Sancho VI of Navarre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sancho VI of Navarre
Sello de Sancho el Sabio.svg
Sketch of an incompletely preserved seal of Sancho VI, shown on a horse in the Mediterranean style (from the left side), holding a sword in one hand and a lance in the other, with a large Norman shield covered in an otherwise unknown device.
Spouse Sancha of Castile, Queen of Navarre
Father García Ramírez of Navarre
Mother Margaret of L'Aigle
Born (1132-04-21)21 April 1132
Died 27 June 1194(1194-06-27) (aged 62)
Burial Pamplona Cathedral
Religion Roman Catholicism

Sancho VI Garcés (Basque: Antso VI) (21 April 1132 – 27 June 1194), called the Wise (el Sabio), was the king of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194.

Son of King García Ramírez and Queen Margaret of L'Aigle, Sancho was the first to use the title "King of Navarre" as the sole designation of his kingdom, dropping Pamplona out of titular use.

His reign was full of clashes with Castile and Aragón. He was a monastic founder and many architectural accomplishments date to his reign. He is also responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe.

He tried to repair his kingdom's borders which had been reduced by the Treaties of Tudején and Carrión, which he had been forced to sign with Castile and Aragón in his early reign. By the Accord of Soria, Castile was eventually confirmed in its possession of conquered territories. He was hostile to Raymond Berengar IV of Aragón, but Raymond's son Alfonso II divided the lands taken from Murcia with him by treaty of Cazorla in 1179. In 1190, the two neighbours again signed a pact in Borja of mutual protection against Castilian expansion.

He died on 27 June 1194, in Pamplona, where he is interred.

He married Sancha of Castile in 1157, the daughter of Alfonso VII. Their children were:

His illegitimate children were:

  • Sancho (died in 1207)
  • Guilhelmo (died in 1220), count of Marches
  • Zylda (died in 1232), who was married with Guilhelmo Sanchez
  • Ramiro
Sancho VI of Navarre
Born: 21 Apr 1132 Died: 27 June 1194
Regnal titles
Preceded by
García Ramírez
King of Navarre
Succeeded by
Sancho VII