Sangli

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Sangli district. For places in Iran, see Sangli, Iran.
Sangli (सांगली)
Urban Agglomeration

Nickname(s): Turmeric City,City of Six Lanes

Sangli (सांगली) is located in Maharashtra
Sangli (सांगली)
Sangli (सांगली)
Coordinates: 16°52′01″N 74°34′01″E / 16.867°N 74.567°E / 16.867; 74.567Coordinates: 16°52′01″N 74°34′01″E / 16.867°N 74.567°E / 16.867; 74.567
Country  India India
State Maharashtra
District Sangli
Founded by Harbhat Patwardhan
Government
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Body Sangli-Miraj And Kupwad City Municipal Corporation (SMKMC)smkc.gov.in
 • Mayor Mr. Vivek Kamble
Area
 • Total 118.18 km2 (45.63 sq mi)
Elevation 549 m (1,801 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 513,862
 • Rank 91
 • Density 4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym Sanglikar
Languages
 • Official Marathiमराठी
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 416416[1]
Telephone code 0233
Vehicle registration MH-10
Literacy 81.48%
Lok Sabha constituency Sangli, Maharastra
Climate Dry and Arid (Köppen)
Website sangli.nic.in

Sangli (सांगली : Marathi) (City) About this sound pronunciation  is an important business city in western India which is also district headquarters of Sangli District in the state of Maharashtra, India. As it is a leading turmeric producing and trading city, it is famous as Termeric City of Maharashtra.[2] Sangli is situated on the banks of river Krishna and houses many sugar factories. The Ganesha Temple of Sangli is a historical landmark of the city and is visited by thousands of pilgrims.

Sangli is known for Chess due to efforts by legendary Chess player and social activist Bhausaheb Padsalgikar and hosts National Level chess championship every year.

Geography[edit]

Sangli district is situated in between the Warna and Krishna rivers. The valley of the River Krishna and its tributaries offer many irrigation and agricultural advantages which drives the economy of the district and the city. Other small rivers, such as the Warana and the Panchganga, flow into the River Krishna.

History[edit]

See also: Sangli State

The region, known as Kundal (now a small village near Sangli city) in medieval India, was the capital of the Chalukya Empire in 12th century AD.[3] During the time of Shivaji, Sangli, Miraj and surrounding areas were captured from the Mughal Empire. Until 1801, Sangli was included in Miraj Jahagir. Sangli separated from Miraj in 1801, following a family quarrel between Chintamanrao Patwardhan, and his paternal uncle, Gangadharrao Patwardhan, who had succeeded his childless elder brother as the sixth chief of Miraj in 1782. Chintamanrao, a born soldier, commanded the Miraj cavalry in the Maratha armies that served with the British against the Nizam, Tipu Sultan and Dhondia Waugh. When he returned to Miraj in 1800, after his many campaigns, and having reached his majority, he found his uncle unwilling to yield control to him. Disgusted with this state of affairs, the young nephew seized the family idol and left the palace in a huff. In 1801 he established himself at a new capital at Sangli and set about taking control over as much of his patrimony as he was able to. Continuing quarrels and disagreements threatened to cause fighting, until the British Resident at the Peshwa's court decided to settle matter by effecting an agreement in 1812. This Treaty of Pandharpur was formally recognized by the British authorities in 1817, and further augmented by separate treaties with the HEIC in 1819.

Chintamanrao reigned for fifty years, during which he maintained very close relations with the British. His participation in the southern campaigns included a close association with the Duke of Wellington, with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship. He served in several other campaigns, even offering to lead contingents to Persia and Afghanistan to fight the company's enemies. However, his interests ranged more widely than mere soldering. He encouraged industry and agriculture, took an interest in religious affairs, and promoted inter-communal and inter-faith understanding, more than a century before it became the norm. He died in 1851, aged seventy five, full of honours and respect.

Dhundirajrao succeeded his father not merely as ruler, but also in continuing the good work begun by his father. However, he took a keener interest in education, building schools, colleges and vocational institutions. This interest extended to the fields of female education and the so-called backward classes, for whom he built special schools. He even promoted education amongst his Muslim subjects, a community who until then were suspicious of modern innovations. Thanks to his efforts in promoting various agricultural enterprises, Sangli is today the centre of the world turmeric trade, has the largest sugar refinery in Asia, and is the most important centre for grape production in India. Alas, despite seven marriages, he only sired two daughters. The succession was left to a distant relative, chosen by the British authorities and adopted by his senior widow.

