Sandyston Township, New Jersey

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Sandyston Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Sandyston
Map of Sandyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Sandyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Sandyston Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Sandyston Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°12′49″N 74°48′49″W / 41.2136°N 74.813514°W / 41.2136; -74.813514Coordinates: 41°12′49″N 74°48′49″W / 41.2136°N 74.813514°W / 41.2136; -74.813514[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Sussex
Royal charter February 26, 1762
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Fred V. MacDonald (term ends December 31, 2014)[3][4]
 • Clerk Amanda Lobban[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 43.259 sq mi (112.040 km2)
 • Land 42.519 sq mi (110.124 km2)
 • Water 0.740 sq mi (1.917 km2)  1.71%
Area rank 46th of 566 in state
4th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 1,998
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 1,932
 • Rank 486th of 566 in state
21st of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 47.0/sq mi (18.1/km2)
 • Density rank 555th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07826 - Branchville[13]
Area code(s) 973[14]
FIPS code 3403765700[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882255[1][17]
Website www.sandystontownship.com

Sandyston Township is a small rural township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States, located in the northwestern part of the state near the Pennsylvania border. The township is surrounded by and part of many national and state parks. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 1,998,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 173 (+9.5%) from the 1,825 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 93 (+5.4%) from the 1,732 counted in the 1990 Census.[18] Sandyston's growth in recent years has been attributed to the influx of people from more urban parts of the state and even New York City, located less than 75 miles (121 km) away.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Sandyston Township as its 26th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[19]

Sandyston was first formed by Royal charter on February 26, 1762, from portions of Walpack Township. Sandyston was incorporated as a township on February 21, 1798, by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as part of the initial group of 104 townships incorporated in the state.[20]

Geography[edit]

Sandyston Township is located at 41°12′49″N 74°48′49″W / 41.2136°N 74.813514°W / 41.2136; -74.813514 (41.2136,-74.813514). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 43.259 square miles (112.040 km2), of which, 42.519 square miles (110.124 km2) of it was land and 0.740 square miles (1.917 km2) of it (1.71%) of it was water.[1][2]

The township ranges from 300 to 1,600 feet (91 to 488 m) above sea level. A ridge runs along the eastern half of the township called the Kittatinny Mountains. The highest point in the township is Sunrise Mountain in Stokes State Forest. The lowest point is around the Delaware River in the western half of the township.

Hainesville is an unincorporated community located within the township. Layton is an unincorporated community within Sandyston, served as ZIP code 07851.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 703
1820 858 22.0%
1830 1,097 27.9%
1840 1,209 10.2%
1850 1,327 9.8%
1860 1,480 11.5%
1870 1,230 −16.9%
1880 1,195 −2.8%
1890 1,084 −9.3%
1900 939 −13.4%
1910 855 −8.9%
1920 727 −15.0%
1930 610 −16.1%
1940 651 6.7%
1950 829 27.3%
1960 1,019 22.9%
1970 1,303 27.9%
1980 1,485 14.0%
1990 1,732 16.6%
2000 1,825 5.4%
2010 1,998 9.5%
Est. 2013 1,932 [11][21] −3.3%
Population sources:
1800-1920[22] 1840[23]
1850-1870[24] 1850[25] 1870[26]
1880-1890[27] 1890-1910[28] 1910-1930[29]
1930-1990[30] 2000[31][32] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,998 people, 788 households, and 561.1 families residing in the township. The population density was 47.0 per square mile (18.1/km2). There were 988 housing units at an average density of 23.2 per square mile (9.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.45% (1,947) White, 0.40% (8) Black or African American, 0.10% (2) Native American, 0.55% (11) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.30% (6) from other races, and 1.20% (24) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.40% (68) of the population.[8]

There were 788 households, of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.01.[8]

In the township, 22.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 36.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $73,750 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,449) and the median family income was $96,071 (+/- $15,669). Males had a median income of $62,071 (+/- $9,210) versus $41,875 (+/- $7,589) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $40,921 (+/- $9,604). About 2.5% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.[33]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,825 people, 693 households, and 503 families residing in the township. The population density was 42.8 people per square mile (16.5/km²). There were 907 housing units at an average density of 21.3 per square mile (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.86% White, 0.38% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.05% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.[31][32]

There were 793 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.12.[31][32]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.[31][32]

The median income for a household in the township was $55,667, and the median income for a family was $65,774. Males had a median income of $46,167 versus $30,660 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,854. About 3.6% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[31][32]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Sandyston Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the Sandyston Township Committee are Mayor Fred V. MacDonald (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Deputy Mayor George B. Harper, Jr. (R, term on committee ends 2014; term as deputy mayor ends 2013) and William J. Leppert (R, 2013).[4][34][35][36]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Sandyston Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[37] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[9][38][39]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[43][44]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[45][46] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[47] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[48]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[49] As of 2014, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2016),[50] Deputy Director Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015),[51] Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[52] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2016)[53] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[54][49] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[55] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott (R, 2016),[56] Sheriff Michael F. Strada (R, 2016)[57] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[58][55] The County Administrator is John Eskilson.[59][60]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,349 registered voters in Sandyston Township, of which 193 (14.3% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 662 (49.1% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 492 (36.5% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[61] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 67.5% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 87.1% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[61][62]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 661 votes here (65.1% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 327 votes (32.2% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 24 votes (2.4% vs. 2.1%), among the 1,015 ballots cast by the township's 1,392 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.9% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[63] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 655 votes here (64.0% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 353 votes (34.5% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 9 votes (0.9% vs. 1.5%), among the 1,024 ballots cast by the township's 1,328 registered voters, for a turnout of 77.1% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[64] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 638 votes here (67.7% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 291 votes (30.9% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 12 votes (1.3% vs. 1.3%), among the 943 ballots cast by the township's 1,163 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.1% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[65]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 475 votes here (65.6% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 157 votes (21.7% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 77 votes (10.6% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 10 votes (1.4% vs. 1.3%), among the 724 ballots cast by the township's 1,303 registered voters, yielding a 55.6% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[66]

