Sanan Kachornprasart

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This is a Thai name. Sanan is the given name; Kachornprasart is the family name.
Major general
Sanan Kachornprasart
พล.ต. สนั่น ขจรประศาสน์
Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand (Social policies)
In office
February 6, 2008 – 9 August 2011
Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva
Somchai Wongsawat
Samak Sundaravej
In office
October 5, 1998 – March 29, 2000
Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai
In office
August 26, 1990 – December 9, 1990
Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan
Minister of Interior
In office
November 14, 1997 – March 29, 2000
Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai
Preceded by Sanoh Thienthong
Succeeded by Banyat Bantadtan
In office
December 17, 1994 – December 9, 1995
Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai
Preceded by Chavalit Yongchaiyudh
Succeeded by Banharn Silpa-archa
Personal details
Born (1935-09-07)September 7, 1935
Phichit, Thailand
Died February 15, 2013(2013-02-15) (aged 77)
Bangkok, Thailand
Nationality Thai
Political party Chartthaipattana Party (2008-2013)
Chart Thai Party (2007-2008)
Mahachon Party (2004-2007)
Democrat Party (1983-2000)
Spouse(s) Chawiwan Kachornprasart
Profession Politician
Soldier
Religion Buddhism
Military service
Service/branch Royal Thai Army
Years of service -1977
Rank Thai army O7.png Major general
(Phon Tri)

Sanan Kachornprasart (Thai: สนั่น ขจรประศาสน์, RTGS: Sanan Khachonprasat, Thai pronunciation: [sà.nàn khà.tɕɔːn.prà.sàːt]; born 7 September 1935 – 15 February 2013)[1] was a Thai politician and military officer (Major General). He was deputy prime minister in the cabinet of Abhisit Vejjajiva,[2] and was chief advisor of Chartthaipattana Party.

Early life and military service[edit]

Sanan Kachornprasart was born in Phichit. He graduated from Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy and United States Army Armor School, Fort Knox. Afterwards he served as an officer in the tank force (in Thailand traditionally "Cavalry") of the Royal Thai Army until he was dismissed for supporting coup d'état on 26 March 1977, led by General Chalard Hiransiri against the Tanin Kraivixien government. Sanan, by that time a lieutenant colonel, was imprisoned in Lat Yao prison charged with treason, just like his Military Academy and Fort Knox mate Manoonkrit Roopkachorn. He was released when General Kriangsak Chomanan took power in 1979.[3] Later he was rehabilitated and even promoted Major General.

Political career[edit]

Later, Sanan entered politics. He became a member of the Democrat Party. From 1988 until his leave in 2000, he held the position of Secretary-General of the party. He served as Minister of Agriculture from 1988 to 1990 and Deputy Prime Minister for only three months in autumn 1990 under Chatichai Choonhavan,[4] as Minister of Industry from 1992 to 1994 and as Interior Minister from 1994 to 1995 in Chuan Leekpai's first government.[5] When, after two years of opposition, the Democrats regained government in 1997, Premier Chuan re-apoointed Sanan Minister of Interior for a second term until 2000, coevally he was Chuan's Deputy Prime Minister from 1998 to 2000.[6]

In 2000 Sanan came under the suspicion of corruption. The National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) initiated investigations on the hint by an oppositional MP, that a 45 Million Baht loan by A.A.S. Autoservice, in fact was no loan.[7] On August 23 the Constitutional Court ruled that Sanan had given false information about his assets and banned him from politics for 5 years in accordance with article 295 of the 1997 Constitution.[7][8][9]

After his ban expired, Sanan left the Democrat Party. In 2004 he founded the Mahachon Party, together with Anek Laothamatas.[10] Sanan served as the secretary of the party.[11] Mahachon Party won 8.3% of the votes and 2 of the 500 seats in the 2005 election. In 2007 Sanan and his son Siriwat left the party for the conservative-populist Thai Nation Party, coalition partner of the People's Power Party (PPP) in the Somchai Wongsawat government. In early December 2008, the Constitutional Court dissolved all governing parties, the Nation Party was mostly refounded as the Thai Nation Development Party (Chartthaipattana Party, CTP), of which Sanan is the mainstay and chief adviser.

On 15 December 2008 the CTP joined the Democrat-led coalition government under Abhisit and Sanan was appointed Deputy Prime Minister with focus on social policies. After the 2011 election, he resigned from the cabinet, even though the CTP was also part of the new Pheu Thai Party-led coalition.

Sanan Kachornprasart died in Bangkok on February 15, 2013 at the age of 77.

Private life[edit]

Sanan was married to Chawiwan Kachornprasart and they had four children. His third son is also a CTP-politician Siriwat Kachornprasart, who is Deputy minister of commerce in Yingluck Shinawatra's cabinet. Sanan owned the biggest ostrich farm in Thailand, called "Kajorn Farm" and a vineyard in Dong Charoen District, Phichit Province, where he cultivated the wine "Chateau de Shala One".[12][13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ด่วน!ปิดตำนานชาละวัน'เสธ.หนั่น'สิ้นแล้ว" [Urgent news! 'General Sanan', the Legend of Phichit, died] (in Thai). Bangkok Biz News. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2013-02-15. 
  2. ^ "Cabinet of Abhisit government announced". The Nation. December 20, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  3. ^ James R. Klein (2003), The Battle for Rule of Law in Thailand: The Constitutional Court of Thailand, Centre for Democratic Institutions, Australian National University, p. 65, retrieved 8 November 2012 
  4. ^ Assembly XLV, The Cabinet, retrieved 8 November 2012
  5. ^ Assembly L, The Cabinet, retrieved 8 November 2012
  6. ^ Assembly LIII, The Cabinet, retrieved 8 November 2012
  7. ^ a b James R. Klein (2003), The Battle for Rule of Law in Thailand: The Constitutional Court of Thailand, Centre for Democratic Institutions, Australian National University, p. 41, retrieved 8 November 2012 
  8. ^ Nualnoi Treerat (2005), "Combating corruption in the transformation of Thailand", Corruption and Good Governance in Asia (Routledge): 259 
  9. ^ Sheila S. Coronel (2008), "Investigative Reporting and the Struggle for the Public Sphere", Free Markets Free Media?: Reflections on the political economy of the press in Asia (Asian Media and Communication Centre): 101 
  10. ^ Michael Kelly Connors (2005), "Thailand: The Facts and F(r)ictions of Ruling", Southeast Asian Affairs 2005 (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies): 374 
  11. ^ "Sanan voted new Mahachon Party leader", The Nation, retrieved 8 November 2012 
  12. ^ "Sanan's girls play key roles", The Nation, retrieved 8 November 2012 
  13. ^ "Sanan's red wine hits the shelves", The Nation, retrieved 8 November 2012