Vinayakrao Chintamanrao, who succeeded as Chintamanrao Dhundirajrao on adoption, was no less distinguished than his two predecessors. He also reigned for a long period of sixty-four years. During this time he vastly improved the material, educational, spiritual and political development of his people. He promoted industrial and agricultural development on an unprecedented scale, making his little state something of a powerhouse in the area. Educational facilities were expanded in many areas with the establishment of arts, science, engineering and medical collages. Access to capital improved with the foundation of a state bank, which helped poor farmers and fledgling industrialists to raise funds. Representative institutions at local and state level encouraged the growth of democracy. He took an active part in supporting the war effort, in the activities of the Chamber of Princes, the Indian Round Table Conferences in London, and on the committee established to create a federal structure for India. A friend of the British and Gandhi alike, he enthusiastically supported independence and acceded to the Dominion India in 1947, then merged his state with Bombay. Raja Vijaysinhrao Patwardhan succeeded his grandfather in 1965. (In 1942 the first act play had staged in the Patwardhan Wada Rajwada names Sita Swayanvar and it was country's first play)[4]

Etymology[edit]

The city’s original name was Sahagalli — from the Marathi terms saha (“six”) and galli (“lanes”) describing the early street plan — which was later was shortened to Sangli.[5]

Sangli at present[edit]

The twin cities of Sangli and Miraj have merged to form an urban agglomeration. The cities have important education centers offering graduate and post graduate quality education in the areas of arts, science, management, medicine, and engineering. The twin cities offer infrastructure that includes railway junction, hotels, housing, public transport, telephone, high speed internet, a multiplex, shopping mall and a state-of-art sports complex.

Sangli is now emerging as one of the largest power generation hubs of India. Reliance Wind Energy (RWE), is setting up 150-MW wind power project worth Rs 900 crore with Suzlon Energy. Suzlon Energy will set up the wind farm in Sangli, one of the known wind zones in the state. Sangli has the largest trading centre for turmeric in Asia. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than thirteen sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market. Sangli is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 km² (350 acres) has been established at Palus, 30 km from Sangli city. A brand new Sangli Food Park, spread across 1.2 km² (300 acres) is under construction at Alkud ManeRajuri.

Sangli is also one of the largest Grape growing regions in Maharashtra. Government has established Krishna Valley Wine Park 30;km away from Sangli to promote wine industry also Pomegranates are cultivated in the north east region of district. Recently, Sangli has come up as a major wind power generation locations in India.[citation needed] Suzlon has set up large wind farms around Sangli city with a capacity to generate over 900 MW of power. Sangli has number of renowned education institutes which includes Walchand College of Engineering (established in 1947), Willingdon College (estaiblished in 1919), City High School (established in 1914) and Sangli High School (established in 1907). Still Sangli City expanding by its area and population though it signs many top companies have to be in the domestic industry causes needs and new employment. The state government also has proposed a large phase of land for occupation of new Sangli Airport near the suburb Kavalapur which could beneficial in the growth of the City Business Development. The work is in the progress of the National Highway which is from Shirval to Chikkodi (Karnataka) via Lonand, Phaltan, Atpadi, Vita, Tasgaon, Sangli and ahead via Miraj, Belgum to Chikkodi which would be a standard transportation service from City to another place.

Princely State of Sangli[edit]

Main article: Sangli State

The Principality of Sangli covered an area of 1112 square miles (2942 square kilometers), and had a population of 226,128 in 1901, while the population of the town itself was 16,829 in that year. In 1911, the state had a revenue estimated at £10,000. Sangli joined the dominion of India on March 8, 1948 and is currently a part of the state of Maharashtra.

Sangli was one of the 11-gun salute princely states of British India, under the Kolhapur-Dekkan Residency in the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency. It was one of the southern Maratha Jagirs. Its territory was widely scattered among other native states and British districts.

Current governance[edit]

The Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad City Municipal Corporation (S.M.K.M.C.)is the local self-government body which looks after the development of the Sangli-Miraj twin cities,serving 0.5 million citizens. The corporation is continuously working in following aspects of development: Roads and Highways- construction, repair, widening, street lighting, drainage, slum eradication and waste management However, regarding Irrigation and Water Supply, the city is ill-famed for poor water quality from many years.

