San Telmo Island

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San Telmo Island
Ioannes-Paulus-II-Peninsula-location-map.PNG
Location of Ioannes Paulus II Peninsula on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands.
Geography
Location Antarctica
Coordinates 62°28′S 60°49′W / 62.467°S 60.817°W / -62.467; -60.817Coordinates: 62°28′S 60°49′W / 62.467°S 60.817°W / -62.467; -60.817
Archipelago South Shetland Islands
Area 22 ha (54 acres)[1]
Country
Additional information
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Topographic map of Livingston Island, Greenwich, Robert, Snow and Smith Islands.

San Telmo Island is an island forming the west side of Shirreff Cove on the north-west coast of Ioannes Paulus II Peninsula, Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. It has a surface area of 22 hectares (54 acres).[1]

History[edit]

Named by the UK-APC in 1958 after the Spanish vessel San Telmo commanded by Captain Rosendo Porlier, which was the flagship of a Spanish naval squadron bound for Callao (Peru) to reinforce colonial forces there fighting the independence movements in Spanish America. Very severe weather was encountered in Drake Passage in about 61S, 60W, but hawser after hawser parted and she was ultimately left to her fate in about 62S. Some of her spars and her anchor-stock were found by sealers on nearby Half Moon Beach in about 1821.

Antarctic Specially Protected Area[edit]

The island, along with nearby Cape Shirreff, has been designated an Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 149) for the diversity of its plant and animal life, especially its penguin and fur seal breeding colonies.[2]

See also[edit]

Map[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b L.L. Ivanov. Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert, Snow and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map. Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, 2009. ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4
  2. ^ "Cape Shirreff and San Telmo Island, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands". Management Plan for Antarctic Specially Protected Area No. 149: Measure 2, Annex H. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2005. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "San Telmo Island" (content from the Geographic Names Information System).

External links[edit]