Santuario de San Juan Evangelista
|Santuario De San Juan Evangelista
(Old Dagupan Church)
|Location||Zamora St. & Jovellanos St., Dagupan, Pangasinan, Philippines|
|Year consecrated||1974, 2011|
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Parish church (Shrine)|
|Leadership||Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas|
|Designated as NHL:||16 February 2011|
The 1614 Santuario De San Juan Evangelista also known as the Shrine of St. John the Evangelist (Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines) Dagupan City (Jovellanos St. & Zamora St., Dagupan, 2400 Pangasinan) or "Old Dagupan Church" belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan, Philippines (Suffragan of Lingayen – Dagupan, which was created on January 19, 1970 and canonically erected on April 11, 1970). This Old Dagupan Church is a Shrine under a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines from the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia.
It belongs to the Vicariate I: Vicariate of Saints Peter and Paul (Queen of Apostles) (with Catholic population of 87,093, Feast day of December 7, Team Moderator, Chancellor and Vicar General: Msgr. Rafael S. Magno, Jr., PC N.N., assisted by, Member: Rev. Alvin P. Platon and Parochial Vicar, Rev. Dexter Z. Cariño and Guest Priest, in charge of the Hospitals, Rev. Roberto Mejia). Its titular head is Socrates B. Villegas, DD, assisted by Auxiliary Msgr. Renato P. Mayugba, DD. (the official Rector of the Dagupan Santuario. It is bouded by nearby cities of San Carlos, Alaminos and Tarlac.
The Old Dagupan Church is named in honor of Saint John the Evangelist (יוחנן Standard Hebrew Yoḥanan, Tiberian Hebrew Yôḥānān meaning "Yahweh is gracious", Greek: Εὐαγγελιστής Ἰωάννης) (c. AD 1 – c. 100), the conventional name for the author of the Gospel of John. Traditionally he has been identified with the author of the other Johannine works in the New Testament—the three Epistles of John and the Book of Revelation, written by a John of Patmos—as well as with John the Apostle and the Beloved Disciple mentioned in the Gospel of John. However, at least some of these connections have been debated since about 200.
The Augustinians ruled the town and Parish from 1590 to 1613. Dagupan as Bagnotan was Dominican Provincial Chapter Vicariate of 1614, with Patron, St. John the Evangelist, and Kura Paroko, Father Kuis Huete. Until 1643, Dagupan was part of Calasiao, Pangasinan until its independence on 1720.
Andres Malong burned the church and convent in 1660 and rebuilt by Rev. Pedro de Rama in 1816. In 1895, Rev. Vicente Iztegui rebuilt the façade damaged by the March 16, 1892 quake. Padre Gregorio Paz constructed the Convento, the Bishop's residence. In 1891, St. Albert the Great College was founded but destroyed by the 1936 floods. Msgr. Evaristo Soriano in 1936 renovated the Church.
During the 1898 Katipunan revolution, the Spanish authorities of Pangasinan abandoned Lingayen and moved to Dagupan, where the provincial government was housed at the Dagupan Convento. Nuestra Señor del Rosario, Our Lady of Manaoag was brought to the Dagupan Convento.
The construction of the new Cathedral begun under Archbishop Mariano Madriaga, DD, and was eventually finished under Msgr. Federico Limon, SVD, DD. It was consecrated on 27 December 1974.
Vicar General and Chancellor of the Archdiocese, Msgr. Rafael S. Magno, Jr., stated that Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia covers all Pangasinan parishes (whole of northern Luzon). On May 19, 1928, the Diocese of Lingayen (Pangasinan and 11 Tarlac, 10 Nueva Ecija, and 3 Zambales towns) was decreed under Most Rev. Cesar Maria Guerrero, who was succeeded by Archbishop Mariano Madriaga.
On May 11, 1954, Dagupan became the seat of the Lingayen-Dagupan Archdiocese. On February 16, 1963, Pope Paul VI decreed the formal reconstitution of the Diocese of Lingayen into an Archdiocese covering all of Pangasinan but severing Tarlac and Nueva Ecija, while the diocese of La Union was created and separated from Nueva Segovia becoming another suffragan of Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan from 1970.
