Sandwich, New Hampshire

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Sandwich, New Hampshire
Town
Location in Carroll County, New Hampshire
Location in Carroll County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°47′27″N 71°24′40″W / 43.79083°N 71.41111°W / 43.79083; -71.41111Coordinates: 43°47′27″N 71°24′40″W / 43.79083°N 71.41111°W / 43.79083; -71.41111
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Carroll
Incorporated 1763
Government
 • Board of selectmen Arthur R. Kerr II
Willard G. Martin
Mike Yeager
Area
 • Total 93.5 sq mi (242.1 km2)
 • Land 90.2 sq mi (233.7 km2)
 • Water 3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)  3.47%
Elevation 797 ft (243 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,326
 • Density 14/sq mi (5.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 03227
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-67780
GNIS feature ID 0873717
Website town.sandwich.nh.us

Sandwich is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,326 at the 2010 census.[1] Sandwich includes the villages of Center Sandwich and North Sandwich. Part of the White Mountain National Forest is in the north, and part of Squam Lake is in the southwestern corner of the town.

History[edit]

Chartered in 1763 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the land was considered so inaccessible that the grant was enlarged, making Sandwich one of the largest towns in the state. It was named in honor of John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, said to be the inventor of the sandwich.

The earliest European settlers arrived in 1767. By 1830 Sandwich had grown to a population of 2700, roughly double the current (2010) population. At that time the town contained farms, stores, mills, churches, schools, carpenters, blacksmiths, and wheelwrights.

By the end of the 1800s much of the population had left Sandwich to live in cities to the west. Sandwich began to be an attraction for visitors, summer residents and artists, which continues to this day.[2]

The League of New Hampshire Craftsmen began in Sandwich as "Sandwich Home Industries" in 1920, and continues statewide today. Each fall the town hosts the Sandwich Fair. The Durgin Bridge, built in 1864, is a covered bridge in the eastern section of town.

Geography[edit]

General store and post office c. 1910

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 93.5 square miles (242 km2), of which 90.2 square miles (234 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) is water, comprising 3.47% of the town.[3] Sandwich is drained to the east by the Bearcamp and Cold rivers, to the northwest by the Beebe River, to the southwest by Squam Lake, and to the south by the Red Hill River. Mount Israel, elevation 2,630 feet (802 m) above sea level, is at the center. Part of the Squam Mountains is in the west. Part of the Sandwich Range is in the north, including the 3,993-foot (1,217 m) Sandwich Mountain (also known as Sandwich Dome), the highest point in town.

The primary settlement in the town is Center Sandwich. Other villages include Sandwich, North Sandwich, and Whiteface.

Demographics[edit]

Upper Square in 1911

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,286 people, 564 households, and 390 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.2 people per square mile (5.5/km²). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 10.7 per square mile (4.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.82% White, 0.62% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.31% Asian, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.

There were 564 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.72.

Lower Square c. 1910

In the town the population was spread out with 22.0% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 20.2% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, and 24.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 87.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,292, and the median income for a family was $55,417. Males had a median income of $35,060 versus $25,769 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,714. About 3.5% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Lamb, Janina, Discover Sandwich New Hampshire, The Sandwich Business Group
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Sandwich town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]