Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon

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Sancha of Castile
Alfons Sancha.jpg
Sancha and Alfonso
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure 18 January 1174 – 25 April 1196
Spouse Alfonso II of Aragon
Issue
Constance of Aragon
Peter II of Aragon
Alfonso II, Count of Provence
House House of Burgundy
Father Alfonso VII of León and Castile
Mother Richeza of Poland
Born 21 September 1154/5
Died 9 November 1208(1208-11-09)
Villanueva de Sigena
Burial Monastery of Santa María de Sigena
Religion Roman Catholicism

Sancha of Castile (21 September 1154/5 – 9 November 1208) was the only surviving child of King Alfonso VII of Castile by his second queen, Richeza of Poland, who was the daughter of Vladislav II, Duke of Silesia. On January 18, 1174, she married King Alfonso II of Aragon at Zaragoza; they had at least eight children who survived into adulthood (see below).

A patroness of troubadours such as Giraud de Calanson and Peire Raymond, the queen became involved in a legal dispute with her husband concerning properties which formed part of her dower estates. In 1177 she entered the county of Ribagorza and took forcible possession of various castles and fortresses which had belonged to the crown there.

After her husband died at Perpignan in 1196, Sancha was relegated to the background of political affairs by her son Peter/Pedro II, and she retired from court, withdrawing to the convent for noble ladies, the Monastery of Santa María de Sigena, at Sigena, which she had founded. There she assumed the cross of the Order of St John of Jerusalem which she wore till the end of her life. The queen mother entertained her widowed daughter Queen Constanza of Hungary (1179–1222) at Sijena prior to her leaving Aragon for her marriage with the emperor Frederick II in 1208. She died soon afterwards, aged fifty-four, and was interred in front of the high altar of her foundation at Sigena; her tomb is still to be seen.

Issue[edit]

References[edit]

  • E.L. Miron, The Queens of Aragon: Their Lives and Times, Stanley Paul & Co, London (c1910).
Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon
Cadet branch of the Anscarids
Born: 21 September 1154/5 Died: 9 November 1208
Royal titles
Preceded by
Agnes of Aquitaine
Queen consort of Aragon
1174–1196
Succeeded by
Marie of Montpellier
Preceded by
Petronilla of Aragon
Countess consort of Barcelona, Girona, Osona and Besalú
1174–1196
Preceded by
Ermengarde de Béziers
Countess consort of Roussillon
1174–1181
Succeeded by
Ermesinda de Rocaberti