|Member of the European Parliament
14 July 2009
|European Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries|
1 May 2004 – 11 November 2004
|Preceded by||Franz Fischler|
|Succeeded by||Mariann Fischer Boel|
|Foreign Minister of Latvia|
7 November 2002 – 9 March 2004
22 December 1952 |
Togur, Tomsk Oblast, Soviet Union
Sandra Kalniete (born 22 December 1952) is a Latvian politician, author, diplomat and independence movement leader. She served as Foreign Minister of Latvia 2002–2004 and as European Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries in 2004. Since 2009, she has served as Member of the European Parliament for the European People's Party.
She is currently a member of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) and Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development (AGRI). Additionally she is on the Delegation to the EU-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee and the Vice-Chair for the Delegation for relations with Japan. Kalniete is also the chairperson of the Reconciliation of European Histories Group, an all-party group in the European Parliament involved in promoting the Prague Process. The group includes 40 MEPs from across the political spectrum including the European People's Party, the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats, the Greens, and the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
She has previously served as Ambassador to the United Nations (1993–97), France (1997–2000) and UNESCO (2000–02). Beside her native Latvian language she is also fluent in English, French and Russian languages.
Kalniete was born in Togur, Tomsk Oblast, Siberia, Russia, where her family had been deported from Latvia by the Soviet secret police during the occupation of her country by the Soviet Union, for use as slave labour. She only saw her native country when she was seven years old.
She studied art at Latvian Academy of Art from 1977 to 1981 and worked as an art historian, publishing a book, Latvian textile art, in 1989. She joined politics in 1988, during Latvia's independence movement, and was a deputy chairwoman and one of the founders of Latvian Popular Front, the main pro-independence political organization. Ms. Kalniete has graduated the Department of Art History and Art Theory in the Art Academy of Latvia (1981), the Institute for International Studies in Leeds University (1992), The Graduate Institute of International Studies at the University of Geneva (1995), and has a Master of Arts from Art Academy of Latvia (1996).
After Latvia declared independence, Kalniete worked in Latvia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and served as Latvia's ambassador to the UN (from 1993 to 1997), France (from 1997 to 2000) and UNESCO (from 2000 to 2002).
She became Foreign Minister of Latvia in November 2002 and served in this position until in 2004 when she was appointed the first Latvian Commissioner of the European Union in charge of Agriculture and Fisheries.
A big part of the Latvian society was shocked after she was not re-nominated as Latvia's EU Commissioner. Afterwards, Kalniete stepped aside from politics and refused the low-rank diplomatic positions she was offered.
At the beginning of 2006, Kalniete joined the New Era Party. In October 2006, she was elected to the Latvian parliament. She was the candidate of the New Era Party for the post of Latvia's president, before withdrawing in favor of Aivars Endziņš on 24 May 2007.
In 2008, Kalniete announced she was leaving the New Era Party. She joined the newly founded Civic Union and became the party's leader. In the European Parliament election, 2009 she was elected as a Member of the European Parliament.
Human rights activism
Having been born into a family who were the victims of Soviet crimes, Sandra Kalniete is involved in many human rights causes pertaining to totalitarian crimes. She is the chair of the Reconciliation of European Histories Group, an all-party group in the European Parliament aimed at coming to terms with the totalitarian past in many countries of Europe.
In 2004, she argued that "behind the Iron Curtain the Soviet regime continued to commit genocide against the peoples of Eastern Europe and, indeed, against its own people [...] the two totalitarian regimes—Nazism and Communism—were equally criminal." She elaborated on this in 2006 when she came up with death counts for the two regimes, pointing out that the Soviet Union killed around 94.5 million people.
She is an author of three books:
- Latviešu tekstilmāksla (Latvian Textile Art), 1989.
- Es lauzu, tu lauzi, mēs lauzām. Viņi lūza (I broke, you broke, we broke. They fell apart), a book about Latvia's independence movement, published in 2000.
- Ar balles kurpēm Sibīrijas sniegos (With dancing shoes in Siberian snows), a book about the deportation of her family to Siberia during the Joseph Stalin era and her family’s efforts to return to their home country, first published in 2001.
- "Prjaņiks. Debesmannā. Tiramisū." (Gingerbread. Sweet-porridge. Tiramisu), Rīga, Zelta grauds 2012.
With dancing shoes in Siberian snows was published in French as En escarpins dans les neiges de Sibérie and was nominated for the documentary book of the month by the readers of Elle magazine. Since its publishing it has been translated into more than ten languages.