Civic officials and government body[edit]

  • Mayor - Mrs. Vivek Kamble
  • Commissioner - Mr. A. Y. Karche
  • Collector - Mr. Shekhar Gaikwad
  • Deputy Mayor - Mr. Prashant Patil (Majalekar)Municipal Corporation

Turmeric Production and trade[edit]

Turmeric production and trade in nearby areas of Sangli city follows a centuries-old practice — storing turmeric in pits. These pits stretch far out in the open fields of the villages of Haripur and Sangalwadi. It is possibly the most unusual agricultural commodity-storage system in the country.

After clearing the loose soil covering the pit, it is left open for about two to three hours. One cannot enter the pit until one finds out if there is any oxygen within. To ascertain this, a lantern is lowered into the pit. If the lantern does not go out, it is safe to enter the pit.

It was this ingenious storage system, devised over 200 years ago, that turned Sangli into a major trading centre for turmeric. Raw turmeric sold by farmers is stored in these pits, eighteen to twenty feet (five to six metres) deep, for three to four years. The pits provide the best storage facility for turmeric, as the quality of the commodity remains unchanged. The turmeric hardens and matures while in storage. Today, more than 80% of the turmeric trade in India takes place in Sangli.

Educational institutes in Sangli[edit]

There are many famous educational institutes, colleges and also the schools which are shaping thousands of children's lives. To name a few are Bharati Vidyapeeth, Bapat Bal Vidya Mandir, M.K. Athavale & Krisha valley which are famous for KG to 5th std studies. Schools like City High School, Pradnya Prabodhini Prashala, Sangli High School, Patwardhan High School & Arwade High School are famous for secondary school studies. Most of the colleges in Sangli are affiliated to Shivaji University, Kolhapur. There are renowned colleges like Walchand College of Engineering is famous all over India for engineering studies and it is recently awarded autonomous status by AICTE. Wilingdon College is famous for Arts & Science studies, where as Chintamanrao College is famous for Commerce studies. Nowadays few institutes are gaining popularity in management studies. To name a few are Bharati Vidyapeeth & VP institute of Management.

Engineering colleges

WCE Sangli.jpg
  • Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Islampur
  • Sanjay Bhokre College of Engineering, Miraj, Sangli
  • Shivganga Trust's Vishweshwarya College of Engineering, Patgaon, Miraj
  • Nanasaheb Mahadik College of Engineering, Peth Naka
  • Manajirao Bhosale College of Engineering, Islampur
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Technology, Palus, Sangli
  • Latthe Education Society Polytechnic, MIDC, Kupwad, Sangli
  • Government Polytechnic, Miraj, Sangli
  • Appasaheb Birnale College of Architecture, South Shivaji Nagar, Sangli.
  • Shree Jaywantrao Bhosale Polytechnic, Killemachindragad.

Medical colleges

  • Government Medical College, Miraj
  • Gulabrao Patil Homeopathy Medical College, Miraj
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Wanlesswadi, Sangli
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College, Wanlesswadi, Sangli

Management institutes

  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Management and Rural Development Administration, Rajawada Chowk
  • Deccan Education Society Institute of Management, Vishrambaug
  • V.P.Institute of Management Studies & Research, Wanlesswadi, Sangli
  • CSM Institute of Management, KWC College, Sangli

Pharmacy colleges

  • Govt. College of Pharmacy, Miraj
  • Gulabrao Patil College of Pharmacy, Miraj
  • Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli
  • Miraj Medical Center College of Pharmacy, Miraj

Other Colleges

  • Chintamanrao College of Commerce, Sangli
  • Kasturbai Walchand College Arts, Science, & Commerce, Sangli
  • Appasaheb Birnale College of Architecture, Sangli
  • Sangli highscool & junior college, Sangli
  • Garware Women's College
  • Patangrao Kadam College, Sangliwadi (formerly known as Bhatrati Vidyapeeth's A.S.C. College, Sangli)
  • G.A.College of Commerce, Sangli
  • Gulabrao Patil B.Ed & D.Ed College
  • There is YCMOU study center famous in Maharastra course: Journalism & communication

