Sanctity of Life Act

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The Sanctity of Life Act was a bill first introduced in the United States House of Representatives by Rep. Steve Stockman (R-TX) on July 20, 1995, and cosponsored by Rep. Barbara Cubin (R-WY). It was reintroduced with similar text by Rep. Ron Paul (R-TX) in 2005 in the 109th United States Congress,[1] 110th United States Congress,[2][3] 111th United States Congress,[4] and the 112th United States Congress.[5] The repeatedly introduced bill sparked advocacy from pro-life activists and opposition from pro-choice activists.[6]

Summary[edit]

Findings[edit]

The Sanctity of Life Act would have defined human life and legal personhood (specifically, natural personhood) as beginning at conception,[7][8] "without regard to race, sex, age, health, defect, or condition of dependency."[9] By contrast, the Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002 amended 1 U.S.C. § 8 to provide that legal personhood includes all Homo sapiens who are "born alive".[10]

Section 2(b)(2) of the Sanctity of Life Act further would have recognized that each state has authority to protect the lives of unborn children residing in the jurisdiction of that state.[11] Such legislative declarations are nonbinding statements of policy and are used by federal courts in the context of determining the intent of the legislature in legal challenges.[12][13]

Provisions[edit]

The Act would have amended the federal judicial code to remove Supreme Court and district court jurisdiction to review cases arising out of any statute, ordinance, rule, regulation, or practice, or any act interpreting such a measure, on the grounds that such measure: (1) protects the rights of human persons between conception and birth; or (2) prohibits, limits, or regulates the performance of abortions or the provision of public funds, facilities, personnel, or other assistance for abortions.[14]

Legislative history[edit]

The Stockman bill, H.R. 2087, was introduced on July 20, 1995, and immediately referred to the House Committee on the Judiciary. It was then referred to the Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties on July 28, 1995.

The first Paul bill, H.R. 776, was introduced on February 10, 2005, and again referred to the Judiciary committee, which referred it to the Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property on April 4, 2005. It had five cosponsors.

On February 15, 2007, Paul reintroduced the Act in the 110th Congress, with four cosponsors; he reintroduced another version with the same name on June 6, 2007, with five cosponsors. The bills, H.R. 1094 and H.R. 2597, were referred to the Judiciary committee. The committee referred the first bill to the Subcommittee on the Constitution on March 19, 2007, and the second bill to the Subcommittee on Courts on July 16, 2007; both bills expired in subcommittee. In 2009, Paul reintroduced another version of the bill H.R. 2533 with one cosponsor.

Ron Paul introduced it again in March 2011, as H.R. 1096, for the 112th Congress (2011-2012).[15]

Pro-life advocacy[edit]

Paul's reintroduction of the bill was introduced the same year as the We the People Act, which would have removed “any claim based upon the right of privacy, including any such claim related to any issue of ... reproduction” from federal court jurisdiction. After neither bill passed the 109th Congress, the GayWired internet portal criticized Paul's legislation, saying that "the woman bearing the fetus is also an individual whose rights seem less important to Paul than those of the fetus or the state government."[16]

Paul spoke passionately about his pro-life position, which includes his introduction of the Sanctity of Life Act, while campaigning for U.S. president in 2007, such as in Lawton, Iowa.[17] In 2011 and 2012, Ron Paul pointed to the Sanctity of Life Act to demonstrate his commitment to pro-life principles.[18] Paul Dorr of nearby Ocheyedan became Paul's Iowa campaign field coordinator because of Paul's strong pro-life stance, stating that unlike other Republicans, Paul does not abandon his position while in office; Paul's sponsorship of the Sanctity of Life Act was immediately cited.[19]

When Paul mentioned the legislation in a personal "Statement of Faith",[20] CBN News White House correspondent David Brody noted that Paul was an exception to the pattern of the 2008 Republican candidates for president not engaging in "God talk".[21] The California Catholic Daily also cited Paul as "abortion's 'unshakeable foe'" with the Act as evidence.[22]

On January 22, 2008, the 35th anniversary of Roe v. Wade, Norma McCorvey ("Jane Roe"), now a pro-life activist, endorsed Paul for president based on his authorship of the Sanctity of Life Act and the We the People Act.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Library of Congress - THOMAS. "Bill Summary & Status 109th Congress (2005 - 2006) H.R.776 CRS Summary". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  2. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "Bill Summary & Status 110th Congress (2007 - 2008) H.R.1094". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  3. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "Bill Summary & Status 110th Congress (2007 - 2008) H.R.2597". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  4. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "Bill Summary & Status 111th Congress (2009 - 2010) H.R.2533". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  5. ^ "H.R. 1096: Sanctity of Life Act of 2011, Bill Overview". Govtrack.us. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  6. ^ Priest, John. "Ron Paul is dangerous". Central Michigan University. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  7. ^ "Ron Paul: The great GOP hope?". Doylestown Intelligencer. 2007-07-12. p. A6. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  8. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "Bill Text 112th Congress (2011-2012) H.R.1096.IH". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  9. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "Bill Text 112th Congress (2011-2012) H.R.1096.IH". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  10. ^ 1 U.S.C. § 8(a). "Born-Alive Infants Protection Act of 2002". Government Printing Office. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  11. ^ The Library of Congress- THOMAS. "H. R. 1096". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  12. ^ Norman J. Singer, Sutherland Statutory Construction, 6th Edition, Vol. 1A (West Group 2000).
  13. ^ American Jurisprudence 2d, Vol. 73, "Statutes" (West Group 2001).
  14. ^ "The Sanctity of Life Act of 2007: Detailed summary". WashingtonWatch.com. Retrieved 2007-09-13. 
  15. ^ "H.R. 1096: Sanctity of Life Act of 2011". GovTrack.us. June 4, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Ocamb, Karen (2007-12-20). "The Mavericks: Mike Gravel and Ron Paul". GayWired. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  17. ^ Hayworth, Bret (2007-08-07). "Ron Paul critical of Iraq war, abortion rights". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  18. ^ Ron Paul 2012. "Abortion". Ron Paul 2012 Official Campaign Website. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  19. ^ Hayworth, Bret (2007-08-08). "Paul preaches nonintervention, less government". Sioux City Journal. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  20. ^ Paul, Ron (2007-07-21). "Statement of Faith". Covenant News. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  21. ^ Brody, David (2007-08-24). "Brody File Guessing Game: Which Candidate Wrote This: 'I Freely Confess That Jesus Christ is My Personal Savior.'". CBN News. Retrieved 2009-05-02. [dead link]
  22. ^ "Abortion’s "unshakeable foe": Presidential candidate Ron Paul visits California". California Catholic Daily. 2007-09-13. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 
  23. ^ McCorvey, Norma (2008-01-22). "Pro-Life Activist Norma McCorvey ('Jane Roe' of Roe v. Wade) Endorses Ron Paul for President". Business Wire. Retrieved 2009-05-02. 

External links[edit]