San Thome Basilica

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San Thome Basilica
Basilica of the National Shrine of St.Thomas
San Thome Basilica
13°2′1″N 80°16′40″E / 13.03361°N 80.27778°E / 13.03361; 80.27778Coordinates: 13°2′1″N 80°16′40″E / 13.03361°N 80.27778°E / 13.03361; 80.27778
Location Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Country India
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website www.santhomechurch.com
www.santhomebasilica.com
History
Former name(s) San Thome Church
Authorising papal bull 16th March 1956
Dedication St. Thomas
Relics held Bone of St. Thomas
Architecture
Status Minor Basilica[1]
Functional status Active
Heritage designation National Shrine[2]
Designated 7 February, 2006
Style Neo-Gothic
Completed 1523
Specifications
Length 64 metres (210 ft)
Width 12.2 metres (40 ft)
Nave width 10 metres (33 ft)
Spire height 47.2 metres (155 ft)
Clergy
Archbishop Abp. George Antonysamy

San Thome Basilica is a Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) minor basilica in Santhome, in the city of Chennai (Madras), India. It was built in the 16th century by Portuguese explorers, over the supposed tomb of St Thomas, an apostle of Jesus. In 1893, it was rebuilt as a church with the status of a cathedral by the British. The British version still stands today. It was designed in Neo-Gothic style, favoured by British architects in the late 19th century.

History[edit]

St Thomas, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, arrived in Kerala from Judea in 52 A.D. and preached between 52 A.D. and 72 A.D., when he was martyred on St. Thomas Mount.[1]

San Thome Basilica is the principal church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madras and Mylapore. In 1956, Pope Pius XII raised the church to the status of a Basilica Minor, and on February 11, 2006, it was declared a national shrine by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India. The San Thome Basilica is a pilgrimage centre for Christians in India. The church also has an attached museum.[1]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Basilica of the National Shrine of St.Thomas". SanThomeChurch.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
  2. ^ National Shrine Status

External links[edit]