HighSchools

  • Mount Sinai English School, Jai Hind Colony. Vishrambag, Sangli
  • Shri Ram Ramdayal Malu High School
  • Mount sinai Marathi School, Hanuman Nagar, Near Old Dhamni Naka, Sangli
  • Rani Saraswati Kanyashala
  • Miraj College
  • Vidyamandir Prashala, Miraj
  • LGR Purohit Kanya Prashala, Sangli
  • Sangli highschool sangli.
  • City highschool sangli.
  • Emmanuel English School
  • Martin's English School
  • Vasantdada patil institute of research and management, sangli- miraj road.
  • H.H.Raja Chintamanrao Patwardhan Highschool sangli
  • Shantiniketan junior college of arts & science
  • Cambridge English Medium School-Gulabrao Patil Trust's, Miraj
  • shriram ramdayal malu highschool.

Famous Personalities[edit]

Sangli was previously known as Southern Satara. Sangli is birthplace of many legends in social, Cultural as well as political reformers.

Personalities born in Sangli
Name Birthplace
Asha Bhosale Sangli
Balgandharva Village Nagthane, Sangli
Gopal Ganesh Agarkar Village Thembu
Bhagyashree Patwardhan Sangli
Vishnudas Bhave Sangli
Vijay Hazare Sangli
Yashwantrao Chavhan Village Devarashtre, Sangli
Vasatraodada Patil Sangli
V. S. Page Village Bagani, Walwa, Sangli
Krantisingh Nana Patil Bahe Borgaon, Sangli
Chintamanrao Patwardhan Sangli
Appasaheb Patwardhan Sangli
Govind Ballal Deval Born in Konkan Brought up to Sangli (Workplace)
Dadasaheb Velankar Sangli
V. S. Khandekar Sangli
G. D. Madgulkar Sangli
Annabhau Sathe Walwa, Sangli
Sai Tamhankar Sangli
B.G.Chitale Bhilwadi Town, Sangli
Bapu Biru Wategaonkar Village Wategaon, Walwa, Sangli
P.N.Gadgil Sangli
Vishwas Nangare-Patil Village Kokrud, 32 Shirala, Sangli
Kalu-Balu Kavalapur, Sangli
R. R. Patil (Aaba), Village Anjani, Tasgaon, Sangli

Tourist Attractions[edit]

There are many places to visit in and around the District like Chandoli National wildlife Park, Sagareshwar Sanctuary Park, Chandoli Dam, Dandoba Hill's etc... Some holly places are also there and visited by infinite piligrams such as Sangli, Adumbar, Narsobachi Wadi, Bramhanal.

Chandoli National Park[edit]

Location:

Chandoli National Park is located near the Chandoli Dam between longitudes 73°40' and 73°53' E and latitudes 17°03' and 17°20'N near Sangli in Western Maharashtra. It is located at the junction of Sangli District, Kolhapur District, Satara District and Ratnagiri District. It lies between the Koyna

Wildlife Sanctuary and Radhanagri Wildlife Sanctuary and forms the southern part of the Sahyadri Tiger Reserve.

History: The historical places of the park include the 17th century Shivaji's Forts, Prachitgad and Bhairavgad, of the Maratha kings Shivaji Maharaj and his son Sambhaji Maharaj. Ruins of the Bhavani temples palatial buildings in Prachitigad and Kalavantin vihir depict the ancient glory of the Maratha Empire. Most of the protected area was used an open jail for the "prisoners of war" of the early Imperial Maratha Conquests during Shivaji Maharaj's rule. Sambhaji Maharaj used Prachitgad as an observation point and recreational place.

Park Geography: The park spreads along the crest of the Sahyadri Range of the northern Western Ghats. It forms and protects many perennial water channels, water holes and the Vasant Sagar Reservoir. Elevation of the park ranges from 589–1,044 m (1,932–3,425 ft). .[5] The park receives its water supply from the Warna river and reservoir as well as several other small streams and rivers.

Flat topped mountains, rocky, lateritic plateaus called 'Saddas', almost devoid of vegetation, large boulders and caves are distinctive to the protected areas in the Sahyadri region of the Western Ghats.

Sagareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary[edit]

The sanctuary is forested, but with grassy hill slopes. The forests are southern dry mixed deciduous and southern thorn forest. Protection from grazing and forest fire has resulted in good regeneration of dry deciduous species. The forest department introduced many plants in the area, including Tamarind, Neem, Nilgiri, Acacia, Agave, and Khair.

Flora and fauna: Large animals found in the sanctuary include several types of deer (Sambar Deer, Blackbucks, Muntjac, Chital) as well as wild boar and peacocks. Small carnivores like hyena, fox and porcupines are also found in the area. A large number of insects, birds and reptiles such as pythons and other snakes are also present.

Tourism: The sanctuary is a popular tourist destination, with the peak tourism season being from August to February. The most popular tourist activity is hiking to the top of a hill in the sanctuary, from which one can see the Krishna River flowing through fields of sugarcane and grapevines. Also in the area are numerous shrines to Shiva which were built during the Chalukya dynasty, and the Krishna Valley Wine Park in Palus.

About Sagareshwar: The Sagareshwar sanctuary has much religious, cultural and archaeological significance. The sanctuary derives its name from an ancient famous Shiva temple that attracts a large number of devotees. It actually consists of one large temple and a complex of 51 small temples, all from the Satvahana period. You will find the Kamal Bhairao temple, partially hewn from hard Basalt rock perched on the edge of a steep cliff. The entrance to the temple is through a narrow tunnel.

Ganapati Temple[edit]

Of all the objects of interest in Sangli City in point of beauty and magnificence. Ganesh temple is of the greatest attraction and draws Thousands of devotees every day. It is said and believed by one and all that the Patwardhan Sardars achieved power and success and ultimate greatness due to the blessings, of this deity. It is the Kuldaivat aof not only the Patwardhans but of at least more than half the population of Sangli. Besides the main temple of Ganes there are four more, but smaller ones, of Suryanarayan, Cintamanesvar, Laksmi-Narayan and Cinta−manesvari, which together with the chief deity forms the Ganapati panchyatan.

The construction work was started by the late Sri Appasahch Patwardhan and was actually completed in about 1844. The blocks of stone employed in the construction were brought from the Jyotiba hills near Kolhapur, a distance of nearly 64.37 to 72.42 km (40 to 45 miles). Those had to be brought on huge platforms which required about fifteen bullocks to pull.

The whole, including the former residence of the Chief, stands in a fairly large quadrangular court. The Chief’s residence is close by and facing the river, on which side there is a wall flanked by two bastions and loopholed for musketry. Sri Cintamanrav Appahaheb Patvardhan built the mandap at a later date. The stone used is of the same type as that employed for the construction of the original temple and the sculptural work and the designs are also befitting the original shrine. It was completed in 1952 and was inaugurated at the hands of Dr. Sarvapalli Radbakrishnan, the then Vice−President of India.

A huge and massive gate of red sand−stone, recently constructed, leads into the spacious courtyard planted with coconut palms and very many other trees and plants, in the midst of which stands the sacred temple of Ganapati. The gate has grandeur of its own and is the work of skilled architects and artisans of great repute. It is composed of three arch−shaped entrances, each crowned with a gumbos. The central arch is loftier and bigger than the side ones and has superb stone jali lattice work. They are also decorated with many other patterns and carvings. From the threshold of the gate one can have a complete view of the inside of the temple.

A finely decorated lofty door leads into the extensive mandap hall supported on eight highly polished and ornamented pillars. It has. Galleries on two sides having a number of arches formed in between very many pillars, also of polished black stout. Even the ceiling of the mandap bears lovely creeper designs, with a huge chandelier, with innumerable prism, hanging from the centre of the ceiling. In addition to the main entrance there are four more doors, two on either side. On the wall are reproduced sacred hymns from the Bhagvadgita.

