San Thome Basilica
|San Thome Basilica|
|Basilica of the National Shrine of St.Thomas|
San Thome Basilica
|Location||Chennai, Tamil Nadu|
|Former name(s)||San Thome Church|
|Authorising papal bull||16th March 1956|
|Relics held||Bone of St. Thomas|
|Heritage designation||National Shrine|
|Designated||7 February, 2006|
|Length||64 metres (210 ft)|
|Width||12.2 metres (40 ft)|
|Nave width||10 metres (33 ft)|
|Spire height||47.2 metres (155 ft)|
|Archbishop||Abp. George Antonysamy|
San Thome Basilica is a Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) minor basilica in Santhome, in the city of Chennai (Madras), India. It was built in the 16th century by Portuguese explorers, over the supposed tomb of St Thomas[dubious ], an apostle of Jesus. The tomb was built on by destroying the original Kapaleeshwarar Temple by the Portuguese. In 1893, it was rebuilt as a church with the status of a cathedral by the British. The British version still stands today. It was designed in Neo-Gothic style, favoured by British architects in the late 19th century.
Despite consensus among historians to the contrary, South Indian Christian mythology holds that St Thomas, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, arrived in Kerala from Judea in 52 A.D. and preached between 52 A.D. and 72 A.D., when he was martyred on St. Thomas Mount. The San Thome tomb was built by the Portuguese on the place where they demolished the original Kapaleeshwarar Temple .  Later the british re-built the tomb as church.
San Thome Basilica is the principal church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madras and Mylapore. In 1956, Pope Pius XII raised the church to the status of a Basilica Minor, and on February 11, 2006, it was declared a national shrine by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India. The San Thome Basilica is a pilgrimage centre for Christians in India. The church also has an attached museum.
- Roman Catholicism in India
- Saint Thomas of Mylapur
- Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health
- Poondi Matha Basilica
- Our Lady of Snows Basilica
- Christianity in India
- Christianity in Tamil Nadu
- "Basilica of the National Shrine of St.Thomas". SanThomeChurch.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- National Shrine Status
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Thome Basilica, Chennai.|
- Official website of San Thome Church
- website for San Thome Cathedral Church
- website for San Thome News
- San Thome Church Youth Group