Sangsari language

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Sangsari
Native to Semnan, Mazanderan, Tehran, Golestan & Markazi provinces of Iran.
Region Elburz
Native speakers
36,000  (2006 census)[1]
none
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sgr
Glottolog sang1315[2]

Sangsari or Sangisari is an Iranian language spoken mainly in the Semnan and Tehran provinces of Iran specially in the Sangsar (Mahdi Shehr) town and in several surrounding villages. Sangsari is included in the Semnani group of Northwest Iranian languages that also includes Lasgerdi, Semnani, and Sorkhei.[3] There are around 36,000 Sangsari speakers.[4]

Phonology[edit]

The vowels of Sangsari are /a, a:, e, e:, i, o, ö, u, u:/. The consonants are the same as in Persian.[5]

Pronouns[edit]

Sangseri distinguishes two numbers in pronouns—singular and plural—and marks two cases in the singular—the direct (nominative) and the oblique (other cases). Masculine and feminine forms are distinct in the singular third person pronouns.[6]

1 sg 2 sg 3 sg masc. 3 sg fem. 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl
dir. a ham anun
obl. ma ta ne ham anun

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sangsari at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Sangisari". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Ethnologue listing of Semnani languages
  4. ^ Ethnologue listing for Sangisari
  5. ^ Lecoq, pg. 309.
  6. ^ Lecoq, pg. 309.

References[edit]

Pierre Lecoq. 1989. "Les dialectes caspiens et les dialectes du nord-ouest de l'Iran," Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Ed. Rüdiger Schmitt. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. Pages 296-314.