Sandgate, Queensland

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Sandgate
BrisbaneQueensland
Sandgate Post Office.gjm.JPG
the former Sandgate Post Office (now 4017 Bar & Grill)
Population 4,626 (2011)[1]
 • Density 1,076/km2 (2,790/sq mi)
Established 1853
Postcode(s) 4017
Area 4.3 km2 (1.7 sq mi)
LGA(s) City of Brisbane,
Deagon Ward
State electorate(s) Sandgate
Federal Division(s) Lilley
Suburbs around Sandgate:
Brighton Brighton Moreton Bay
Bracken Ridge Sandgate Moreton Bay
Deagon Deagon Shorncliffe

Sandgate is a coastal suburb in Brisbane, Australia, 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north of the Brisbane CBD. The town became a popular escape for the people of Brisbane in the early 20th century. At the 2011 Australian Census the suburb recorded a population of 4,626.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census the population of Sandgate was 4,626, 51.4% female and 48.6% male.

The median/average age of the Sandgate population is 43 years of age, 6 years above the Australian average.

77.8% of people living in Sandgate were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 5.9%, New Zealand 3.7%, Scotland 0.8%, Ireland 0.6%, Philippines 0.5%.

92.1% of people speak English as their first language 0.5% German, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% French, 0.3% Filipino, 0.3% Italian.

Geography[edit]

Sandgate is situated on the coastline, along Bramble Bay. It is connected to the QR Citytrain network. The western border of the suburb is marked by the Gateway Motorway. A large section to the west of the suburb is known as the Deagon Wetlands which is part of the North East Wetlands of Brisbane.[2]

Name[edit]

The name of the area may have been inspired by Sandgate on the coast of county Kent, England by James Burnett, an early surveyor in the region.[3] Sandgate in Kent had a military camp, Shorncliffe Camp, on top of the cliffs adjacent to it. Sandgate in Brisbane also has an adjacent suburb called Shorncliffe.

History[edit]

Sandgate Town Hall
The Sandgate Fire Brigade outside the Sandgate Fire-Brigade Station in 1923

Land in Sandgate became available in 1853,[4] allowing a small seaside settlement to develop. By 1874, coach services connected Sandgate to Brisbane.[5] The coming of the railway in 1882 promoted more rapid development of the Sandgate area. Travel to Brisbane by train could be completed in less than one half hour. Sandgate was declared a town by the Governor of Queensland in 1880.[4] This new status meant a town council was formed to guide the development of the local area. Initially, the council chambers were located in Shorncliffe. However, following a fire which destroyed the council chambers in 1910, a much larger town hall was opened in 1911. The Sandgate Town Hall was extensively renovated in 2011 to mark the 100th anniversary of the hall.

The Sandgate Council, which operated from 1880 to 1924, had to provide a range of services for the growing community.[6] These included a fire department, ambulance, and sanitation facilities, as well as maintaining roads and regulating local development. In 1925 Sandgate Council was amalgamated into the City of Brisbane.

As well as the town hall, Sandgate includes another historic landmark, which is the Baptist church on the corner of Cliff Street and Flinders Parade. The church first opened in the late 19th century and has since undergone multiple restorations, yet has continued to remain in its original structure - although it is now no longer operating as a church, being now utilised as a child care centre.

Swimming at Moora park in 1937

Sandgate boasted clean beaches that were a popular weekend destination, with thousands of people visiting from Brisbane to escape the heat.[4] Boating, swimming and golf were the most common sporting activities. Moora Park was the location for dances and open-air films.[5]

Sandgate is also home to a community theatre group called Sandgate Theatre Incorporated, which has been performing in the Sandgate Town Hall for over 50 years, having been continuously running since 1958. The theatre group is also host to Brisbane's longest running community theatre festival – the Yarrageh festival which is run in August/September each year at the Town Hall.

Heritage listings[edit]

Sandgate has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Facilities[edit]

Holidaymakers at Sandgate, ca. 1920-1930.

Most of Sandgate's facilities are located along Brighton Road, the main street in Sandgate, which include numerous banks, shops, services and a small shopping centre anchored by a Woolworths supermarket. Woolworths previously traded adjacent to the site of the centre until the opening of the new store in February 2009. The old Woolworths site has been redeveloped in to an Aldi supermarket and opened in December 2013.[12] The Sandgate railway station on the Shorncliffe line is also within a short walk from these facilities.

Sandgate includes two schools, the Sacred Heart Primary School and Sandgate State School, both of which are also within walking distance from the railway station.

Recreational facilities in Sandgate include numerous parks, walking and bike tracks and a municipal swimming pool on Flinders Parade.

In 2009, the Sandgate Post Office was relocated to other premises and the heritage-listed building was sold; it was renovated and is now operating as the 4017 Bar & Grill (4017 being the postcode for Sandgate).[13][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sandgate (QLD) State Suburb". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "North East Wetlands". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Gregory, Helen; Dianne Mclay (2010). Building Brisbane's History: Structure, Sculptures, Stories and Secrets. Warriewood, New South Wales: Woodslane Press. p. 150. ISBN 9781921606199. 
  4. ^ a b c Hogan, Janet (1982). Living History of Brisbane. Spring Hill, Queensland: Boolarong Publications. p. 91. ISBN 0-908175-41-8. 
  5. ^ a b Brisbane 150 Stories. Brisbane City Council Publication. 2009. pp. 118–119. ISBN 978-1-876091-60-6. 
  6. ^ "Wednesday 2 June 1880". The Courier-Mail. National Library of Australia. 2 June 1880. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  7. ^ "Sandgate Post Office (entry 15065)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  8. ^ "Sandgate Town Hall (entry 16327)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  9. ^ "Sandgate Baptist Church (former) (entry 4039)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  10. ^ "Sandgate War Memorial Park (entry 19576)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  11. ^ "138 Flinders Parade, Sandgate (entry 16278)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  12. ^ "ALDI Opening Date Revealed". Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "4017 Bar & Grill Sandgate". Retrieved 11 June 2012. 
  14. ^ "Sandgate Post Office". Queensland Heritage Register. Retrieved 11 June 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°19′26″S 153°04′16″E / 27.3238°S 153.0710°E / -27.3238; 153.0710