Sangrur

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This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Sangrur district.
Sangrur, India
ਸੰਗਰੂਰ
city
Punjab
Sangrur, India
Sangrur, India
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417Coordinates: 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417
Country  India
State Punjab
District Sangrur
Elevation 237 m (778 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 100,611
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 148001
Telephone code 01672
Vehicle registration PB 13
Website sangrur.nic.in

Sangrur is a city in the Indian state of Punjab, India. It is the headquarters of Sangrur District. It is located at the intersection of the roads connecting Jalandhar with Rewari and Chandigarh with Bathinda, at a distance of 77 km from Ludhiana and 58 km from Patiala. The Ludhiana-Jakhal railway line passes through it. Sangrur District was earlier predominantly rural in the southern part of Punjab. Now it is a noted centre of education and international business.

History[edit]

See also: Jind State

The earliest settlement at the site of Sangrur is believed to have begun around 2,300 B.C. Attracted by the fertile soil and availability of water, people from Sindh and Balochistan started moving and following the path of the Satluj or the Ghagger settled at Rohira. They started living in thatched huts on virgin soil, and before long, they started building houses of sun-dried bricks. By about 2,000 B.C, a new set of people is believed to have settled at the site. Their pottery was more Surdy and their equipment superior. The houses were well laid out and were fairly spacious. Sangrur is said to have been founded by one Sanghu, a Jatt, about four hundred years back.[citation needed] At one point in history, Sangrur was a part of Nabha state but during the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh it was forcefully taken from Nabha state and gifted to Jind State. The Maharaja of Jind made Sangrur winter capital of Jind state while its summer capital was Khunga Kothi, a place near Jind. It was part of PEPSU state after the partition of India and was made a district headquarters. It became part of Punjab state after the abolition of PEPSU state. District Sangrur lost a good chunk of its area to Haryana and the remaining district was further subdivided into two when its Barnala tehsil was granted a district status.Sangrur was considered to be the largest district of Punjab before Barnala became the separate district.

Geography[edit]

Sangrur is located at 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417.[1] It has an average elevation of 232 metres (761 feet).It is known as the land of agriculture & cattle.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Sangrur had a population of 78,717. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Sangrur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 68%. In Sangrur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Total area is 5021 km2.[3]

Notable people of Sangrur[edit]

  • Two of the chief ministers of Indian Punjab hailed from Sangrur, as did one chief minister of the former state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU).[citation needed]. The two Punjab Chief Ministers were Surjit Singh Barnala and Rajinder Kaur Bhathal. Late Lala Brish Bhan was the chief minister of PEPSU. Senior Akali leader and former Union cabinet minister Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa also hails from Sangrur.
  • Udham Singh was an Indian independence activist, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as the avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
  • The city has a huge number of artists, including: Ali Akbar, the music director; Bhupinder Mann, a prominent Punjabi folk singer; Pargat Singh, the lyricist; Satinder Fatta, painter and speaker; and many more.
  • Well renowned politicians and business men were born here, i.e. Naresh Goyal, owner of Jet Airways.
  • The well renowned English author Gerry Gogna living here, founder of Rock Star Senior Club Trust.

‘Sleepy’ town of Sangrur was one of the 600+ princely states in pre-independence India. The Kayasthas were hired to run the upper administration.

Tourist information[edit]

Sangrur has a few places of some historical or religious importance including Gurudwaras and Hindu Temples. It has a unique religious monuments called Samadh Baba Nagan where Parkash of Shri Guru Granth Sahib and Holi Gita are present. Daily hundreds of Sikhs and Hindus pray there and their all wishes are fulfilled. A well planned Banasar (Bagh) Garden in the north of the city with an attractive marble Baradari (Building which has 12 doors) is a popular picnic spot. There is also a King's palace in Banasar Bagh which has converted into a museum. it hosts Pictures of old Sangrur buildings, weapons, and clothes of King and Queen. It also has a small zoo which is closed now. War Heroz stadium is also situated adjoining Banasar Bagh. Hockey, Swimming, Athletics and Boxing played by young persons and government provide sports coaches for the training of these young and growing-up Youth of City Sangrur. BSNL Park is also one of the main attractions in Sangrur.

Weather[edit]

The weather in Sangrur is dry and hot in summers lasting from early March to July. Monsoon Rains start around early to mid July and last through August and end in September. It becomes too cold in December, January and February. Best time to visit Sangrur is January to March, as this time climate is too pleasant. Along with this you can enjoy festival like Lohri and Basant (Kites Festival).The climate of the district is on the whole dry and is characterized by a short monsoon, a hot summer and a bracing cold winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from November to March is followed by the hot season lasting up to the end of June. The period from July to mid-September constitutes the rainy season, of south-west monsoon, the second half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or transition period.

Education in Sangrur[edit]

The city and surroundings provide a good educational institutions, some of which are:

  • Akal Degree College, Mastuana
  • Akal Degree College (For Women), Near District Courts, sangrur.
  • Adarsh Model High School, Near Old Sabji Mandi, Sangrur.
  • Army School Sangrur
  • Bachpan English School, Sangrur
  • Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering & Technology
  • Colonel Public School,sangrur,chural kalan(since 2000)
  • Colonel collage of education,sangrur,chural kalan
  • Colonel Degree collage for woman,sagrur,chural kalan
  • Desh Bhagat Polytechnic College, Bardwal.
  • Elite Institute of Technology(CAL-C),Provides Distance Education.
  • Everest Public school(Bhindrain)
  • Guru Teg Bahadur Public School, Bardwal
  • GGS Public School Sangrur
  • Government Ranbir College, Sangrur.
  • Golden Earth Global School
  • Holy Heart Convent School, Mangwal, Sangrur
  • Kamal Model School, Benra, Sangrur
  • La Foundation School, Sangrur
  • Little Flower Convent School
  • National Institute of Nursing, Sangrur
  • Prem Sabha School, Sangrur (since 1965),
  • Raj High Senior Secondary School, Sangrur (Oldest School of Sangrur)
  • Rishi Public School, Sangrur,
  • R.S. (Radha Swami) Model School, "known as Mohran Wala School" Sunami Gate, Sangrur.
  • Robin Model High School, Dhuri(Sangrur)
  • Sangrur Public School, Mangwal
  • Sant Attar Singh Academy, Gursagar Mastuana Sahib
  • Saravhitkari Vidya Mandir, Sangrur
  • Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology (SLIET)
  • Shaheed Bhai Dyala Ji Public School, Longowal
  • Spring dales public senior secondary school
  • Vasant Valley Public School, Ladda
  • Heritage Public School- Rampura Road- Bhawanigarh

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sangrur, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ (According to Dy E.S.A., Sangrur)

External links[edit]