Sancho García of Castile
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|Sancho García of Castile|
|Father||García Fernández of Castile|
|Mother||Ava of Ribagorza|
Sancho was the son of count García Fernández and his wife Ava of Ribagorza. He rebelled against his father with the support of Al-Mansur of Córdoba. This resulted in the partition of the county between father and son, and the county was not reunited until his father's death five years later. He renewed the Reconquista by rebelling against Almanzor, alongside his brother-in-law/cousin García Gómez and their mutual cousin García Sánchez II of Pamplona. Sancho led the coalition that was defeated at the Battle of Cervera in July 1000, but in early September successfully turned back the Córdoban invasion of his county. Almanzor was again campaigning against Sancho in 1002 when another battle occurred, remembered by the Christians as the Battle of Calatañazor and Muslims as the Pedroso expedition. The two sides report different outcomes to the battle itself, but Almanzor died of injuries received in the conflict, removing Sancho's primary antagonist and leaving the Caliphate of Córdoba in crisis. Sancho ruled for another 15 years. In 1010, he intervened in Ribagorza, bringing about an end to Muslim domination there and leading to the abdication of his aunt countess Toda, and the establishment of a partition between Castilian-educated William Isarn, illegitimate son of Toda's brother and predecessor count Isarn, and Raymond Sunyer of Pallars, husband of Sancho's sister Mayor. Following his death in 1017, he was succeeded by his own son García.
Family and issue 
Sancho married his cousin Urraca Gómez, sister of count García Gómez and daughter Beni Gómez leader, count Gómez Díaz of Saldaña by Muniadona Fernández of Castile, Sancho's aunt. They had:
- Muniadona Mayor, eldest daughter, married Sancho III of Navarre, through whom right to the county eventually passed.
- Ferdinand, died before 2 March 999
- Tigridia, abbess of San Salvador de Oña, which he founded for her to direct.
- Sancha, married Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona
- García, who succeeded his father
They may also have been parents of:
- Urraca, wife of Sancho VI William of Gascony
|Count of Castile