Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima
- For the Basilica in New York, please see: Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Fatima
The Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fátima (also known as the Fátima Shrine, the Sanctuary of Fátima or Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary) is a Roman Catholic Marian basilica in Fátima, Portugal. Its construction began in 1928 and it was consecrated in October 1953.
The basilica is built at the site of the Marian apparitions reported by three Portuguese children in 1917 and known as Our Lady of Fátima. The tombs of Blessed Francisco Marto, Blessed Jacinta Marto and Sister Lúcia, the three children, are in the Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary. Scenes of the Marian apparitions are shown in stained glass.
The fifteen church altars are dedicated to the fifteen mysteries of the Rosary. The large church organ was installed in 1952 and has about twelve thousand pipes. Four statues of the four great apostles of the Rosary and to the devotion to the Immaculate Heart of Mary are at the four corners of the Basilica: Saint Anthony Mary Claret, Saint Dominic, Saint John Eudes and Saint Stephen, King of Hungary.
The shrine attracts a large number of Roman Catholics, and every year pilgrims fill the country road that leads to the shrine with crowds that approach one million on May 13 and October 13, the significant dates of the Fátima apparitions. Overall, about four million pilgrims visit the basilica every year.
The Chapel of Apparitions is at the very heart of the basilica. The exact location of the apparitions is marked by a marble pillar which holds a statue of the Virgin Mary.
The Paul VI Pastoral Center was inaugurated on May 13, 1982, by Pope John Paul II, as a center for study and reflection on the message of Fátima. It can seat over two thousand people and has accommodation for four hundred pilgrims.
The entrance to the Fátima Sanctuary, which is to the south of the rectory, is a segment of the Berlin Wall intended to emphasize the belief that the Rosary prayers influenced the fall of the Berlin Wall related to the Consecration of Russia based on the Our Lady of Fátima messages.
The large statue of Our Lady of Fatima, which stands in the niche above the main entrance of the basilica, was sculpted by American priest Thomas McGlynn, O.P. Father McGlynn spent considerable time with the visionary Sister Lúcia as she described for him in detail how Mary looked during her appearances to the children. The statue is not what Father McGlynn had in mind when he approached Sister Lúcia, but is more accurately described as a collaboration between visionary and sculptor, producing perhaps the most accurate representation of Our Lady of Fátima ever to be sculpted. The statue was presented as a gift from the Catholic people of the United States to the Sanctuary of Fátima in 1958.
- Our Lady of Fátima
- Church of the Most Holy Trinity
- Roman Catholic Marian churches
- Religion in Portugal
- Rosary and scapular
- University of Dayton
- Trudy Ring, 1996, International Dictionary of Historic Places, ISBN 978-1-884964-02-2 page 245
- Sacred Destinations
- Leo Madigan, A Pilgrim's Handbook to Fatima, Gracewing Press ISBN 0-85244-532-6 page 168
- Regis St. Louis and Robert Landon, 2007, Portugal, Lonely Planet Press ISBN 978-1-74059-918-4 page 290
- Dominican Priest and Sculptor Thomas McGlynn http://www.domcentral.org/library/McGlynn/default.htm
- Sanctuary of Fátima — Official Website
- The Chapel of Apparitions (Live 24h) — Official Website
- Official Vatican Statement releasing the Message of Fátima
- Online version of the Book: "Fátima in Sister Lucia’s own words"
- "The 13th Day" - Film about the Miracle of Fátima
- Pictures of Fátima
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