The original edifice built by Sri Appiisaheb Patvardhan is on a dais of about 15.24x9.14 meters (50’x 30’) having about 14 pillars also of polished black stone. These pillars form ten arches and arc ornamented suitably. Of the same colour are the tiles thai pave the floor. In the gabhara is placed the white marble idol of Lord

Ganapati with Rddhi and Siddhi to the right and left, respectively. All these idols are housed in a small domelike structure also of white marble, which in turn is, installed on a 1.16 meters (3 1/2 ft.) pedestal of black stone. In the background is a mirror which besides reflecting the idols gives an excellent view of the front side of the temple. This part is approached by steps fixed at both the extreme ends. On the sanv platform but outside the gabhara,to the right of the visitor, is a casket of glass containing the chariot of Arjuna. While the chariot is of sandal wood, the images of Arjuna and Krushna are of ivory. It delineates Krsna preaching Bhagvadgita to Arjuna when he refused to right ihe Kauravas on the historic battle−field of Kuruksetra. The gabhara is crowned by a sikhar with a brass spire plated with gold. It bears various designs and carvings and figure−filled niches, In the corners there are smaller replicas of the main sikhar. There is a fine terrace above themandap,

The shrine is an excellent specimen of stone carvings and especially the glass−like polished stone−work evokes admiration. Unrivalled in its finish and magnificence, it has become an object of keen interest for the people visiting Sangli. Though over a century has elapsed since the construction of the original shrine it has not lost its beauty in the slightest degree. In the courtyard on either side there are two fountains, shaped like lotus flowers.

Of the remaining four temples of the pancsyatan, two, viz., Cintamanesvar and Suryanarayan are on the right side, arranged one behind the other, placing one of the fountains mentioned above in the middle. The other two, viz., Laksmi−Narayan and Cintamanesvari are on the left also arranged in the same manner. They are more or less identical replicas of the original edifice of the Ganapati temple and contain white marble idols of the respective gods and goddesses. Behind the temple of Suryannrayan there is the figure of a baby elephant shown to be Trampling a tiger under its feet. It is of black stone.

Ganesh Caturthi festival is the most important of all and attracts thousands of persons. The temple enjoys inam grants made by the Patvardhans which continue till the present day. To look after the maintenance of the temple a Ganapati Pancayatan Trust has been created. In the backyard of the Ganes temple court there is a small black stone idol of Kuranesvari. It is housed in a small arch of stone. The goddess is said to fulfill the wishes of her devotees and hence people attach much religious significance to it. People visiting the Ganes temple generally take darsan of this goddess too.

MIRAJ DARGAH

Miraj, lying between 16°45´ north latitude and 74°35´ east longitude is 9.65 km. (six miles) north of Sangli, (the district headquarters) and 48.28 km. (30 miles) east of Kolhapur. It is the headquarters of the taluka of the same name as well as of the Miraj sub−division, which besides Miraj taluka includes the talukas of Tasganv and Jath. According to the 1961 Census it has a population of 53,345.

Miraj ground−fort figures as one of the most important of the historical relics that the district possesses and hence invites some attention. Though now it is in complete ruins except the front gate it is reminiscent of the history of the Adil Sahi, Moghal and Maratha regimes. In the absence of written records we are in the dark as to the builder of the fort or the date of its construction.

The town has the offices of the prant officer, mamledar and panchayat samiti. There are two civil courts, one judicial magistrate’s court, three branch post and telegraph offices, one sub−post office, a police station, a telephone exchange, a rest house, civil and veterinary dispensaries and a maternity home. Besides the health institutions maintained by government and the town municipality there are many private hospitals and dispensaries including the famous. Wanless T.B. Sanatorium.

In respect of learning and education the town has very good facilities. Within the municipal limits there are three montes−soris, 27 primary schools, five high schools, two training schools and one technical school. The institutions noted above include those run by Government as well as by private bodies.

Within a radius of 8 km. (five miles) taking the Wellingdon College as the centre. Sangli−Miraj area has educational facilities in Arts, Science, Commerce, Medicine, Engineering and Training, barring only agriculture. Thus there are two Arts, and Science Colleges, one Commerce College, one Engineering College and one College of Education. In collaboration with the Miraj Medical Centre Government has established a Medical College at Miraj. The town has two private libraries.

The renowned singer Abdul Karim Khan who lies interred within the compounds of the Khvaja Samsuddin Mira Saheb dargah was from Miraj and his high traditions in classical music are carried on even to−day by his disciples. Towards the close of the 19th century sri Vasudev Visnusastri Khare, also from Miraj. undertook the difficult task of probing into the historical records and published as many as 14 volumes which throw valuable light on the post−Panipat period of the Maratha regime. He also wrote plays in Marathi which became very popular.

