WCE Shilp Chintamani
|Nickname(s): Turmeric City, Wimbledon of Chess or City of Six Lanes|
|Founded by||Harbhat Patwardhan|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Sangli-Miraj And Kupwad City Municipal Corporation (SMKMC)smkc.gov.in|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Kanchan Kamble|
|• Total||118.18 km2 (45.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,300/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sangli, Maharastra|
|Climate||Dry and Arid (Köppen)|
Sangli (City) pronunciation (help·info) is an important business city in western India which is also district headquarters of Sangli District in the state of Maharashtra, India. Although it is distinguished for production and trade of turmeric, it is also called turmeric city. Sangli is situated on the banks of river Krishna and is the largest market place for turmeric in Asia and houses many sugar factories. The Ganesha Temple of Sangli is a historical landmark of the city and is visited by thousands of pilgrims.
Sangli is also known as Wimbledon of Chess and hosts National Level chess championship every year. Number of world famous chess grand masters have played in various chess tournaments held in Sangli.
Sangli district is located in the western part of Maharashtra. It is bounded by Satara and Solapur districts to the north, Bijapur District to the east, Kolhapur and Belgaum districts to the south, and Ratnagiri district to the west.
Sangli district is situated in the river basins of the Warna and Krishna rivers. The valley of the River Krishna and its tributaries is one of the greenest areas of the country. Other small rivers, such as the Warana and the Panchganga, flow into the River Krishna. Land in the region is best suitable for agriculture.
The physical settings of Sangli district shows a contrast of immense dimensions and reveals a variety of landscapes influenced by relief, climate and vegetation. The climate ranges from the rainiest in the Chandoli (Shirala) region, which has an average annual rainfall of over 4000 mm, to the driest in Atpadi and Jath tehsils where the average annual rainfall is about 500 mm. The vegetal cover too varies from the typical monsoon forest in the western parts to scrub and poor grass in the eastern parts.The Sangli district comes under Deccan plateau geographic region.
The region, known as Kundal (now a small village near Sangli city) in medieval India, was the capital of the Chalukya Empire in 12th century AD. During the time of Shivaji, Sangli, Miraj and surrounding areas were captured from the Mughal Empire. Until 1801, Sangli was included in Miraj Jahagir. Sangli separated from Miraj in 1801, following a family quarrel between Chintamanrao Patwardhan, and his paternal uncle, Gangadharrao Patwardhan, who had succeeded his childless elder brother as the sixth chief of Miraj in 1782. Chintamanrao, a born soldier, commanded the Miraj cavalry in the Maratha armies that served with the British against the Nizam, Tipu Sultan and Dhondia Waugh. When he returned to Miraj in 1800, after his many campaigns, and having reached his majority, he found his uncle unwilling to yield control to him. Disgusted with this state of affairs, the young nephew seized the family idol and left the palace in a huff. In 1801 he established himself at a new capital at Sangli and set about taking control over as much of his patrimony as he was able to. Continuing quarrels and disagreements threatened to cause fighting, until the British Resident at the Peshwa's court decided to settle matter by effecting an agreement in 1812. This Treaty of Pandharpur was formally recognized by the British authorities in 1817, and further augmented by separate treaties with the HEIC in 1819.
Chintamanrao reigned for fifty years, during which he maintained very close relations with the British. His participation in the southern campaigns included a close association with the Duke of Wellington, with whom he maintained a lifelong friendship. He served in several other campaigns, even offering to lead contingents to Persia and Afghanistan to fight the company's enemies. However, his interests ranged more widely than mere soldering. He encouraged industry and agriculture, took an interest in religious affairs, and promoted inter-communal and inter-faith understanding, more than a century before it became the norm. He died in 1851, aged seventy five, full of honours and respect.
Dhundirajrao succeeded his father not merely as ruler, but also in continuing the good work begun by his father. However, he took a keener interest in education, building schools, colleges and vocational institutions. This interest extended to the fields of female education and the so-called backward classes, for whom he built special schools. He even promoted education amongst his Muslim subjects, a community who until then were suspicious of modern innovations. Thanks to his efforts in promoting various agricultural enterprises, Sangli is today the centre of the world turmeric trade, has the largest sugar refinery in Asia, and is the most important centre for grape production in India. Alas, despite seven marriages, he only sired two daughters. The succession was left to a distant relative, chosen by the British authorities and adopted by his senior widow.
