Sancha of León
|Empress of All Spain
Queen of León and Castile
18th-century Statue in the Royal Palace of Madrid
|Spouse||Ferdinand I of León and Castile|
|Issue||Urraca of Zamora
Elvira of Toro
|Father||Alfonso V of León|
|Died||27 November 1067|
|Burial||Basilica of San Isidoro|
Sancha of León (? – 27 November 1067) was a Queen of León.
In 1029, a political marriage was arranged between her and count García Sánchez of Castile. However, having traveled to León for the marriage, García was assassinated by a group of disgruntled vassals. In 1032, Sancha was married to García’s nephew and successor, Ferdinand I of León and Castile.
At the Battle of Tamarón in 1037 Ferdinand killed Sancha’s brother Bermudo III of León, making Sancha the heir and allowing Ferdinand to have himself crowned King of León, Sancha thereby became Queen. Following Ferdinand’s 1065 death and the division of her husband’s kingdom, she is said to have played the futile role of peacemaker among her sons.
Sancha had five children:
- Urraca of Zamora
- Sancho II of León and Castile
- Elvira of Toro
- Alfonso VI of León and Castile
- García II of Galicia
Death and burial
She died in the city of León on 27 November 1067. She was interred in the Royal Pantheon of the Basilica of San Isidoro, along with her parents, brother, husband, and her children Elvira, Urraca and García.
The following Latin inscription was carved in the tomb in which were deposited the remains of Queen Sancha:
"H. R. SANCIA REGINA TOTIUS HISPANIAE, MAGNI REGIS FERDINANDI UXOR. FILIA REGIS ADEFONSI, QUI POPULAVIT LEGIONEM POS DESTRUCTIONEM ALMANZOR. OBIIT ERA MCVIII. III N. M."
Which translates to:
"Here lies Sancha, Queen of All Spain, wife of the great king Ferdinand and daughter of king Alfonso, who populated León after the destruction of Almanzor. Died 3 November 1108."
- Blanco Lozano, Pilar. Colección diplomática de Fernando I (1037–1065). León: Centro de Estudios e Investigación «San Isidoro» (CSIC-CECEL) y Archivo Histórico Diocesano, 1987. ISBN 84-00-06653-7.
- Martínez Díez, Gonzalo. Sancho III el Mayor: Rey de Pamplona, Rex Ibericus. Madrid: Marcial Pons Historia, 2007.
- The Royal Ancestry Bible, Royal Ancestors of 300 Colonial American Families Vol. 3 (chart 2186) by Michel L. Call
- Fernández del Pozo, José María (1999). Alfonso V (999) Vermudo III (1029-1037). Burgos. ISBN 84-89915-07-5.
- Bernard F. Reilly, 26.
- Justo Pérez de Urbel and Ricardo Del Arco y Garay, Historia de España, vol. 6, España cristiana, comienzo de la reconquista (711-I038), 2d ed.
- Reilly, Bernard F. 1982. The Kingdom of León-Castilla under Queen Urraca, 1109–1126, 3. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
- Gómez-Moreno, María Elena (1947). Mil Joyas del Arte Español. Barcelona: Instituto Gallach.
- Sureda, Joan (1988). Historia Universal del Arte: Románico/Gótico. Barcelona: Editorial Planeta
- Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy". Genealogy.EU.
|Countess of Castile
|Queen of Castile
Alberta, Queen of Castile
Jimena of Castile
|Queen of León
Agnes of Aquitaine
Mayor of Castile
|Empress of Spain
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sancha of León.|