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|• Mayor (2011)||Stanley Wirak (AP)|
|• Total||303 km2 (117 sq mi)|
|• Land||286 km2 (110 sq mi)|
|Area rank||273 in Norway|
|• Rank||8 in Norway|
|• Density||212/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||18.3 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1102|
|Official language form||Neutral|
|Source: Statistics Norway.|
Sandnes was separated from Høyland as a municipality of its own in 1860, and gained city status the same year. On 1 January 1965, the rural municipalities of Høyland and Høle, as well as parts of Hetland, were merged with Sandnes.
The city is named after an old farm ("Sandnæs" 1723), since the city was built on its ground. The first element is sand which means "sand" or "sandy beach", the last element is nes which means "headland".
The coat-of-arms was granted on 21 April 1972. The arms show a piece of pottery, as pottery was one of the main industries in the late 18th century. The symbol is a leirgauk, which in English would be a ceramic cuckoo-bird (leir(e)= clay/ceramic and gauk/gjøk = cuckoo-bird). The ceramic Sandnes-cuckoo (Norwegian: sandnesgauker) is an ocarina or simple flute which was made by the potteries in Sandnes and used to advertise their products. Later it also became a nickname for people from Sandnes.
The city of Sandnes is located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Stavanger, and these two cities have expanded so as to form a conurbation. The municipality of Sola is located to the west, Klepp and Time to the south, and Gjesdal and Forsand to the east. The fjord Gandsfjorden is situated north-south and ends in the centre of Sandnes. The international airport of Stavanger is situated in Sola.
Sandnes's districts are Austrått, Figgjo, Ganddal, Hana (includes Aspervika and Dale), Høle, Lura, Malmheim, Riska, Sandved, Soma, Stangeland, Sviland, and Trones.
The landscape of the Sandnes and Stavanger region is quite flat. On the long west coast there are several beaches and further inland the land is raised to form low plains with some small peaks rising up to 400 to 500 metres (1,300 to 1,600 ft) above sea level. From Stavanger and Sandnes it is approximately one hour by car to alpine and skiing resorts. In Sandnes there are some easily accessible small mountain peaks, such as Dalsnuten and Lifjell, with a view over the Sandnes/Stavanger area. The renowned Lysefjord is also easily accessible by car or boat.
Distance to some cities
- Stavanger 12 kilometres (7.5 mi)
- Kristiansand 155 kilometres (96 mi)
- Bergen 170 kilometres (110 mi)
- Oslo 305 kilometres (190 mi)
- Ålesund 400 kilometres (250 mi)
- Trondheim 570 kilometres (350 mi)
- Tromsø 1,360 kilometres (850 mi)
- Vigrestad 40 kilometres (25 mi)
Sandnes hosts a large array of retail shops of most kinds and is used by the neighbouring municipalities appreciating the service and wide range of selections. Sandnes is known as Norway's bicycle city, mainly due to the fact that the bicycle manufacturer Øglænd DBS was situated here for decades. The city offers a variety of routes for everyday riders and tourists. Since 1996 a public bicycle rental programme has been in operation in the city.
The city has a vibrant industrial base, mainly in the Ganddal area in the south and the Lura and Forus area in the north towards the Stavanger boundary. There is significant activity related to oil exploration in the North Sea and also some IT related companies. In this suburban region between Sandnes and Stavanger, malls and department stores have also been established. Among these malls is one of Norway's biggest malls, Kvadrat meaning "square" (although it is not square shaped anymore as it has expanded several times since it opened in 1984).
Around 30% of the population is employed in Stavanger (Q4 2004).
Sandnes was formerly known as the pottery town of Norway - due to the important ceramics industry based on the extensive occurrence of clay in the surroundings.
Culture and sports
The primary football team (Sandnes Ulf) currently plays in the highest division of Norwegian professional football.
The major tourist attraction in Sandnes is the Science Factory (Vitenfabrikken). It is a 4000 square meters big science museum with science and art exhibitions, a planetarium, sun telescopes and chemistry shows.
Sandnes is the only city in Norway which is a member of the World Health Organisation’s network of Healthy Cities.
Higher education facilities include Forus Upper Secondary School, Sandnes Upper Secondary School, Gand Upper Secondary School, Akademiet Upper Secondary School and Lundehaugen Upper Secondary School. In 2010 Forus and Lundehaugen were no longer Upper Secondary Schools, Lundehaugen is now a High School. Most of Forus and Lundehaugen merged into a new school named Vågen.
People from Sandnes
Sandnes is the home of professional poker player Annette Obrestad, who was born in Stavanger, just 9.3 miles away. Annette became the youngest ever winner of a WSOP bracelet when winning the Betfair World Series of Poker Europe title in September 2007 at the age of 18.
The winner of Norwegian Idol 2004 was Kjartan Salvesen from Sandnes, whose first album sold 40.000 copies in Norway (double platinum).
- "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
- Projected population - Statistics Norway
- By change in municipal boundaries per 1 July 1957, 18 persons were transferred from 1123 Høyland to 1102 Sandnes. Per 1 January 1965, 1102 Sandnes, 1123 Høyland, a part of 1126 Hetland (2 077 persons) and 1128 Høle (except for 37 persons who were transferred to 1122 Gjesdal), were merged to one municipality, 1102 Sandnes.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- "Fakta om næringslivet i Sandnes". Sandnes Kommune.
- Arild Hulk Haugen, Facebook
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sandnes.|
|Look up Sandnes in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Municipal fact sheet from Statistics Norway
- Rogaland travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Sandnes travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Municipality website (Norwegian)
- City map
- The official tourism site of the Stavanger region
- Website about the city of Sandnes-Norway