Sancti Spíritus Province

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This article is about the Cuban province. For other uses, see Sancti-Spíritus (disambiguation).
Sancti Spíritus Province
Province of Cuba
Sancti Spiritus in Cuba.svg
Country Cuba
Capital Sancti Spíritus
Area[1]
 • Total 6,779.81 km2 (2,617.70 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 465,468
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-41

Sancti Spíritus is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is the identically named Sancti Spíritus. Another major city is Trinidad.

Geography[edit]

The southern coast of the province is flat, but the western portion of Sancti Spíritus province is mountainous. The southeast has numerous mangroves and swamps. The northern coast contains significant wetlands and protected areas such as the Bay of Buena Vista and the Caguanes National Park.

The largest man made reservoir in Cuba, the Embalse Zaza, is in Sancti Spíritus province.

History[edit]

During the 17th century, both Dutch and British pirates attempted to take control of what is today Sancti Spíritus province, but with little success, as the Spanish garrison held them off. From 1660 to 1680, Trinidad was plagued by pirates from Jamaica and Tortuga, and on two occasions, pirates razed the city.

The provinces of Cienfuegos, Sancti Spíritus, and Villa Clara were once all part of the now defunct province of Las Villas.

Economy[edit]

Tourism is a big earner for the province, with most of the tourism centered on the old city of Trinidad, a World Heritage-listed city which has dozens of colonial buildings (and almost no 20th-century architecture), dating back to the Spanish conquest in the 16th century.

Francisco Iznaga,[2] a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first thirty years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected Mayor of Bayamo in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage which finally settled in Sancti Spíritus and Trinidad, the location of the Torre Iznaga. His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900.

In the area, as with most of Cuba, sugar cane and cattle are important commodities. Large surfaces are irrigated in the farmland between Zaza Reservoir, Zaza River, and Jatibonico River in La Sierpe region. Some tobacco and rice are also grown.

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Location Remarks
Cabaiguán 67,224 7002597000000000000597 7002597000000000000231 22°05′2″N 79°29′43″W / 22.08389°N 79.49528°W / 22.08389; -79.49528 (Cabaiguán)
Fomento 33,528 7002471000000000000471 7002471000000000000182 22°06′19″N 79°43′12″W / 22.10528°N 79.72000°W / 22.10528; -79.72000 (Fomento)
Jatibonico 42,708 7002765000000000000765 7002765000000000000295 21°56′47″N 79°10′3″W / 21.94639°N 79.16750°W / 21.94639; -79.16750 (Jatibonico)
La Sierpe 16,937 70031035000000000001,035 7003103500000000000400 21°45′39″N 79°14′36″W / 21.76083°N 79.24333°W / 21.76083; -79.24333 (La Sierpe)
Sancti Spíritus 133,843 70031151000000000001,151 7003115100000000000444 21°56′3″N 79°26′37″W / 21.93417°N 79.44361°W / 21.93417; -79.44361 (Sancti Spíritus) Provincial capital
Taguasco 36,365 7002518000000000000518 7002518000000000000200 22°00′19″N 79°15′54″W / 22.00528°N 79.26500°W / 22.00528; -79.26500 (Taguasco)
Trinidad 73,466 70031155000000000001,155 7003115500000000000446 21°48′16″N 79°58′58″W / 21.80444°N 79.98278°W / 21.80444; -79.98278 (Trinidad)
Yaguajay 58,938 70031032000000000001,032 7003103200000000000398 22°19′50″N 79°14′13″W / 22.33056°N 79.23694°W / 22.33056; -79.23694 (Yaguajay)
Source: Population from 2004 Census.[3] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[4]

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the province of Sancti Spiritus had a population of 463,009.[3] With a total area of 6,736.51 km2 (2,600.98 sq mi),[5] the province had a population density of 68.7/km2 (178/sq mi).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población" (PDF). Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. 
  2. ^ Jorge Iznaga. FRANCISCO IZNAGA Iznaga Genealogy (IZNAGA - 1420 - Present), Retrieved 5 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  4. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  5. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-02. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sancti Spíritus Province at Wikimedia Commons