The Sancta Sanctorum chapel (Italian: Chiesa di San Lorenzo in Palatio ad Sancta Sanctorum) is a side chapel from the Scala Sancta (holy staircase) of the Lateran Palace, Rome. The artwork of the Sancta Sanctorum in Rome was the basis for the art at Assisi. The spelling is sancta, the neuter plural form of the Latin adjective "holy": this is a reference to the multiple relics preserved there ("the most holy things") and to the Holy of Holies in Jerusalem, traditionally called in Latin both Sanctum sanctorum (the singular form) or Sancta sanctorum.
- The image of St Francis: responses to sainthood in the thirteenth century - Page 352 Rosalind B. Brooke - 2006 "The vault of the Sancta Sanctorum is blue with gold stars, to represent the firmament, and so are the vaults of the transepts and apse at Assisi. The symbols of the Evangelists holding open books, each with an appropriate gospel text,"
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