Education[edit]

Public school students in Kindergarten through sixth grade attend the schools of the Sandyston-Walpack Consolidated School District, together with students from Walpack Township.[67] The school is located in Layton. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 144 students and 17.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 8.18:1.[68]

Students in seventh through twelfth grade for public school attend Kittatinny Regional High School located in Hampton Township, which also serves students who reside in Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Stillwater Township and Walpack Township.[69] The high school is located in Hampton, about seven minutes outside of the county seat of Newton. Kittatinny Regional High School was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School of Excellence in 1997-98.[70]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 52.47 miles (84.44 km) of roadways, of which 28.98 miles (46.64 km) were maintained by the municipality, 16.22 miles (26.10 km) by Sussex County and 7.27 miles (11.70 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[71]

U.S. Route 206 bisects the township. The Dingman's Ferry Bridge, one of the last privately owned toll bridge on the Delaware River and one of the last few in the United States, carries two lanes of PA 739 and NJ County Route 560, connecting to Delaware Township, Pike County, Pennsylvania.[72]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Township Committee, Sandyston Township. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  5. ^ Township Clerk, Sandyston Township. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 110.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Sandyston, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Sandyston township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Sandyston township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Branchville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Sandyston, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 24, 2014.
  15. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 30, 2012.
  17. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  19. ^ "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 232. Accessed October 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 19, 2013.
  23. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  24. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 271, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed February 25, 2013. "Sandyston is the most western township and borders on Pennsylvania. Its population in 1850 was 1,327; in 1860, 1,480 and in 1870, 1,230."
  25. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  26. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  27. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  28. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  29. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  30. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 25, 2013.
  31. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Sandyston township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  32. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Sandyston township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  33. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Sandyston township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  34. ^ County Election Summary - General election November 2, 2010, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 8, 2010. Accessed February 24, 2013.
  35. ^ Summary Report - Group detail / General Election November 8, 2011, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 10, 2011. Accessed February 24, 2013.
  36. ^ County Summary With Detail - General Election: November 6, 2012, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 24, 2013.
  37. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 64, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  46. ^ District 24 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 11, 2014.
  47. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  49. ^ a b Sussex County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  50. ^ Richard A. Vohden, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  51. ^ Dennis J. Mudrick, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  52. ^ Phillip R. Crabb, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  53. ^ George Graham, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  54. ^ Gail Phoebus, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  55. ^ a b Miller, Jennifer Jean. "George Graham Chosen as Freeholder at Sussex County Republican Convention", TheAlternativePress.com, April 13, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013. "Graham will fill the freeholder seat that New Jersey Assemblyman Parker Space left to take his new position. Space recently took the seat, which formerly belonged to Gary Chiusano, who in turn, was appointed to the spot of Sussex County Surrogate, following the retirement of Surrogate Nancy Fitzgibbons."
  56. ^ Home Page, Sussex County Clerk's Office. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  57. ^ Sheriff's Office, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  58. ^ Home Page, Sussex County Surrogate. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  59. ^ County Administrator, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  60. ^ Sussex County Official Directory 2014, Sussex County, New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2014.
  61. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Sussex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  62. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  63. ^ General Election November 6, 2012: District Report - Group Detail, Sussex County, New Jersey Clerk, run date November 30, 2012. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  64. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  65. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  66. ^ 2009 Governor: Sussex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  67. ^ About Us, Sandyston-Walpack Consolidated School District. Accessed February 25, 2013. "The elementary students who live in the townships of Sandyston and Walpack attend here. The students of middle and high school age attend Kittatinny Regional High School located in Hampton Township."
  68. ^ District information for Sandyston-Walpack Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed October 24, 2014.
  69. ^ Kittatiny Regional School District 2011 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed February 25, 2013. "Located in beautiful, rural Sussex County in northwest New Jersey, Kittatinny Regional School District serves the five municipalities of Fredon Township, Hampton Township, Sandyston Township, Stillwater Township and the Township of Walpack."
  70. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program: Schools Recognized 1982-1983 through 1999-2002 (PDF), United States Department of Education. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  71. ^ Sussex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  72. ^ History, Dingmans Choice and Delaware Bridge Company. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  73. ^ Dalton, Richard F. Caves of New Jersey, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - New Jersey Geological Survey. Accessed February 25, 2013.
  74. ^ A Brief History of Sandyston, Sandyston Township. Accessed July 24, 2013. "Sandyston Township measures only 42 square miles and includes Stokes State Forest and the Delaware Water Gap Recreation Area, which renders 70 percent of the township tax exempt."

External links[edit]