Miraj is a large trading town dealing chiefly in grains. There is a sub−market yard of Sangli City. An industrial estate is soon going to be set up. There are quite of few banks and co−operative societies offering advance finance to agriculturists for purchasing fertilizers and modern agricultural implements. The weekly bazar is held on Tuesdays and Wednesdays. Miraj town is centrally situated in respect of the means of transport and communications. It is an important junction on the Poona−Bangalore route of the South−Central Railway. From Miraj trains run to Pandharpur as also a shuttle service to Sangli, which is only 9.65 km. (six miles) off. Besides the railway there is the city bus service between Miraj and Sangli, buses plying every ten minutes to and fro. Miraj has extensive betel−leaf orchards in the surrounding villages and these leaves are sent to places like Mumbai, Pune, etc., by Train. also government has proposed land for Sangli Air Port near Village Kavalapur

Shree Kshetra Audumbar[edit]

is in Palus Taluka, 8 Kilometers east of Bhilawadi Railway station, is known for the shrine of Shree Dattatraya held in high reverence. It is said to have been built in honor of Shree Narasimha Saraswati who is supposed to be the second incarnation of Shree Dattatraya.

Nearby Holy Places[edit]

  • Brahmanand Swami Math
  • Holy village of Sangli
  • Jyotiba at WadiRatnagiri.

Cultural and Spiritual Heritage Ganesh Chaturthi The festival spares Happines to Everyone, Sangli is often visited by many saints, Yogis, tapaswis like Swami Vivekananda for their tapa, sadhana and Satsang. There are many places, known for their calm, soothing environment near Krishna river which attract devotees and Sadhus. Some of the saints belonging to this area are-

Sant shree Tatya Saheb Kotnis Maharaj, Mama Maharaj Kelkar, Dasram Maharaj Kelkar Shree Hanumandasji Maharaj etc.

Food[edit]

Sangli has many local delicacies. Bhadang is a spicy puffed rice snack seasoned with garlic and peanuts, and it is very popular. Sangli also has grapes, pomegranates, and sugarcane fields. Sanglikar's are foodie about Bhel which is famous as well as Misal Paav .

Architecture and places of interest[edit]

  • Sangli is home to the famous Ganapati Temple. Located on the banks of river Krishna, the view of the riverfront is very scenic. Many elements of the British era can still be found.
  • The Irwin Bridge of Sangli built by the British still stands strong.
  • The Rajwada (Royal Palace), now home to the court premises, reminds one of the early days.

Climate[edit]

Sangli
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.8
 
 
31
12
 
 
0.5
 
 
33
15
 
 
5.3
 
 
36
18
 
 
22
 
 
38
21
 
 
48
 
 
37
22
 
 
71
 
 
31
22
 
 
109
 
 
28
21
 
 
80
 
 
28
21
 
 
100
 
 
30
20
 
 
89
 
 
32
19
 
 
34
 
 
30
16
 
 
6.9
 
 
30
13
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Sangli has a semi-arid climate with three seasons, a hot, dry summer from the middle of February to the middle of June, a monsoon from the middle of June to late October and a mild cool season from early November to early February. The total rainfall is about 22 inches (580 mm). sangli has a chill climate all around winter.summers are dry but not so much dry like in the big metropolitan cities.rain is within its limits.

Climate data for Sangli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
33
(91)
36
(97)
38
(100)
37
(99)
31
(88)
28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
32
(90)
30
(86)
30
(86)
32
(89.6)
Average low °C (°F) 12
(54)
15
(59)
18
(64)
21
(70)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
16
(61)
13
(55)
18.3
(65.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.8
(0.15)
0.5
(0.02)
5.3
(0.209)
22.1
(0.87)
48.3
(1.902)
71.1
(2.799)
108.7
(4.28)
79.8
(3.142)
99.6
(3.921)
88.9
(3.5)
33.5
(1.319)
6.9
(0.272)
568.5
(22.384)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.indiapost.gov.in/pin/
  2. ^ Benzie, F. F.; Sissi Wachtel-Galo (2011). "13: Termeric, The Golden Spice: From TraditionalMedicine to Modern Medicine". In F. F. Benzie. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects (Second ed.). Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742, USA: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-4398-0713-2. 
  3. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/8595/2/11%20topic%20no.3.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.royalark.net/India/sangli.htm
  5. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/522386/Sangli