Sanatruces of Parthia

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Coin of Sanatruces.

King Sanatruces of Parthia (Persian: سیناتروک‎) (also Sinatruces or Sanatruk, c. 157 BC – 70 BC) ruled the Parthian Empire from c. 77 to c. 70 BC. He was a member of the Arsacid house, who, according to work attributed to Lucian, in the troubled times after the death of Mithridates II in c. 88 BC was made king by the Sacaraucae Scythians or Saka, an Indo-European tribe akin to the Parthians who had invaded Iran in about 77 BC.[1][2]

"Sinatroces, king of Parthia, was restored to his country in his eightieth year by the Sacauracian Scyths, assumed the throne and held it seven years." Makrobioi, 15.[3]

He died c. 70 BCE and was succeeded by his son Phraates III.[4]

Sanatruces in Byzantine tradition[edit]

Another Sanatruces (Sanatrucius), the son of Mithridates IV is mentioned as an ephemeral Parthian king in 115 AD by John Malalas, in his Chronographia.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Les villes du sud-ouest de l'Afghanistan. C. Baratin. In: Afghanistan, ancien carrefour entre l'est et l'ouest, p. 181, ISBN 2-503-51681-5
  2. ^ "The Commerce of Kapisene and Gandhāra after the Fall of Indo-Greek Rule." K. Walton Dobbins. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 14, No. 3 (December , 1971), p. 286.
  3. ^ [1] The Makrobioi or 'Long Life'.
  4. ^ The Parthians, p. 35. (1967). Malcolm A. R. Colledge. Frederick A. Praeger, New York; Washington.

References[edit]

Sanatruces of Parthia
Born: 157 BC Died: 70 BC
Preceded by
Orodes I (80 BC)
...
Unknown ruler
Great King (Shah) of Parthia
77–70 BC
Succeeded by
Phraates III