On 31 May 1964, the Cathedral's cornerstone was laid by Archbishop Mariano A. Madriaga, DD, with Msgr. Evaristo Soriano, a the parish priest. The church was built at the rear side of the old cathedral facing corner Burgos and Calimlim Streets. From 1966-1969, Msgr. Evarito Soriano started the rehabilitations, and the Church was finished in 1972 by Msgr. Federico G. Limon, DD. On 26–27 December 1974, St. John the Evangelist Church was inaugurated.
On January 12, 1985, Western Pangasinan became Diocese of Alaminos, and the eastern part, as Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta, for both became suffragans of Lingayen-Dagupan along with Diocese of Cabanatuan, San Jose (Nueva Ecija) and San Fernando, La Union.
Msgr. Oscar V. Cruz, DD, succeeded Msgr. Federico Limon, SVD, DD, in 1991 as Archbishop of Lingayen-Dagupan, and renovated the destroyed church (by the 1990 Killer Quake). From 1992, the restoration and renovation was finished and on 10 February 2001, the "Re-Dedication of the Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist" was presided by Msgr. Oscar V Cruz, DD.
Formal dedication and transfer
By the November 1, 2010 Act of Socrates B. Villegas, DD, and the February 15, 2012 Decree, Cardinal Francesco Monterisi granted the Metropolitan Cathedral of Saint John the Evangelist the title “special bond of spiritual affinity” with the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, on the eve of the 49th anniversary of Lingayen-Dagupan as Metropolitan See. It is the second church in the Archdiocese of Lingayen Dagupan to be granted the title. There are only 4 other papal basilicas worldwide - Dagupan Cathedral, Saint Peter, Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Saint John Lateran and Saint Mary Major. All others are minor basilicas.
Fr. Oliver Mendoza, San Fabian, Pangasinan Parish Priest explained why the Dagupan Cathedral has 2 horizontal bars in its Cross: "xxx it symbolizes that the church has been elevated into a higher level in the hierarchy of Catholicism, from a mere parish church to a cathedral (unlike before Archbishop Oscar V. Cruz's term-retirement)."
Its 1974 consecration as Cathedral of the Metropolitan See of Lingayen-Dagupan by then Papal Nuncio Bruno Torpigliani (6 Jun 1973 Appointed - Apr 1990 Retired)† Apostolic Nunciature to the Philippines had not been recognized by the Vatican City.
The Old (Zamora St.) Dagupan Church, "Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista" was destroyed in the July 16, 1990, killer earthquake and has since been renovated. Inside the Sanctuario, the Spanish forces holed up and fought but failed against the Katipunero forces of General Francisco Macabulos in the Battle of Dagupan. From July 19 to 28, 1898, Generals Servillano Aquino and Francisco Macabulos liberated Tarlac from Spanish rule. They came to Dagupan to assist the Pangasinan Katipuneros.
On October, 2012, the Golden Jubilee of Lingayen Dagupan as a Metropolitan Archdiocese, was declared opened with the establishment of the Association of Religious Men and Women in the Archdiocese of Lingayen Dagupan or ARMWALD.
On December 27, 2010, the Feast of St. John the Evangelist, the Most Reverend Edward Joseph Adams (since 24 August 1996), Philippine Papal nuncio led the historic transfer of the Lingayen-Dagupan Metropolitan Cathedral from Zamora street to nearby Burgos street, presided by Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas after Pope Benedict XVI's approval of the Petition to name the St John church on Burgos street as the Metropolitan Cathedral, the former was named "Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista", an Archdiocesan Shrine. 76 priests from 30 various parishes 3 suffragan dioceses con-celebrated the Solemn Jubilee Mass amid the opening of the great Dagupan Cathedral Jubilee Door.
Inside the old Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista of Dagupan, Leonor Rivera Kipping, Dr. Jose Rizal’s lost love, married Henry Kipping, a British engineer who set up the Dagupan railway station.