Vinayakrao Chintamanrao, who succeeded as Chintamanrao Dhundirajrao on adoption, was no less distinguished than his two predecessors. He also reigned for a long period of sixty-four years. During this time he vastly improved the material, educational, spiritual and political development of his people. He promoted industrial and agricultural development on an unprecedented scale, making his little state something of a powerhouse in the area. Educational facilities were expanded in many areas with the establishment of arts, science, engineering and medical collages. Access to capital improved with the foundation of a state bank, which helped poor farmers and fledgling industrialists to raise funds. Representative institutions at local and state level encouraged the growth of democracy. He took an active part in supporting the war effort, in the activities of the Chamber of Princes, the Indian Round Table Conferences in London, and on the committee established to create a federal structure for India. A friend of the British and Gandhi alike, he enthusiastically supported independence and acceded to the Dominion India in 1947, then merged his state with Bombay. Raja Vijaysinhrao Patwardhan succeeded his grandfather in 1965.
The city’s original name was Sahagalli — from the Marathi terms saha (“six”) and galli (“lanes”) describing the early street plan—which later was shortened to Sangli.
Sangli at present
The twin cities, Sangli and Miraj have merged to form the an urban agglomeration.The cities have important education centers offering graduate and post graduate quality education in the areas of arts, science, management, medicine, and engineering. The twin cities offers infrastructure that includes railway junction, affordable housing, public transport, telephone, high speed internet, quality hotels, a multiplex, shopping mall and a state-of-art sports complex.
Sangli is now emerging as one of the largest power generation hubs of India. Reliance Wind Energy (RWE), is setting up 150-MW wind power project worth Rs 900 crore with Suzlon Energy. Suzlon Energy will set up the wind farm in Sangli, one of the known wind zones in the state. Sangli has the largest trading centre for turmeric in Asia. The green city is inside what is called 'Sugar Belt' of Maharashtra. The district has more than thirteen sugar factories, which makes it among the highest sugar-producing districts of India. It also has oil seeds, commodities and fruit market. Sangli is also known for high quality grapes and houses many state and privately owned cold storage facilities. A grape wine park spread over 1.42 km² (350 acres) has been established at Palus, 30 km from Sangli city. A brand new Sangli Food Park, spread across 1.2 km² (300 acres) is under construction at Alkud Mane-Rajuri.
Sangli is also one of the largest grape growing regions in Maharashtra. Government has established Krishna Valley Wine Park 30;km away from Sangli to promote wine industry. Recently, Sangli has come up as a major wind power generation locations in India. Suzlon has set up large wind farms around Sangli city with a capacity to generate over 900 MW of power. Sangli has number of renowned education institutes which includes Walchand College of Engineering (established in 1947), Willingdon College (estaiblished in 1919), City High School (established in 1914) and Sangli High School (established in 1907).
Princely State of Sangli
The Principality of Sangli covered an area of 1112 square miles (2942 square kilometers), and had a population of 226,128 in 1901, while the population of the town itself was 16,829 in that year. In 1911, the state had a revenue estimated at £10,000. Sangli joined the dominion of India on March 8, 1948 and is currently a part of the state of Maharashtra.
Sangli was one of the 11-gun salute princely states of British India, under the Kolhapur-Dekkan Residency in the Bombay Presidency, and later the Deccan States Agency. It was one of the southern Maratha Jagirs. Its territory was widely scattered among other native states and British districts.
The Sangli-Miraj & Kupwad City Municipal Corporation is the local self-government body which looks after the development of the Sangli-Miraj twin cities. Sangli municipal corporation is in South Maharashtra and serves a population of 0.5 million. The corporation has planned and constructed a number of wide roads in the city, thereby reducing traffic density on the crowded streets of Sangli-Miraj.
