San Po Kong

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Looking South-west over San Po Kong
Looking north-east over San Po Kong

San Po Kong (Chinese: 新蒲崗; Cantonese Yale: San Po Gong) is an area in New Kowloon in Hong Kong. It is largely industrial and partly residential. Administratively, it belongs to Wong Tai Sin District.

Location[edit]

San Po Kong is located South of Wong Tai Sin and Diamond Hill, and north of the former Kai Tak International Airport. The area is bounded by Choi Hung Road and Prince Edward Road East.

History[edit]

Village[edit]

San Po Kong in Cantonese means new Po Kong. It became known as San Po Kong from the industrial period. Po Kong (蒲崗) is a small hill where a Hokkienese village, Po Kong Village (蒲崗村), was founded south by a family called Lam (林). Po is a Chinese character taken from Po Tin, the Lam family's original home in Fujian Province. The village, which was situated in the area of the present-day Wong Tai Sin Police Station, was long ago demolished for development, leaving only its name in Po Kong Village Road. The Lam family also founded the historic Tin Hau temple in Joss House Bay. In the past, Kowloon Bay was a major field producing salt. The Lam family was probably involved in the salt business.

Another village in the area, Sha Tei Yuen (沙地園) or Sha Ti Un, was located in present-day Rhythm Garden.

Before the development of Kai Tak Airport, most of the area was cultivated, drawing on rich soil of the many small river estuaries, fed by run-off from the hills to the north of Kowloon Bay.

Airport[edit]

In 1916, the area south of present-day San Po Kong was reclaimed by Ho Kai and Au Tak for a garden estate. The reclamation was completed in two phases in 1920 and 1927. The reclaimed area became known as Kai Tak. The company lacked the capital to complete the project and left part the land unused. The Hong Kong Government decided to buy back the land for the Royal Air Force and a future Kai Tak Aerodrome. In late 1930s, the airport was significantly expanded to take up the whole of San Po Kong. Clear Water Bay Road, part of the current Choi Hung Road, and a nullah were constructed around the airport. During the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, more than 20 villages surrounding San Po Kong were demolished for further expansion of the airport.

Industrial area[edit]

A building of the public San Po Kong Factory Estate, shortly before its demolition in 2007.

In 1958, the airport was shifted south, out of San Po Kong and into Kowloon Bay. Prince Edward Road East was completed at around this time. San Po Kong became an industrial area, in many high-rise buildings. The government also established the San Po Kong Factory Estate, a factory estate for small manufacturing businesses in the early 1960s.[1]

In May 1967, a labour dispute in a factory making artificial flowers ignited the 1967 riots, which lasted until October. During that period, public bus services were suspended, forcing workers from other areas to commute on foot.

In the 1980s, many of the manufacturing businesses in San Po Kong relocated to China, and the industrial buildings were turned into offices and godowns.

Features[edit]

Facilities in San Po Kong include:

Transport[edit]

San Po Kong is served by the Diamond Hill Station of the MTR.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°20′08″N 114°11′54″E / 22.33547°N 114.19837°E / 22.33547; 114.19837