Liturgical celebrations and services
Dagupan's Santuario de San Juan Evangelista retained its Cathedral status from (Archbishop Mariano A. Madriaga's having transferred the seat of the Diocese from Lingayen to Dagupan in) 1954 until 1972 when the new Burgos St. Cathedral was built and consecrated. But the Vatican transfer Decree of 1972 was overlooked by the Church hierarchy. Socrates B. Villegas, DD, therefore, filed a Petition for Clarification of the status (transfer), resulting in the 27 December 2010, Official Proclamation of the Transfer of the Metropolitan Cathedral from the church in Zamora St. to the one along Burgos St. was made.
The Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista, therefore, is distinct from the Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist. The Cathedral is the cathedral or seat and Mother of the Archdiocese of the Lingayen-Dagupan. The Dagupan Old Church, now "Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista", however, was constituted as a special “sanctuary”, centering on the devotion to St. John the Evangelist. It was bestowed, therefore, the title of “shrine” where the Blessed Sacrament adoration can be held regularly. Msgr. Renato P. Mayugba, DD, the Auxiliary of Lingayen-Dagupan, is the Rector or Chief of the Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista.
Daily Liturgical Celebrations and Services (12:15 PM ) are held at the Shrine, including Parochial liturgical services (funerals, weddings, and baptisms, jubilees and anniversaries, such as priestly and other similar celebrations like retreats, studies and conferences). The Sacrament of Reconciliation is bestowed every 11:45 AM. The Adoration and Benediction (BEC, Catechists and Youth, Adorers of the Holy Trinity, Adoration Nocturna and Holy Name Society) with Evening Prayers are also celebrated (5:30 PM to 6:30 PM, Mondays.) The Vicariate takes charge of the Adoration and Benediction (BEC, Catechists and Youth, Adorers of the Holy Trinity, Adoration Nocturna, Holy Name Society, Divine Mercy, Charismatic Communities and other covenanted groups, Apostleship of Prayer, Family and Life including CFC, CF, WME, Daughters of Mary Immaculate, Knights of Columbus, Lay Ministers, seminarians of the Mary Help of Christians College Seminary, Bonuan Gueset).
Pangasinan Handwritten Unity Bible (HUB)
On June 11, 2011, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan's Biblical Apostolate, the Episcopal Commission on Biblical Apostolate (ECBA), Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines and the Philippine Bible society (PBS) aunched the Pangasinan Handwritten Bible at the Sanctuario de San Juan Evangelista, Dagupan City. Lingayen-Dagupan Auxiliary Bishop Renato P. Mayugba, ECBA Vice Chairman and Chairman of the John Paul I Biblical Center of Northern Luzon, Archbishop Socrates B. Villegas and Msgr. Jesus A. Cabrera, Bishop-Emeritus of Alaminos, intera alia, attended the event.
The Hand Written Unity Bible (HUB) with 35,000 writers (35,656 verses from 78 books the bible, of each verse in 7 sessions for the 2013 manuscript) will result into 2 columns(English-Pangasinan) "May They Be One" handwritten Bible which will include interspersed Deuterocanonical books. The Bible Enthronement with Bibliodrama by the ALD Biblical Apostolate began at the Sanctuario.
The CBCP on January 20, 2012 adoption the New English Translation of the Roman Missal. “In effect, what is contained in the said new English translation must be followed,” said CBCP president Archbishop Jose S. Palma (October 3 letter). The Santuario, under the Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan started using the new English version of the Lord’s Prayer since February, 2012.
Main altar and the Retablo
Main altar, Sanctuary
The faithful at Sunday Mass
The Shrine's Monsignor (Sunday Homily)
Patio and Interior of the Archbishop's Palace
Socrates B. Villegas (incumbent's residence)
Rear facade of the Archbishop's Palace
- Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History Book vi. Chapter xxv.
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Apocalypse
- Visperas, Eva (2010-12-26). "Papal Nuncio to lead Pangasinan cathedral rites". Philippine Star. Retrieved 2012-12-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dagupan.|
- Official website
- Lingayen-Dagupan Archdiocese
- ‘Metropolitan Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist’
- Papal Nuncio to lead Pangasinan cathedral rites, Eva Visperas December 26, 2010
- Cathedrals in the Philippines
- Catholic Website
- Dagupan City
- List of Parishes
- The 2010–2011 Catholic Directory of the Philippines (published by Claretian Publications for the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines, June 2010)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15633c.htm