The municipal corporation has come up with several unique ideas for city beautification, lake development, shopping centers, sanitation, slum eradication and waste management, ideas that have been widely recognized.
Turmeric Production and trade
The country's sole turmeric exchange in Sangli city boasts secrets gained through a centuries-old practice — storing turmeric in pits. These pits stretch far out in the open fields of the villages of Haripur and Sangalwadi. It is possibly the most unusual agricultural commodity-storage system in the country.
After clearing the loose soil covering the pit, it is left open for about two to three hours. One cannot enter the pit until one finds out if there is any oxygen within. To ascertain this, a lantern is lowered into the pit. If the lantern does not go out, it is safe to enter the pit.
It was this ingenious storage system, devised over 200 years ago, that turned Sangli into a major trading centre for turmeric. Raw turmeric sold by farmers is stored in these pits, eighteen to twenty feet (five to six metres) deep, for three to four years. The pits provide the best storage facility for turmeric, as the quality of the commodity remains unchanged. The turmeric hardens and matures while in storage. Today, more than 80% of the turmeric trade in India takes place in Sangli.
Civic officials and government body
- Mayor - Mrs. Kanchan Kamble
- Commissioner - Mr. Deependrasingh Kushwah (Acting)
- Collector - Mr. Deependrasingh Kushwah
- Deputy Mayor - Mr. Prashant Patil (Majalekar)
Educational institutes in Sangli
There are many famous educational institutes, colleges and also the schools which are shaping thousands of children's lives. To name a few are Bharati Vidyapeeth, Bapat Bal Vidya Mandir, M.K. Athavale & Krisha valley which are famous for KG to 5th std studies. Schools like City High School, Pradnya Prabodhini Prashala, Sangli High School, Patwardhan High School & Arwade High School are famous for secondary school studies. Most of the colleges in Sangli are affiliated to Shivaji University, Kolhapur. There are renowned colleges like Walchand College of Engineering is famous all over India for engineering studies and it is recently awarded autonomous status by AICTE. Wilingdon College is famous for Arts & Science studies, where as Chintamanrao College is famous for Commerce studies. Nowadays few institutes are gaining popularity in management studies. To name a few are Bharati Vidyapeeth & VP institute of Management.
- Walchand College of Engineering, Vishrambag, Sangli (Top Tier Autonomous Institute)
- Annasaheb Dange College of Engineering & Technology, Ashta (offers Aeronautical Engineering & VLSI Engineering courses)
- Padmabhushan Vasantraodada Patil Institute of Technology,Budhgaon
- Rajarambapu Institute of Technology, Islampur
- Sanjay Bhokre College of Engineering, Miraj
- Shivganga Trust's Vishweshwarya College of Engineering, Patgaon, Miraj
- Nanasaheb Mahadik College of Engineering, Peth Naka
- Manajirao Bhosale College of Engineering, Islampur
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Technology, Palus
- Lathe Education Society Polytechnic, MIDC, Kupwad
- Government Polytechnic, Miraj
- Appasaheb Birnale College of Architecture, South Shivaji Nagar, Sangli.
- Shree Jaywantrao Bhosale Polytechnic, Killemachindragad.
- Government Medical College, Miraj
- Gulabrao Patil Homeopathy Medical College, Miraj
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Medical College, Wanlesswadi
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Dental College, Wanlesswadi
- Vasantdada Patil Ayurvedic Medical College, Kawalapur
- Annasaheb Dange Ayurvedic Medical College, Ashta
- Rajarambapu Patil Ayurvedic Medical College, Islampur
- Vasantdada Patil Dental College, Kawalapur
Miraj and Sangli together has more than 800 hospitals, density wise it's the highest in Country.
- Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Management and Rural Development Administration, Rajawada Chowk
- Deccan Education Society Institute of Management, Vishrambaug
- V.P.Institute of Management Studies & Research, Wanlesswadi, Sangli
- Rajarambapu Patil Institute of Management, Islampur
- CSM Institute of Management, KWC College
- Balwant College, Vita
- Institute of Management, Computer and Rural Development, Vasumbe,Tasgaon
- Govt. College of Pharmacy, Miraj
- Gulabrao Patil College of Pharmacy, Miraj
- Appasaheb Birnale College of Pharmacy, Sangli
- S D Patil Institute of Pharmacy, Islampur
- Miraj Medical Center College of Pharmacy, Miraj
- Hanmantrao Patil College of Pharmacy (D Pharm),Vita
- Willingdon College of Arts & Science, Vishrambaug, Sangli
- Chintamanrao College of Commerce, Sangli
- Kasturbai Walchand College Arts, Science, & Commerce Sangli
- Appasaheb Birnale College of Architecture, Sangli
- Sangli highscool & junior college, Sangli
- SNDT Women's College
- Garware Women's College
- Patangrao Kadam College, Sangliwadi (formerly known as Bhatrati Vidyapeeth's A.S.C. College, Sangli)
- G.A.College of Commerce
- Shantiniketan College
- Gulabrao Patil B.Ed & D.Ed College
- There is YCMOU study center famous in Maharastra course: Journalism & communication
- Mount Sinai English School, Jai Hind Colony. Vishrambag, Sangli
- Mount sinai Marathi School, Hanuman Nagar, Near Old Dhamni Naka, Sangli
- Rani Saraswati Kanyashala
- Miraj College
- Vidyamandir Prashala, Miraj
- LGR Purohit Kanya Prashala, Sangli
- Arts, Science & Commerce College, Ramanandnagar, Kirloskarwadi
- Sangli highschool sangli.
- City highschool sangli.
- Emmanuel English School
- Martin's English School
- Vasantdada patil institute of research and management, sangli- miraj road.
- H.H.Raja Chintamanrao Patwardhan Highschool sangli
- Shantiniketan junior college of arts & science
- Cambridge English Medium School-Gulabrao Patil Trust's, Miraj
Sangli was previously known as Southern Satara. Sangli is birthplace of many legends in social as well as political reformers.
Gopal Ganesh Agarkar was born in Thembu [Small town in Khanapur-Aatpadi constituency].
Balgandharva was born in village called Nagthane in Sangli district.
Legend of singing Asha Bhosale was also born in Sangli..
"Sangit Natakas" (musical plays) are initiated in Sangli. Vishnudas Bhave is known to be father of the Sangit Natakas. Sangli is his birthplace but also work place.
Sangli is home of many politicians.
Famous Politician such as, Yashwantrao Chavan 1st Chief Minister of Mahatrshtra.
Pratik(dada)Patil is Union Coal Minister of State,Government of India,
Madanbahu Patil is President,remaining Maharashtra developement Corporaton,Maharashtra. Pantangrao Kadam Cabinet Minister Forest Minister & Chancellor of Bharti Vidyapeeth.
One of the legends of cricket was born in Sangli named Vijay Hazare.
Cultural and Spiritual Heritage
Sangli is a land of saints, Yogis, tapaswis because of the huge, calm, and holy river Krishna. It is said that once the great national saint Swami Vivekananda also visited Sangli. The land of Sangli has been attracting the devotees and tapaswis for their tapa and sadhana. Some names of the sants in this area are-
Sant shree Tatya Saheb Kotnis Maharaj Mama Maharaj Kelkar Dasram Maharaj Kelkar Shree Hanumandasji Maharaj and many others
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Sangli has a semi-arid climate with three seasons, a hot, dry summer from the middle of February to the middle of June, a monsoon from the middle of June to late October and a mild cool season from early November to early February. The total rainfall is about 22 inches (580 mm). sangli has a chill climate all around winter.summers are dry but not so much dry like in the big metropolitan cities.rain is within its limits.
|Climate data for Sangli|
|Average high °C (°F)||31
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Precipitation mm (inches)||3.8
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
- Benzie, F. F.; Sissi Wachtel-Galo (2011). "13: Termeric, The Golden Spice: From TraditionalMedicine to Modern Medicine". In F. F. Benzie. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects (Second ed.). Boca Raton, FL 33487-2742, USA: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group. p. 269. ISBN 978-1-4398-0713-2.