|Group:||Group V ((-)ssRNA)|
Sangassou virus (SANGV) is single-stranded, negative-sense DNA virus species of the genus hantavirus in the Bunyaviridae family. It was first isolated in an African wood mouse (Hylomyscus simus) in the forest in Guinea, West Africa in 2010. It is named for the village near where the mouse was trapped. It is the first indigenous Murinae-associated African hantavirus to be discovered.
The virus genome consists of three segments of negative-stranded RNA; the large (L) segment encodes the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, the medium (M) segment encodes the envelope glycoproteins Gn and Gc (cotranslationally cleaved from a glycoprotein precursor), and the small (S) segment encodes the nucleocapsid (N) protein.
In rodents, hantavirus produces a chronic infection with no adverse sequelae. In humans, hantavirus produces two major clinical syndromes: hemorrhagic fever or pulmonary syndrome. European, Asian, and African rodent-borne hantaviruses cause hemorrhagic fever. The pulmonary syndrome, caused by the species Sin Nombre virus, has not been found anywhere other than the United States where deer mice are the natural hosts. It was discovered in 1993 during an outbreak in the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States.
Natural reservoirs for this hantavirus species include the split faced bat, moles, and shrews. Rodent-borne hantaviruses form three major evolutionary clades corresponding to the subfamilies of their rodent hosts. HTNV, SEOV, and DOBV are examples of Murinae-associated hantaviruses. PUUV and Tula virus (TULV) belong to the Arvicolinae-associated hantaviruses, and SNV and ANDV are representatives of Neotominae- and Sigmodontinae-associated hantaviruses.
- Klempa, B.; Witkowski, P. T.; Popugaeva, E.; Auste, B.; Koivogui, L.; Fichet-Calvet, E.; Strecker, T.; Ter Meulen, J.; Krüger, D. H. (2012). "Sangassou Virus, the First Hantavirus Isolate from Africa, Displays Genetic and Functional Properties Distinct from Those of Other Murinae-Associated Hantaviruses". Journal of Virology 86 (7): 3819–3827. doi:10.1128/JVI.05879-11. PMC 3302504. PMID 22278233.
- "CDC - Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) - Hantavirus". Cdc.gov. 2011-05-17. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- "Spectrum of hantavirus infection: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and hantavirus... - Abstract - Europe PubMed Central". Europepmc.org. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
- Klempa, B.; Fichet-Calvet, E.; Lecompte, E.; Auste, B.; Aniskin, V.; Meisel, H.; Barrière, P.; Koivogui, L.; Ter Meulen, J.; Krüger, D. H. (2007). "Novel Hantavirus Sequences in Shrew, Guinea". Emerging Infectious Diseases 13 (3): 520–522. doi:10.3201/eid1303.061198. PMC 2725914. PMID 17554814.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hantaviruses.|
- Sloan Science and Film / Short Films / Muerto Canyon by Jen Peel 29 minutes
- CDC's Hantavirus Technical Information Index page
- Viralzone: Hantavirus
- Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Bunyaviridae
- Occurrences and deaths in North and South America