Sangachal Terminal

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"Sangachal" redirects here. For the village in Azerbaijan, see Sanqaçal.
Sangachal Terminal
Location
Country Azerbaijan
Location Sangachal
Coordinates 40°12′05″N 49°28′53″E / 40.201262°N 49.481270°E / 40.201262; 49.481270Coordinates: 40°12′05″N 49°28′53″E / 40.201262°N 49.481270°E / 40.201262; 49.481270
Details
Opened 1996
Operated by BP
Owned by Azerbaijan Republic
Type of harbor Oil and Gas Terminal
Size 500 hectares
Statistics
Annual cargo tonnage 3 million barrels (480×10^3 m3)

The Sangachal Terminal is an industrial complex consisting of a natural gas processing plant and oil production plant, located on the coast of the Caspian Sea 45 kilometres (28 mi) south of Baku, Azerbaijan.

History[edit]

Construction of the terminal began in 1996 with the Early Oil Project, which foresaw construction of pipelines to Supsa and Novorossiysk. Oil was first exported in October 1997. The terminal has since been expanded to include the ACG Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 3 Oil Trains, BTC's main pumping station and the Shah Deniz gas plant. Facilities at the oil production plant include separators, coalescers, three new crude oil storage tanks, Export Pumps, gas turbine power generators and a central control room.[1]

Sangachal Terminal Expansion Program[edit]

The Sangachal Terminal Expansion Program (STEP) was started in November 2001. The construction included 15,000 cubic metre of concrete, 1,600 units of steel structures, 25,000 metres (82,000 ft) of pipe, 450,000 metres (1,480,000 ft) of cables. Apart from technological works, civil construction included living accommodations for 550 people, cafeteria, movie theater, soccer field, etc. US$1.2-2 billion was spent for sub-projects realized within the STEP project.[2][3]

From the Sangachal Terminal four oil and gas pipelines carry crude oil and natural gas to the Black Sea, Turkey and the Mediterranean Sea.

The terminal expansion contract was awarded to Tekfen-Azfen joint venture[4] which employed nearly 4,000 employees for the project, 75% of which were Azerbaijani citizens. Due to finalization of the main part of the project, this number was reduced to 1,720 employees.[2]

Technical features[edit]

Sangachal Terminal has a processing capacity of 1.2 million barrels per day (190×10^3 m3/d) and 1.25 billion cubic feet (35×10^6 m3) of gas per day (bcfd). The three new crude oil storage tanks added during the STEP have a capacity of 880 thousand barrels (140×10^3 m3) each.[5] The overall storage capacity at the terminal is 3 million barrels (480×10^3 m3).[6] As of November 2009, the terminal exports 941.4 thousand barrels per day (149.67×10^3 m3/d).[7] The terminal is operated by a BP led consortium and is one of the largest oil and gas facilities in the world.[8] Other partners are from AIOC, Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, Shah Deniz and South Caucasus Pipeline projects. The terminal receives oil from the Azeri-Chirag-Guneshli field and natural gas from the Shah Deniz gas field. The oil is exported via the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline to Turkey's Mediterranean coast and via the Baku-Supsa Pipeline and the Baku-Novorossiysk Pipeline to the Black Sea coast.[9] Sangachal Terminal was mentioned in documents published by Wikileaks as one of US “critical foreign dependencies”.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]