and Nestle
- Concentration of Uranium in various waters, including San Pellegrino
- San Pellegrino Official website
- Nestlé Waters Direct Official Nestlé Waters Direct International website
- Nestlé Waters Direct Nederland Official Nestlé Waters Direct Netherlands website
- Nestlé's description of San Pellegrino
- San Pellegrino Chinò website (Italian)
- Fine Dining Lovers by SanPellegrino & Acquapanna Company Webmagazine