San Pietro Martire Triptych

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St. Peter of Verona Triptych
Angelico, pala di san pier maggiore, 1425 ca..jpg
Artist Fra Angelico
Year 1428–1429
Type Tempera on panel
Dimensions 137 cm × 168 cm (54 in × 66 in)
Location San Marco National Museum, Florence

The St. Peter of Verona Triptych (Italian: Trittico di San Pietro Martire) is a painting by the Italian early Renaissance master Fra Angelico, executed around 1428-1429. It is housed in the National Museum of San Marco, Florence, central Italy.

History[edit]

The work is Fra Angelico's first documented work. It comes from the convent of San Pietro Martire and a document from 30 March 1429 notes a sum of 20 florins owed to the convent of San Domenico, Fiesole, where the painter was a monk.

According to some art historians, it could be contemporary of the Virgin and Child with Saint Anne by Masaccio and Masolino da Panicale (1424-1425), although it lacks the use of compartments which at the time were widespread.

Description[edit]

In the center of the work is a Maestà (Madonna Enthroned with Child) and, at the sides, are the Saints Dominic, John the Baptist, Peter of Verona and Thomas of Aquino. In the cusps are lobed tondoes with the Annunciation Angel, the Annunciation and, in the center, Blessing Christ. Between the cusps are scenes of the life of St. Peter of Verona (Predication and Martyrdom).

The Madonna sits on a brocaded seat, with the Child standing on her knees. She is holding an ampulla, a reference to Mary Magdalene's ampulla and thus to Jesus' passion. The Child wears a tunic with rich golden decoration. His hand holds a globe, a symbol of his power, while the other hands is raised in a blessing gesture. The relative lack of decoration, compared to Angelico's earlier Fiesole Altarpiece (1424-1425), which was still heavily based on Gentile da Fabriano's style, show the growing influence of Masaccio and a more realistic approach.

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