According to the 2011 census Sangrur district had a population of 1,655,169 of which male and female were 878,029 and 777,140 respectively roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 300st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 449 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,160/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.3%. Sangrur has a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.99%.
Two of the chief ministers of Indian Punjab hailed from Sangrur, as did one chief minister of the former state of Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU).. The two Punjab Chief Ministers were Surjit Singh Barnala and Rajinder Kaur Bhathal. Late Lala Brish Bhan was the chief minister of PEPSU. Senior Akali leader and former Union cabinet minister Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa also hails from Sangrur.
Udham Singh was an Indian independence activist, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as the avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
The city has a huge number of artists, including: Ali Akbar, the music director; Bhupinder Mann, a prominent Punjabi folk singer; Pargat Singh, the lyricist; Satinder Fatta, painter and speaker; and many more.