Sandwick, Orkney

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Not to be confused with Sandwick, Shetland.
The Bay of Skaill, which gives the parish its name.

Sandwick (Old Norse: Sandvík,[1] meaning "Sand Bay") is a parish on the west coast of the Mainland of Orkney, in Scotland.[2] It commences four miles north of Stromness.[2]

The coast, except at the small sandy bay[2] (whence the parish's name) consists of cavernous cliffs, from 100–200 ft, and includes a lofty natural arch called the hole of Rowe, and is much flanked by insulated pillar-rocks.[2]

The interior is much diversified, and comprises both a large aggregate of flat arable land, and a considerable extent of hilly ground, partly more than 300 ft high.[2]

The chief residence is Skaill House,[3] and chief antiquities include numerous tumuli, a vitrified cairn, a remarkable cromlech, a remnant of a very large stone circle, five Norse forts, and the ruins of Sunsgar castle.[2] Notably, Skara Brae and Yesnaby are in this parish. Sandwick is the biggest parish in Orkney.

St Peter's Kirk[edit]

St Peter's Kirk, Sandwick. The sea is visible in the background.

St Peter's Kirk (also known as Skaill Kirk) is a rare surviving example of an unaltered Church of Scotland Parish Kirk of 1836. Designated a Category A listed building by Historic Scotland, the current kirk is built partly on the foundations of its predecessor built in 1670. The dedication to St Peter has probably been given to all previous chapels on the site.

Situated on an exposed site near the Bay of Skaill, it is a large harled church, with two tall windows in the centre, a bellcote and a slate roof; the interior evokes the experience of Presbyterian worship in the 19th century when over 500 people attended the church. It was acquired by the Scottish Redundant Churches Trust in 1998 and restored between 2002-3.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) Orkneyjar ok Katanes (map, Inverness, Nevis Print)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Wilson, Rev. John The Gazetteer of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1882) Published by W. & A.K. Johnstone
  3. ^ Irvine, James M. The Breckness Estate (Ashtead, 2009) Published by James M. Irvine
  4. ^ "Church of St Peter, Orkney", Historic and Listed Buildings, 2011, retrieved 18 February 2011 

Coordinates: 59°3′20″N 3°17′40″W / 59.05556°N 3.29444°W / 59.05556; -3.29444