Sanandaj

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For the administrative subdivision, see Sanandaj County.
Sanandaj
سنندج
سنە
City
Sanandaj at night.jpg
Official seal of Sanandaj
Seal
Sanandaj is located in Iran
Sanandaj
Sanandaj
Coordinates: 35°18′52″N 46°59′32″E / 35.31444°N 46.99222°E / 35.31444; 46.99222Coordinates: 35°18′52″N 46°59′32″E / 35.31444°N 46.99222°E / 35.31444; 46.99222
Country  Iran
Province Kurdistan
County Sanandaj
Bakhsh Central
Government
 • Mayor Kamyab Shadman
Elevation 1,538 m (5,046 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 311,446
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0871
Website Sanandaj municipality

Sanandaj About this sound pronunciation  (Persian: سنندج‎, Kurdish: Sine/ سنە ) is the capital of Kurdish Culture and Kurdistan Province at Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 311,446.[1] Sanandaj is the twenty-third largest city in Iran. Until the 17th century it was only a small village, when the governor of the region, Suleyman Khan Ardalan, built (or renovated) a fortress there, known as "Sena Dezh", which gave the town its Persian name.[2] Some sources date the origin of the fortress to the to the period of Abbasid rule (750–1258).[3]

Society[edit]

The economy of Sanandaj is based upon the production of carpets, processed hides and skins, milled rice, refined sugar, woodworking, cotton weaving, metalware and cutlery.


The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish, but the city does also have an Armenian minority.[4] Until the Iranian revolution, the city had a small Aramaic-speaking Jewish community of about 4,000 people.[5]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies it as continental Mediterranean (Dsa). Temperatures in Sanandaj range from -8.2 to 35.1 (Celsius). Rainfall varies from 6.0 to 270.0 (mm/month). The average seasonal temperature in Sanandaj is 15.20 C in spring, 25.20 C in summer, 10.40 C in autumn and 1.60 C in winter. In a study, the maximum absolute temperature was found to be 44 C, the minimum absolute -31 C, and the average annual temperature 13.10 C. The average relative humidity was 69% at 06:30 hours and 38% at 12:30 hours. The average annual rainfall was 497.3 mm and the maximum daily, 61 mm. The average number of frosty days was 111.4; and the maximum number of hours of sunshine over the entire year 2,786.2.

Climate data for Sanandaj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
6.9
(44.4)
13.1
(55.6)
19.1
(66.4)
25.2
(77.4)
32.3
(90.1)
36.8
(98.2)
36.1
(97)
31.6
(88.9)
23.9
(75)
15.6
(60.1)
8.5
(47.3)
21.2
(70.1)
Average low °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−4.8
(23.4)
0.1
(32.2)
4.5
(40.1)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54)
17.1
(62.8)
16.4
(61.5)
10.4
(50.7)
5.8
(42.4)
1.1
(34)
−3
(27)
5.2
(41.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71.8
(2.827)
67.7
(2.665)
86.9
(3.421)
73.1
(2.878)
42.5
(1.673)
1.8
(0.071)
0.4
(0.016)
0.7
(0.028)
0.8
(0.031)
29.2
(1.15)
57.3
(2.256)
58.4
(2.299)
490.6
(19.315)
Avg. precipitation days 12.4 12.0 13.3 12.0 9.0 1.0 0.3 1.0 0.8 5.8 8.2 10.9 86.7
Source: World Meteorological Organisation

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  2. ^ Geoffrey Khan, The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Sanandaj, Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, p. 1.
  3. ^ Sanandaj Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved 16 July 2014.
  4. ^ Sanandaj Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved 16 July 2014.
  5. ^ Geoffrey Khan, The Jewish Neo-Aramaic Dialect of Sanandaj, Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, p. 1.

External links[edit]