The book Ar balles kurpēm Sibīrijas sniegos, Riga, Latvia: Atēna, 2001 (ISBN 9984-635-78-3) has been translated into several languages:
- Albanian: "Këpucë balerine mbi dëborën siberiane". Transl.: Durim Taçe. Skopje, Macedonia: Shkupi (2010). ISBN 978-608-216-022-1
- French: En escarpins dans les neiges de Sibérie. Transl.: Velta Skujina. Paris, France: Editions des Syrtes, 2003. ISBN 2-84545-079-6
- German: Mit Ballschuhen im sibirischen Schnee. Transl.: Matthias Knoll. München, Germany: Herbig Verlag, 2005. ISBN 3-7766-2424-8
- Italian: Scarpette da ballo nelle nevi di Siberia. Transl.: G. Weiss. Milano, Italy: Libri Scheiwiller, 2005. ISBN 88-7644-445-9
- Czech: V plesových střevíčkách sibiřským sněhem. Transl.: Michal Škrabal. Praha, Czech Republic: Lubor Kasal, 2005. ISBN 80-903465-5-3
- Swedish: Med högklackade skor i Sibiriens snö. Transl.: Juris Kronbergs. Stockholm, Sweden: Atlantis, 2005. ISBN 91-7353-066-2
- English: With Dance Shoes in Siberian Snows. Transl.: Margita Gailītis. Riga, Latvia: The Latvian Occupation Museum Association, 2006. ISBN 9984-9613-7-0
- Russian: В бальных туфельках по сибирским снегам. Riga, Latvia: Atēna, 2006. ISBN 9984-34-183-6
- Finnish: Tanssikengissä Siperiaan. Transl.: Hilkka Koskela. Helsinki, Finland: Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö, 2007. ISBN 978-951-0-32096-9
- Dutch: Op dansschoenen in de Siberische sneeuw. Transl.: Marijke Koekoek. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Uitgeverij van Gennep, 2006. ISBN 978-90-5515-702-0
- Arabic: Cairo, Egypt: Sphinx Agency for Arts and Literature, 2009.
- A Spanish translation is in progress.
Career experience and political activities
- June 2009 – Member of the European Parliament (Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee, Agricultural un Rural Development committee, Women’s Rights and Gender Equality committee)
- April 2008 – Leader of the “Civic Union” party
- January 2008 – Left party “New Era”
- October 2006 – Member of Parliament of Republic of Latvia (Foreign Affairs commission and European Affairs commission)
- January 2006 – Member of right conservative party “New Era”
- March 2005 – Ambassador, Special Adviser to EU Commissioner for Energy
- March 2005 – Member of the Board of Trustees of the independent think tank Friends of Europe, Member of Editorial Board of Europe’s World
- December 2004 – Member of the Administrative Board of Robert Schuman Fondation (France)
- 1 May – 20 November 2004 – the European Commissioner
- 7 November 2002 – 9 March 2004 – Minister of Foreign Affairs
- 2000 – 2002 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and Permanent Representative of the Republic of Latvia to UNESCO
- 1997 – 2002 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Latvia to France
- 1993 – 1997 Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations in Geneva
- 1990 – 1993 Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Chief of Protocol, Deputy Foreign Minister
- 1988 – 1990 Latvian Popular Front (LPF): General Secretary of the LPF Coordinating Council, Deputy Chairman
- 1987 – 1988 Latvian Artists' Union: General Secretary
- 2012 – [Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana] 2nd degree (Estonia)
- 2009 – "Fondation Mérite Européen" gold medal for promoting a stronger and more united Europe
- 2009 – Medal of the Baltic Assembly, for organizing and coordinating the Baltic Way manifestation, for developing and strengthening unity among the Baltic Nations, and for the support and work lent to the people of the Baltic Nations.
- 2005. The Grand Cross of Commander of the Cross of Merit (Latvia)
- 2004.The Grand Cross of Commander of the Order of the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gedeminas (Lithuania)
- 2002, Commandeur dans l'Ordre des Palmes académiques (France)
- 2001, Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur (France)
- 2000, Cabinet of Ministers Award (Latvia)
- 1995, Commander of the Three Stars Order (Latvia)
- La Fondation pour l’innovation politique
- Rural Investment Support for Europe (RISE) Foundation
- Friends of Europe
- Fondation Robert-Schuman
- Kokneses Fonds
- Notre Europe
- Eiropas Kustība Latvijā
- Baltijas-Melnās jūras alianse
- Board of the Fiends of EUROCLIO Foundation
- Advisory board member of the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity
- "About Us – Reconciliation of European Histories Group". Reconciliation of European Histories Group. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- Valters Nollendorfs, Crimes of communism in Latvia, Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes
- Civic Union won European Parliament elections in Latvia
- Peter Meusburger, Cultural Memories: The Geographical Point of View, Springer, 2011
- Website of La Fondation pour l’innovation politique
- Website of the RISE Foundation
- Friends of Europe website
- Fondation Robert-Schuman website
- Kokneses Fonds website
- Notre Europe website
- Eiropas Kustība Latvijā website
- European Parliament, MEP profile: Sandra Kalniete
- Sandra Kalniete's Twitter account
- VoteWatch.eu on Sandra Kalniete
- European People's Party page on Sandra Kalniete
- Latvian Republics Foreign Ministry webpage on Sandra Kalniete
- European Voice topics page on Sandra Kalniete
- biography (in Latvian)
- KALNIETE, Sandra International Who's Who.
|European Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development and Fisheries
Mariann Fischer Boel
|First||Latvian European Commissioner
|Party political offices|
|New political party||Leader of the Civic Union
2008 – present